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Soil Chemical Property, Mortality Rates and Growth of Planting Trees from Soil Covering Depths in Coastal Reclaimed Land of Asan Area
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 Title & Authors
Soil Chemical Property, Mortality Rates and Growth of Planting Trees from Soil Covering Depths in Coastal Reclaimed Land of Asan Area
Byun, Jae-Kyeong; Kim, Choon-Sig; Lim, Chae-Cheol; Jeong, Jin-Hyon;
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 Abstract
It is important to determine optimum soil covering depths for tree survival and growth because soil covering depths for establishing tree planting bases in coastal reclaimed lands are related to the costs for soil collection, transportation and land reclamation. The objectives of this study were carried out to determine optimum soil covering depths for the normal growth of planted trees in a coastal reclaimed land. The study sites were located in Asan National Industrial Complex in Pyeongtaek City, Gyeonggi-do. Four tree species (Pinus thunbergii, Chamaecyparis pisifera, Zelkova serrata, Quercus acutissima) with one hundred eighty trees of each species were planted in various depths of soil covering (no soil covering, 0.5 m, 1.5 m, 2.0 m soil covering treatments) on April 1998, and the tree growth patterns were measured on September 2000. The change of soil properties, tree mortality rate, root collar diameter and height growth were measured from each soil covering depth treatment on September 2000. Soil pH, EC, exchangeable cations (, , , ), anion , and base saturation increased with decreased soil covering depths. The mortality rates of tree species showed decreased with increased soil covering depths. The height growth of tree species increased with increased soil covering depths. Height growth of Pinus thunbergii was significantly different between the soil covering depth below 0.5m and other three covering depths, while the growth of other species (C. pisifera, Z. serrata, Q. acutissima) was significantly higher in soil covering depths below 1.5 m than in other soil covering depth treatments. The root collar diameter growth of all tree species showed increasing trends with increased soil covering depths. It is recommended to cover the soil depths above 1.5 m to decrease mortality and to stimulate the tree growth of C. pisifera, Z. serrata and Q. acutissima, while P. thunbergii which is a salt tolerate species could be planted in the 1.0 m soil covering depth.
 Keywords
Land reclamation;Salt tolerance;Soil property;Tree mortality;Tree height growth;Root collar diameter growth;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
새만금 방조제에서 곰솔의 초기 생장에 미치는 방풍 시설 설치 효과,김정환;임주훈;서경원;정용호;엄태원;

한국농림기상학회지, 2013. vol.15. 4, pp.210-218 crossref(new window)
1.
Effect of Wind Break on the Early Growth of Pinus thunbergii at Saemangum Sea-wall, Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2013, 15, 4, 210  crossref(new windwow)
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