Adsorption and Transfer of Trace Elements in Repellent Soils

Title & Authors
Adsorption and Transfer of Trace Elements in Repellent Soils
Choi, Jun-Yong; Lee, Sang-Soo; Ok, Yong-Sik; Chun, So-Ul; Joo, Young-Kyoo;

Abstract
Water repellency which affects infiltration, evaporation, erosion and other water transfer mechanisms through soil has been observed under several natural conditions. Water repellency is thought to be caused by hydrophobic organic compounds, which are present as coatings on soil particles or as an interstitial matter between soil particles. This study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of the water repellent soil and transport characteristics of trace elements within this soil. Capillary height of the water repellent soil was measured. Batch and column studies were accompanied to identify sorption and transport mechanism of trace elements such as $\small{Cu^{2+}}$, $\small{Mn^{2+}}$, $\small{Fe^{2+}}$, $\small{Zn^{2+}}$ and $\small{Mo^{5+}}$. Difference of sorption capacity between common and repellent soils was observed depended on the degree of repellency. In the column study, the desorption of trace elements and the spatial concentration distribution as a function of time were evaluated. The capillary height was in the repellency order of 0% > 15% > 40% > 70% > 100%. No water was absorbed in soil indicating >70% repellency. Using trace elements, $\small{Fe^{2+}}$ and $\small{Mo^{5+}}$ showed higher sorption capacity in the repellent soil than in non-repellent soil. The sorption performance of $\small{Fe^{2+}}$ was found to be in the repellency order of 40% > 15% > 0%. Our results found that transfer of $\small{Mo^{5+}}$ had similar sorption tendency in soils having 0%, 15% and 40% repellency at the beginning, however, the higher desorption capacity was observed as time passes in the repellent soil compared to in non-repellent soils.
Keywords
Water repellent soil;Trace elements;Sorption;Desorption;
Language
Korean
Cited by
References
1.
DeBano, L.F., and L.W. Dekker. 2000. Water repellency bibliography. J. Hydrol. 231/232:409-432.

2.
Dekker, L.W., K. Oostindie, A.K. Ziogas, and C.J. Ritsema. 2001. The impact of water repellency on soil moisture variability and preferential flow. Int. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 9:498-505.

3.
Ritsema, C.J. 1998. Flow and transport in water repellent sandy soils. Ph.D. Dissertation. Landbouwuniversiteit, Wageningen, Netherlands.

4.
Ritsema, C.J., L.W. Dekker, J.M.H. Hendrickx, and W. Hamminga. 1993. Preferential flow mechanism in a water repellent sandy soil. Water Resour. Res. 29:2183-2193.