JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Relative Contribution rate on Soil Physico-chemical properties Related to Fruit Quality of 'Fuji' apple
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Relative Contribution rate on Soil Physico-chemical properties Related to Fruit Quality of 'Fuji' apple
Kim, Seung-Heui; Choi, In-Myung; Han, Jeom-Wha; Cho, Jung-Gun; Son, In-Chang; Lim, Tae-Jun; Yun, Hea-Keun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The management standard on soil conditions in 'Fuji' apple to produce high quality fruit were not yet made. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the optimum soil environmental conditions of ten contents on production of high quality fruit in 'Fuji' apple. The soil and fruit characteristics were analyzed at total 60 orchards in major apple producing areas such as Chungju, Moonkyeung, yeongju, andong, yeosan and yeongcheon (10 orchards an area). The soil environmental factors affected fruit weight was highest relative contribution in saturated hydraulic conductivity of 36.5%. The bulk density and soil pH were low as relative contribution. The fruit weight was influenced by soil physical properties more than soil chemical properties. The soil environmental factors affected sugar content were hydraulic conductivity of 28.3% and organic matter content of 18.2%. The cultivation layer depth and soil pH were low as relative contribution. The fruit coloring was highest relative contribution in saturated hydraulic conductivity 55.9%. while soil pH, cation and soil texture were low. Fruit coloring was high influenced over 70% by soil physical properties. Finally, relative contribution on fruit quality related with sugar content, fruit weight, and coloring were high influenced by saturated hydraulic conductivity of 21.% and organic matter content of 18.7% but bulk density and cultivation layer depth were low relative contribution. The fruit growth and saturated hydraulic conductivity in 'Fuji' apple were very closely related. Therefore, orchard soil management to produce high quality fruit was very importance drainage management and organic matter application. We concluded that scientific soil management is possible by qualifiable of soil management factors.
 Keywords
Apple;coloring;Fruit weight;Soil factor;Sugar content;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Characteristics of soil carbon and nutrient stocks across land use types in a forest region of central Korea, Forest Science and Technology, 2017, 13, 3, 93  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Barley, K.P. 1963. Influences of soil strength on growth of roots. Soil Sci. 96:175-180. crossref(new window)

2.
Blackwell, P.S. 1983. Measurements of aeration in waterlogged soils: Some improvements of techniques and their application to experiments using lysimeters. J. Soil Sci. 34:271-285. crossref(new window)

3.
Boynton, D. and G.H. Oberly. 1966. Apple nutrition, p.1-50. In:N.F.Childers (ed.). Nutrition of fruit crops. Hort. Publ. Rutgers Univ. New Brunswick. NJ.

4.
Byun, J.K., B.Y. Byun, and K.H. Chang. 1989. Effect of fruit bagging and application of additional nitrogen fertilizer on color development of 'Fuji' apples. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 30:270-277.

5.
Choi, S.W., M.S. Hur, and K.R. Kim. 1999. Optimum nitrogen contents of leaves for quality fruit production of 'Fuji' apples. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. (Abstr.) 17:616.

6.
DeBoodt, M. and O. Verdonck. 1972. The physical properties of the substrates in horticalture. Acta Horticulturae 26:37-44.

7.
Emmert, F.H. 1955. Foliar analysis result from forty connecticut apple orchards. Conn. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. 317.

8.
Ladygin, V.G. 1999. Effect of root zone hypoxia and anoxia on the functional activity and chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of Pisum sativum and Glycine max. Fiziol. Rast. 46:246-258.

9.
Liao, C.T. and C.H. Lin. 1994. Effect of flooding stress on photosynthetic activities of Momordica charantia. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 32:1-5.

10.
Im, J.N. 1999. Guideline for recommendation of fertilizer application in crops Natl. Inst. Agr Sci. Technol. RDA. Korea.

11.
Jung, J.K. and Y.I. Song. 2000. Optimal mineral nutrient contents in the leaves of 'Fuji'/M.26 apple trees. Res. Rpt. Kor. Natl. Hort. Res. Inst. for 1999. p. 340-346.

12.
Kenworthy, A.L. 1961. Interpreting the balance of nutrient element in leaves of fruit tree, p. 29-43. In: W. Reuther (ed). Plant analysis and fertilizer problem. Amer. Ins. of Bio. Sci. Washington.

13.
Komamura, K., A. Suzuki, M. Fukumoto, K. Kato, and Y. sato. 2000. Effects of long-term nitrogen application on tree growth, yield. and fruit qaulities in a 'Jonathan' apple orchard. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 69:617-623. crossref(new window)

14.
Kozlowski, T.T. 1984. Responses of woody plants to flooding, p. 129-163. In: T.T. Kozlowski (ed.). Flooding and plant growth. Academic Press, Orlando, FL, USA.

15.
Papp, J. and Z.I. Ibrahim. 1995. Distribution of some N compounds in shoots and fruit s of the apple cv. 'Jonathan' after soil and foliar application of nitrogen. Kerteszeti-Tudomany. 27:43-49.

16.
Perterson, A.B. and R.G. Stevens. 1994. Tree fruit nutrition. p. 41-42. Yakima, Washington.

17.
Shin, K.C., J.S. Choi, M.S. Kim, S.B. Kim, J.H. Kim, J.Y. Moon, and Y.J. Lee. 1988. Studies on the nutritional diagnosis of dwarf apple trees (Malus domestica Borkh). Res. Rpt. RDA. (H). 30:38-48.

18.
Song, G.C., I.M. Choi, and M.D. Cho. 2000. Cold hardiness in relation to in management in 'campbell Early' grapevines. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. & Technol. 18:387-390.

19.
Suh, Y.S., S.B. Kim, and C.H. Chung. 1979. Studies on the capability evaluation for Korean apple orchard. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 20:157-165.

20.
Taylor, H.M. and H.P. Gardner. 1963. Penetration of cotton seeding top roots as influenced by bulk density, moisture content, and strength of soils. Soil Sci, 96:153-156. crossref(new window)