JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Compaction Characteristics of Multi-cropping Paddy Soils in South-eastern Part of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Compaction Characteristics of Multi-cropping Paddy Soils in South-eastern Part of Korea
Yun, Eul-Soo; Jung, Ki-Yeul; Park, Ki-Do; Sonn, Yeon-Kyu; Park, Chang-Yeong; Hwang, Jae-Bog; Nam, Min-Hee;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was carried out for some survey about soil compaction in the multi-cropping system of paddy field. Investigated sites were 90 farmer's fields in south-eastern part of Korea. The tillage practices season was different according to cropping system of paddy; in spring for mono rice cultivation and in autumn for the multi-cropping field. The average tillage depth in investigated sites was about 25 cm, however, it is different between the farmer's tillage practices and soil characteristics. It is high correlation to tillage deep and minimum resistance of penetration. The reaching soil deep to maximum resistance of penetration was about 27 cm, and average penetration resistance of the deep is 1.8~2.0 MPa for moderately fine-textured soils and more than 3.0 MPa for moderately coarse-textured soils. The difference of penetration resistance between cultivating and compacted layer was in order to sandy loam > clayey loam > clayey, and the difference was lesser in poorly drained soils than somewhat poorly ones. In the rice mono cropping field, the maximum resistance in no-tillage for 15 years was 1.18~1.25 Mpa at 20~25 cm in soil deep, however, the resistance of field with every year tillage practices was 2.03~2.21 Mpa. In the extremely compacted sandy loam textured soils, the penetration resistance at 30 cm in soil depth was drastically reduced by the subsoil from 5.2 Mpa to 3.2 Mpa, and the watermelon root in plastic film house was deep elongated.
 Keywords
Paddy;Soil compaction;Penetration resistance;Soil series;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
토양 경반층 강도가 콩 뿌리신장 및 생육에 미치는 영향,정기열;윤을수;박창영;황재복;최영대;전승호;이황아;

한국토양비료학회지, 2012. vol.45. 3, pp.332-338 crossref(new window)
2.
A Study on Soil Characteristics of Paddy Fields with Re-established Soils,;;;;;;;;

한국토양비료학회지, 2015. vol.48. 3, pp.194-204 crossref(new window)
1.
A Study on Soil Characteristics of Paddy Fields with Re-established Soils, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2015, 48, 3, 194  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Effect of Soil Compaction Levels and Textures on Soybean (Glycine max L.) Root Elongation and Yield, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2012, 45, 3, 332  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Cass, A. 1999. Interpretation of some soil physical indicators for assessing soil physical fertility. In soil analysis an interpretation manual (Eds KI Peverill, LA Sparrow, DJ Reuter) 95-192 (CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne).

2.
Cho, H.J., L.Y. Kim, B.K. Hyun, S.O. Hur, and I.S. Jo. 2000. A Comparisons of soil physical practies in plastic film house. 2000. National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) research repot. 218-228.

3.
Gill, W.R. and G.E. Vanden Berg. 1967, Soil dynamics in tillage and traction. Handbook 316. Agr. Res. Service, U.S.D.A. Washington D. C.

4.
Stiegler, J.H. 1998. Soil compaction and crusts. http://Osufacts.okstate.edu

5.
Jo, I.S., S.J. Cho, and J.N. Im. 1977. A study on penetration of pea seeding taproots as influenced by strength of soil. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert 10:7-12.

6.
Kim, D.C. 1998. Tree root growth control series: soil constraints on root growth. University of Georgia cooperative Extension Service Forest Resources publication for 98-10.

7.
Kim, H.J., S.Y. Choi, G.H. Choi, and J.W. Choi. 2000. Physical improvement of heavy clay soil by chisel tillage. Honam Agriculture Experiment Station (HAES) research repot. 236-242.

8.
Kim, P.J., D.K. Lee, and D.Y. Chung. 1997. Vertical distribution of bulk density and salt in a plastic film house soil. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert 30(3):226-233.

9.
Kim S. H. 2001. Study on agricultural environment indicators of OECD. http://www.krei.re.kr/infor4.

10.
Kristel, B. and B. Cotching. 2004. Siol strength/soil wetness relationships on red ferrosols with visually assessed soil structure differences in north-west Tasmania. 3rd Australian New zealand Soils Conference 5-9.

11.
Jong, R. 2000. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity : estimation from desorption curves, In soil sampling and methods of analysis. Canadian society of soil science. 625-631.

12.
Ministry for Food, Agri., Forestry and Fisheries (MFAFF), Republic of Korea. 2010. Food, Agri., Forestry and Fisheries Statistical Yearbook. p. 43.

13.
NIAST (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology). 1973. Korean Soil Survey Manual v. 1. (Soil survey), pp257.

14.
NIAST (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology), 1988. Methods of Soil Chemical Analysis.

15.
Katsuhish, N., T. Osamu, O. Kiyoshi, and K. Koji. 1999. Improvement of physical properties and sugar beet root penetration by tillage pan breaking in the fine textured brown lowland upland soil. Japanese soc. Pedology 43(2):64-72.

16.
NRCS Soil Quality Institute. 1999. Soil quality test kit guide. USDA ARS and NRCS. Kit guide can be obtained at http://soils.usda.gov/sqi

17.
Raghavan, G.S., V.E. McKyes, F. Taylor, P. Richard, and A. Watson. 1979. The relationship between machinery traffic and corn yield reductions in successive years. Transaction of the ASAE. 22(4):1256-1259. crossref(new window)

18.
Soil Survey Division Staff. 1993. Soil Survey Manual. USDA. pp437.

19.
van den Akker J.J.H., 1994. Prevention of subsoil compaction by tuning the wheel load to the bearing capacity of the subsoil. In : Proceeding of the 13th ISTRO Conference, Aalbong, Denmark. V.1:537-542.