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Establishment of Application Level for the Proper Use of Organic Materials as the Carbonaceous Amendments in the Greenhouse Soil
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 Title & Authors
Establishment of Application Level for the Proper Use of Organic Materials as the Carbonaceous Amendments in the Greenhouse Soil
Kang, Bo-Goo; Lee, Sang-Young; Lim, Sang-Cheol; Kim, Young-Sang; Hong, Soon-Dal; Chung, Keun-Yook; Chung, Doug-Young;
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 Abstract
For the environmental friendly soil management on the cultivation of crops in the greenhouse, organic materials, such as the by product-fertilizer derived from livestock manure, rice straw, mushroom media, rice hulls, wood sawdust, and cocopeat, were used as carbon sources adjusting the ratio of carbon to nitrogen to 10, 20, and 30 based on the inorganic soil N. In each C/N ratio of greenhouse soil, watermelon was cultivated in the greenhouse as crop for experiment for the spring and summer of the year and the experimental results were summarized as follows. The concentration of T-C in the organic materials applied were between , In the C/N ratio of 10, using watermelon as the crop cultivated during the second half of the year in the greenhouse soil, the -N and EC were reduced by 21 to 37%, and 26 to 33%, respectively, except the by product-fertilizer from livestock manure, compared to the soil -N and EC used in the experiment. After the watermelon was cultivated in soils that C/N ratios were controlled as 10, 20, and 30 with wood sawdust adding as carbon sources in the three soils with the different EC values, EC values of the soils were reduced by 33, 42, and 39%, respectively, compared to the soil EC used in the experiment. The weight of watermelon was 10.1-13.4 kg per one unit, and, of the three soils with different EC values. In the soils with three different EC values controlled at C/N ratio of 20, the weight of watermelon was good. The degree of sugar of watermelon were 11.8 to 12.3 Brix, which means that the difference between the treatments was not significant. In conclusion, the C/N ratio of 20 controlled by the proper supply of organic materials according to the representative EC values shown in the greenhouse soils was optimal condition enough to maintain the soil management for the organic culture with the proper nutrient cycling.
 Keywords
Organic materials;Carbonaceous Amendment;Soil EC;Watermelon;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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