JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Applications of Nutrient-Controlling and Growth-Regulating Chemicals to Enhance Yield of Once-Over Harvest Red Pepper (Capsicum annuun L.)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Applications of Nutrient-Controlling and Growth-Regulating Chemicals to Enhance Yield of Once-Over Harvest Red Pepper (Capsicum annuun L.)
Ahn, Byung-Koo; Kim, Hyeong-Goog; Kim, Myung-Jun; Lee, Jin-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The cultivation of once-over harvest pepper cultivars might be very valuable to Korean farmers who still depend on traditional hand-harvesting method. Thus, we conducted this experiment to obtain important information for enhancing the productivity of once-over harvest red pepper fruits by supplying several nutrient-controlling and growth-regulating chemicals, such as , and 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid (ethephon). Adequate fertilization was provided in each treatment plots. In this study, two once-over harvest pepper cultivars, Saengryeg No. 211 and 213 (SR 211 and SR 213), and one regular piecemeal harvest pepper cultivar, Kangryegdaetong (KRDT), were cultivated to evaluate the productivity of pepper fruit as affected by above chemicals. The distribution of macro- and micro-nutrients in pepper fruits among the cultivars were different in term of N, B, Cu, and Fe concentrations. In particular, the concentration of B in SR 213 was about 2 times higher than that in SR 211 and KRDT. However, overall red pepper productivity of SR 211 was markedly higher () than that () of SR 213. Also, the productivity of matured red pepper was significantly influenced by the treatments of , and ethephon. The yield indices for matured red pepper fruits were the highest with the treatment of or with ethephon, which were 113~116% for SR 211 and 147~150% for SR 213. Thus, the applications of or with ethephon would be suggested to enhance the productivity of matured red pepper fruit.
 Keywords
Once-over harvest pepper;Chemical fertilizer;Growth regulator;Mature red peppercultivation;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Cho, M.C. and Y.S. Cho. 2004. Breeding chili pepper variety for once-over harvest and its prospect, p 327-341. In B.D. Kim (ed.). Molecular genetics and breeding of chilli pepper in Korea. SRC. Seoul Nat'l Univ., Seoul.

2.
Cho, M.C., Y. Chae, Y.S. Cho, K.D. Ko, Y.A. Shin, D.H. Kim, and J.W. Jung. 2005. The result of new pepper varieties evaluation at farmer's field Korean. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. (Suppl. I) 23:38-38.

3.
Choi, J., I.S. Son, Y.T. Jung, D.H. Lee, M. Park, and C.I. Choi. 2000. Soil characteristics and its influences on the yields and quality of red pepper in Yeongyang area, Gyeongbuk province. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 33:145-152.

4.
Chung, J.B., M.K. Kim, B.J. Kim, and K.H. Kim. 1999. Comparison of micro-pipette method and hydrometer method in soil particle size analysis. J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 32:274-278.

5.
Chung, K.M., S.K. Kwon, and J.M. Hwang. 2002. Quality of singleharvested red peppers. Kor. J. Food. Sci. Technol. 34:128-131.

6.
Gee, G.W. and J.W. Bauder. 1986. Particle size analysis. pp. 383- 411. In A. Klute (ed), Methods of soil analysis part I (2nd ed.). American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.

7.
Ghanbari-Malidareh, A. 2011. Silicon application and nitrogen on yield and yield components in rice (Oryza sativa L.) in two irrigation systems. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 74:88-95.

8.
Heckman, J. and A. Wolf. 2011. Recommended soil tests for silicon. pp. 99-101. In Northeastern Regional Publication No. 493, Recommended soil testing procedures for the northeastern United States (3rd ed.), Cooperative Extension, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

9.
Huang, W.H. and W.D. Keller. 1973. New stability diagrams of some phyllosilicates in the $SiO_{2}-Al_{2}O_{3}-K_{2}O-H_{2}O $ system. Clays and Clay Minerals, 21:331-336. crossref(new window)

10.
Idris, M., M.M. Hossain, and E.F. Chouhury. 1975. The effect of silicon on lodging of rice in presence of added nitrogen. Plant Soil. 43:691-695. crossref(new window)

11.
Jung, J.W., M.C. Cho, and Y.S. Cho. 2006. Fruit quality of once-over harvest pepper (Capsicum annuum) cultivar Saengryeg No. 211 and Saengryeg No. 213. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 24:205-209.

12.
Jung, S.J., B.S. Back, G.S. Jang, B.K. Hyun, and S.K. Rim. 2004. Suitability class criteria for red pepper cultivation with respect to soil morphology and physical properties. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 37(5):336-340.

13.
Kim, H.C., H.J. Bae, K.S. Cho, J.W. Han, and T.C. Kim. 2009. Effects of potassium-dihydrogenphosphate and antitranspirant on fruit color in non-astringent persimmon. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. (Suppl. I). 27:113-113.

14.
Kim, Y.C., K.Y. Kim, K.W. Park, H.K. Yun, T.C. Seo, J.W. Lee, and S.G. Lee. 2002. Effect of granular silicate application on the growth and yield of tomato grown in perlite substrate. J. Korean Soc. Hort. Sci. 43:21-24.

15.
Lee, J.S. and M.S. Yiem. 2000. Effects of soluble silicon in development powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fuliginea) in cucumber plants. Korean. J. Pestic. Sci. 4:37-43.

16.
Lee, J.S., J.H. Park, and K.S. Han. 2000. Effects of potassium silicate on growth, photosynthesis, and inorganic ion absorption in cucumber hydroponics. J. Korean. Soc. Hort. Sci. 41:480-484.

17.
Lee, Y.B. and P.J. Kim. 2006. Effects of silicate fertilizer on increasing phosphorus availability in salt accumulated soil during Chinese cabbage cultivation. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 39:8-14.

18.
Mauard, M., C.A.C. Crusciol, H.G. Filho, and J.C. Correa. 2003. Nitrogen and silicon fertilization of upland rice. Scientia Agricola, 60(4):761-765. crossref(new window)

19.
National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (NIAST). 2000. Method of soil and plant analysis. NIAST, Rural Development Administration, Korea.

20.
Park, S.N., K.H. Kim, and J.Y. Kang. 2006. Accuracy and precision of spectrophotometric measurement of clay content in soils. Korean J. Soc. Soil Sci. 49:153-157.

21.
Parry, D.W. and F. Smithson. 1964. Types of opaline silica deposition in the leaves of Brithish grasses. Ann. Bot. 28:169-185.

22.
Shin, Y.A., J.S. Lee, Y.C. Um, and S.H. Park. 2006. Effects of seed spacing and depth and planting date on yield of once-over harvested hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) planted by direct seeding. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 24:8-12.

23.
Uras, D.S. and S. Sonmez. 2011. Efect of changes in salt levels of irrigation water to some physical properties of pepper plants (Capsicum annuun L.) grown on various soil textures. Food Agri. Environ. 9(2):686-688.