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Chinese Cabbage Growth Effected by Black Vinyl Mulching and Organic Fertilizer Application in Spring Season
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 Title & Authors
Chinese Cabbage Growth Effected by Black Vinyl Mulching and Organic Fertilizer Application in Spring Season
Yun, Hong-Bae; Lee, Jong-Sik; Lee, Ye-Jin; Kim, Rog-Young; Song, Yo-Sung; Han, Seung-Gap; Lee, Yong-Bok;
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 Abstract
Organic fertilizers application has become a popular alternatives to reduce the dependence on chemical fertilizer in Korean farming systems. In this study, we evaluated the nitrogen (N) use efficiency and growth performance of Chinese cabbage grown by black vinyl mulching after application of organic and chemical fertilizers compared with no-mulching. The treatments included chemical fertilizer alone as control (NPK, N- : ), organic fertilizer alone (OF100), 70% organic fertilizer and 30% chemical fertilizer (OF70+N30), and 30% organic fertilizer and 70% chemical fertilizer (OF30+N70), which were all applied in the no-mulching plots and in plots with black vinyl mulching. Daily means soil temperature was higher in the black vinyl mulched treatments throughout the 54 days compared with no-mulched treatments. OF100 with black vinyl mulching gave highest soil inorganic N content. Also, Chines cabbage yield increased 46% by black vinyl mulched compared with no-mulching in OF100 treatment. Without mulching, N use efficiency was, 44, 26, 29, and 27% in NPK, OF100, OF70+N30, and OF30+N70, respectively. However, black vinyl mulching much more effectively increased N use efficiencies by 56, 55, 51, and 39% in the same treatments in the order as mentioned above. Conclusively, combined organic and chemical fertilizers application with black vinyl mulching could be good practical technique to reduce a amount of used nitrogen because of its greater ability to enhance N use efficiency.
 Keywords
Chinese cabbage;Black vinyl mulching;Organic fertilizer;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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