Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Three Alternative Crops to Reduce Soil Erosion for Mountain Agriculture
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Three Alternative Crops to Reduce Soil Erosion for Mountain Agriculture
Kim, Se-Won; Seo, Young-Ho; Kim, Jong-Hwan; Kang, An-Seok; Jeong, Byeong-Chan; Jung, Yeong-Sang;
  PDF(new window)
One of the problems for cultivating crops in the mountainous highland is soil erosion and nutrients runoff. Alternative cropping ways were searched to reduce soil erosion and to ensure farm income in the mountainous highland agricultural region. Three edible wild plants including goatsbeard, Korean thistle, and aster, were selected to test as alternative crops to reduce soil erosion in mountain agriculture of highland area. In the first year, the soil losses from the alternative cropping were 26 to 63 percents of the soil loss from summer radish cultivated by conservation tillage with contour and plastic film mulching. The relative soil losses in the second year ranged from 2.8 to 5.5 percents in comparison with radish cultivation. Rapid surface coverage contributed to successive soil loss protection by these alternative crops. Farm net profit of these crops was greater than that of radish. Monitoring of yields of Korean thistle or aster for further experiments, however, might be necessary for economic cultivation due to yield reduction caused by consecutive production.
Soil loss;Alternative crops;Edible perennial plants;Mountain agriculture;Highland;
 Cited by
Cho, H.R., S.K. Ha, S.H. Hyun, S.O. Hur, K.H. Han, S.Y. Hong, S.H. Jeon, E.J. Kim, and D.S. Lee. 2010. Effect of red pepper canopy coverages on soil loss and runoff from sloped land with different transplanting dates. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43:260-267.

Gangwon ARES. 2008. Preparation Plan for Synthesized Research to Develop Soil Erosion Control Technology. Gangwon Agricultural Research & Extension Services. Korean pp. 16.

Johnson, H.P., J.L. Baker, W.D. Sharder, and J.M. Laflen. 1979. Tillage system effects on sediment and nutrients in runoff from small watersheds. Trans. ASAE 22:1110-1114. crossref(new window)

Jung, K.H., W.T. Kim, S.O. Hur, S.K. Ha, P.K. Jung, and Y.S. Jung. 2004. USLE/RUSLE factors for national scale soil loss estimation based on the digital detailed soil map. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 37:199-206.

Jung, K.H., Y.K. Sonn, S.Y. Hong, S.O. Hur, and S.K. Ha. 2005. Assessment of national soil loss and potential erosion area using the digital detailed soil maps. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 38:59-65.

Jung, P.K., M.H. Ko, and K.T. Um. 1985. Discussion of cropping management factor for estimating soil loss. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 18:7-13.

Jung, Y.S., J.E. Yang, C.S. Park, Y.G. Kwon, and Y.K. Joo. 1998. Changes of stream water quality and load of N and P from the agricultural watershed of the Yulmun tributary of the Buk-Han River Basin. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 31:170-176.

Jung, Y.S., J.E. Yang, J.H. Joo, H.J. Shin, and S.W. Hwang. 2006. Report on Survey for Non-Point Source Pollution from Highland Agriculture. Department of Environment, Korea. pp. 504.

Lee, J.T., G.J. Lee, C.S. Park, S.W. Hwang, and Y.R. Yeoung. 2005. Effect of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) sod culture on decreasing soil loss and providing nitrogen for Chinese cabbage in highland. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 38:294-300.

Pinson, W.T., D.C. Yoder, J.R. Buchanan, W.C. Wright, and J.B. Wilkerson. 2004. Design and evaluation of an improved flow divider for sampling runoff plots. Applied Eng. in Agric. 20: 433-438.

Renard, K.G., G.R. Foster, G.A. Weesies, D.K. McCool, and D.C. Yoder. 1997. Predicting Soil Erosion by Water: A Guide to Conservation Planning with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 703. Washington, D.C., USDA.

Soileau, J.M., J.T. Touchton, B.F. Hajek, and K.H. Yoo. 1994. Sediment, nitrogen, and phosphorus runoff with conventionaland conservation-tillage cotton in a small watershed. J. Soil and Water Cons. 49:82-89.