JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Values of Winter Fallow Crops on Soil Properties and Watermelon Productivity in Plastic Greenhouse
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Values of Winter Fallow Crops on Soil Properties and Watermelon Productivity in Plastic Greenhouse
Uhm, Mi-Jeong; Chon, Hyong-Gwon; Noh, Jae-Jong; Song, Young-Ju; Kwon, Sung-Whan; Sheikh, Sameena;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was performed to screen fallow crops during winter period for improvement of soil quality and utilizing as mulching material in watermelon cropping system during winter period. Five fallow crops, mainly, hairy vetch, barley, rye, oat and wheat, were sown in early November. They were mowed for covering the soil surface instead of polyethylene (PE) film before watermelon planting in early April the following year. The highest absorbed nutrients and dry matter yield were found in rye. Bulk density in plots with fallow crop was lower than control plot. There was observed no significant differences among the fallow crops. However, porosity was the lowest in control plot. Soil EC reduced to 12%, 13%, 14%, 16% and 22%, respectively, by cultivation of hairy vetch, oat, wheat, barley and rye. Microbial biomass carbon and dehydrogenase activities were higher in soil treated with gramineous crops, such as barley, rye and oat. The growth of watermelon was more affected by regeneration of fallow crop than the occurrence of weed, especially in plots treated with rye or oat. Also, the fruit damage by aphid was found severe in these treatment plots. The fruit yield in plots treated with hairy vetch and barley was increased 5.7% and 2.6%, respectively, compared to that of PE films. The present experiment findings implied that these fallow crops had significant beneficial effects on improvement of soil qualities and could be utilized for mulching materials in watermelon cropping system.
 Keywords
Bulk density;Weed occurrence;Fruit yield;Dehydrogenase;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Andrzej B. 2006. Growth of onion (Allium cepa L.) under no-tillage cultivation with rye (Secale cereale L.) as cover crop. Kor. J. Hort. Sci, & Tech. 27th International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition. 369 (Abstr.)

2.
Araki, H., H. Shiori, H. Yoichiro, and H. Toshiyuki. 2009. Cover crop use in tomato production in plastic high tunnel. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. & Tech. 50:324-328.

3.
Blake, G.R. and K.H. Hartge. 1986. Bulk density. p. 363-375. In A. Klute (ed.) Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. 2nd ed. Agron. Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA, Madison WI.

4.
Boparai, B.S., Yadvinder-Singh, and B.D. Sharma. 1992. Effect of green manure on physical properties of soil and growth rice-wheat and maize-wheat cropping systems. Int. Agrophys. 6:95-101.

5.
Cassel, D.K. 1982. Tillage effects on soil bulk density and mechanical impedance. p. 45-67. In P. W. Unger and D. M. Van Doren (ed.) Predicting tillage effects on soil physical properties and processes. ASA Spec. Publ. 44. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI.

6.
Chand R., T. Watari, K. Inoue, H. Kawakita, H.N. Luitel, D. Parajuli, T. Torikai, and Mi Yada. 2009. Selective adsorption of precious metals from hydrochloric acid solutions using porous carbon prepared from barley straw and rice husk. Minerals Engineering 22:1277-1282. crossref(new window)

7.
Choi B.S., J.A. Jung, M.K. Oh, S.H. Jeon, H.G. Goh, Y.S. Ok, and J.K. Sung. 2010. Effects of green manure crops on improvement of chemical and biological properties in soil. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43:650-658.

8.
Choi, H.S. and R. Curt. 2006. Seasonal variation of nutrient content of apple leaves grown under different organic ground cover management systems. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. & Tech. 27th International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition. 367 (Abstr.).

9.
Jung, G.B., I.S. Ryu, and B.Y. Kim. 1994. Soil texture, electrical conductivity and chemical components of soils under the plastic film house cultivation in northern central areas of Korea. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 27:33-40

10.
Lampurlanes, J. and C. Cantero-Martinez. 2003. Soil bulk density and penetration resistance under different tillage and crop management systems and their relationship with barley root growth. Agron. J. 95:526-536. crossref(new window)

11.
Lee S.B., C.H. Lee, C.H. Hong, S.Y. Kim, Y.B. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2009. Effect of organic residue incorporation on salt activity in greenhouse soil. Kor. J. Environ. Agric. 28(4):397-402. crossref(new window)

12.
Masto, R.E., P.K. Chhonkar, D. Singh, and A.K. Patra. 2006. Changes in soil biological and biochemical characteristics in a long-term field trial on a sub-tropical inceptisol. Soil Boil. Biochem. 38:1577-1582. crossref(new window)

13.
Paustian, K., H.P. Collins, and E.A. Paul. 1997. Management controls in soil carbon. In: Paul, E.A., Paustian, K., Elliott, E.T., Cole, C.V. (Eds.), Soil Organic Matter in Temperate. Ecosystems: Long Term Experiments in North America. CRC Press, Boca Rotan, FL, pp. 15-49.

14.
Ray, S.S. and R.P. Gupta. 2001. Effect of green manuring and tillage practices on physical properties of puddled loam soil under rice-wheat cropping system. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 49:670-678.

15.
RDA. 2006. Standard for fertilization on crops. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development Administration, Korea.

16.
RDA. 2000. Methods of analysis of soil and plant. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development Administration, Korea.

17.
RDA. 2009. Study of environment-friendly fertilizer reduction using green manure crops, Rural Development Administration, Korea.

18.
Ryu, J., J.S. Na, and N.Y. Hwang. 1992. Study on the cause of injury by continuous cropping of peanut. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 25:270-274.

19.
Seo, J.H., H.J. Lee, I.B. Hur, S.J. Kim, C,K, Kim, and H.S. Jo. 2000. Comparisons of chemical composition and forage yield among winter green manure crops. J. Kor. Grassi. Sci. 20:193-198.

20.
Suh, J.S., H.J. Noh, and J.S. Kwon. 2009. Impact of amendments on microbial biomass, enzyme activity and bacterial diversity of soils in long-term rice field experiment. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 42:257-265.

21.
Sukul, P. 2006. Enzymatic activities and microbial biomass in soil as influenced by metalaxyl residues. Soil Biol. Biochem. 38: 320-326. crossref(new window)

22.
Sullivan, P. 2003. Overview of cover crops and green manures: Fundamentals of sustainable agriculture. Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas, the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), Fayetteville, AR.

23.
Thorup-Kristensen, K. and M. Bertelsen. 1996. Green manure crops in organic vegetable production. In: Kristensen, N.H., Hoeg-Jensen, H. New Research in Organic Agriculture. Proceedings from the 11th International Scientific IFOAM Conference, Copenhagen, pp. 75-79.

24.
Vance, E.D., P.C. Brooks, and D.S. Jeninson. 1987. An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon. Soil Biol. Biochem. 19:703-707. crossref(new window)

25.
Wang, W.J., C.J. Smith, and D. Chen. 2004. Predicting soil nitrogen mineralization dynamics with a modified double exponential model. Soil Soc. Am. J. 68:1256-1265. crossref(new window)

26.
Whitbread, A.M., G.J. Blair, and R.D.B. Lefroy. 2000. Managing legume leys, residues and fertilizers to enhance the sustainability of wheat cropping systems in Australia. Soil Tillage Res. 54:63-75. crossref(new window)

27.
Wright, A.L., F.M. Hons, and J.E. Matocha Jr. 2005. Tillage impacts on microbial biomass and nitrogen dynamics of corn and cotton rotations. Appl. Soil Ecol. 29:85-92. crossref(new window)