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Psychrotolerance Mechanisms in Cold-Adapted Bacteria and their Perspectives as Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria in Temperate Agriculture
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Psychrotolerance Mechanisms in Cold-Adapted Bacteria and their Perspectives as Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria in Temperate Agriculture
Subramanian, Parthiban; Joe, Manoharan Melvin; Yim, Woo-Jong; Hong, Bo-Hui; Tipayno, Sherlyn C.; Saravanan, Venkatakrishnan Sivaraj; Yoo, Jae-Hong; Chung, Jong-Bae; Sultana, Tahera; Sa, Tong-Min;
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Cold-adapted bacteria survive in extremely cold temperature conditions and exhibit various mechanisms of adaptation to sustain their regular metabolic functions. These adaptations include several physiological and metabolic changes that assist growth in a myriad of ways. Successfully sensing of the drop in temperature in these bacteria is followed by responses which include changes in the outer cell membrane to changes in the central nucleoid of the cell. Their survival is facilitated through many ways such as synthesis of cryoprotectants, cold acclimation proteins, cold shock proteins, RNA degradosomes, Antifreeze proteins and ice nucleators. Agricultural productivity in cereals and legumes under low temperature is influenced by several cold adopted bacteria including Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Burkholderia, Exiguobacterium, Pantoea, Rahnella, Rhodococcus and Serratia. They use plant growth promotion mechanisms including production of IAA, HCN, and ACC deaminase, phosphate solublization and biocontrol against plant pathogens such as Alternaria, Fusarium, Sclerotium, Rhizoctonia and Pythium.
Psychrotrophs;Psychrophiles;Cold-adaptation Mechanisms;Plant growth-promoting bacteria;
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