Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Bottom Ash Amendment on Soil Respiration and Microbial Biomass under Anaerobic Conditions
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Bottom Ash Amendment on Soil Respiration and Microbial Biomass under Anaerobic Conditions
Park, Jong-Chan; Chung, Doug-Young; Han, Gwang-Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
Soil respiration under flooded conditions is considered to be very small compared with aerobic soil respiration of soil organic matter. However, anaerobic decomposition of soil plays a key role in carbon cycling in flooded ecosystems. On the other hand, coal-ash wastes, such as fly ash and bottom ash, are known to function as a soil amendment for mitigating emission and enhancing carbon sequestration in up land soils. In this study, we investigated bottom ash as a soil amendment for mitigating emission, and thus enhancing carbon sequestration under anaerobic conditions. We observed that amendment of bottom ash without external organic source led to significant reduction in emission rate and in total cumulative emission flux over the incubation period, which was proportional to the amount of bottom ash applied. We also found that soil microbial biomass increased in response to application of bottom ash. These results suggest that bottom ash can be utilized to store as a stable soil organic carbon in flooded ecosystems, as in aerobic situations.
Carbon sequestration;Global warming;Microbial decomposition;Waste management;
 Cited by
Bottom Ash를 성토재로 재활용 시 발생되는 침출수의 환경위해성 평가,이승철;정진희;이준희;

한국환경기술학회지, 2016. vol.17. 4, pp.332-339
Amonette, J.E., J.B. Kim, C.K. Russell, A.V. Palumbo, and W.L. Daniels. 2003. Enhancement of soil carbon sequestration by amendment with fly ash. International Ash Utilization Symposium, University of Kentucky. USA.

Black, B.L. and R.H. Zimmerman. 2002. Mixtures of coal ash and compost as substrates for highbush blueberry. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 127(5):869-877.

Campbell, C.S., J.L. Heilman, K.J. Mclnnes, L.T. Wilson, J.C. Medley, G. Wu, and D.R. Cobos. 2001. Diel and seasonal variation in $CO_{2}$ flux of irrigated rice. Agric. For. Meteorol., 108(1):15-27. crossref(new window)

Conrad, R., M. Klose, and P. Claus. 2002. Pathway of CH4 formation in anoxic rice field soil and rice roots determined by $^{13}C$-stable isotope fractionation. Chemosphere., 47(8): 797-806. crossref(new window)

Han, G.H., H. Yoshikoshi, H. Nagai, T. Yamada, K. Ono, M. Mano,and A. Miyata. 2007. Isoptopic disequilibrium between carbon assimilated and respired in a rice paddy as influenced by methanogenesis from $CO_{2}$. J.Geophys. Res., 112, G02016, doi:10.1029/2006JG000219. crossref(new window)

Hinsch, F.A., J.L. Heilman, K.J. Mclnnes, D.A. Cobos, D.A. Zuberer, and D.L. Roelke. 2004. Carbon dioxide exchange in a high marsh on the Texas Gulf Coast: Effects of availability. Agric. For. Meteorol. 125(12):159-172. crossref(new window)

Horwath, W.R. and E.A. Paul. 1996. Microbial biomass. P. 753-773. In A.L. page et al.(ed.) Methods of soil analysis, part 2. Microbiological and Biochemical Properties (1st ed.). Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA.

Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC). 2001. Climate chnge 2001: The Scientific basis, Houghton et al. (eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, pp. 385 -391.

Jala, S. and D. Goyal. 2006. Fly ash as a soil ameliorant for improving crop production. Bioresource Technology. 97: 1136-1147. crossref(new window)

Kimura, M., J. Murase, and Y. Lu. 2004. Carbon cycling in rice field ecosystems in the context of input, decomposition and translocation of organic materials and the fates of their end products ($CO_{2}$ and $CH_{4}$). Soil. Biol. Biochem., 36(9):1399-1416. crossref(new window)

Kishor, A.K., Ghosh, and D.L. Kumar. 2010. Use of flyash in agriculture: A way to improve soil fertility and its productivity. Ajar 4(1):1-14.

Lee, J.Y. 2011. Assessment of bottom ash amendment on soil and turfgrass qualities in golf course. Doctor thesis. Kangwon national university, Chuncheon, Korea.

Lee, J.Y., H.Y. Choi, and J.E. Yang. 2010. Physicochemical effects of bottom ash on the turfgrass growth media of sandy topsoil in golf course. Kor. Turfgrass Sci. 24(2):199-204.

Miyata, A., R. Leuning, O.T. Denmead, J. Kim, and Y. Harazono. 2000. Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes from an intermittently flooded paddy field. Agric. For. Meteorol., 102(4):287303. crossref(new window)

Mulvaney, R.L. 1996. Nitrogen inorganic form. P. 1152- 1155. In A.L. page et al.(ed.) Methods of soil analysis, part 3. Chemical methods (1st ed.). Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA.

Ostrem, K. and N.J. Themelis. 2004. Greening waste : Anaerobic digestion for treating the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes. Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering Fu Foundation of School of Engineering and Applied Science, Columbia University, Columbia, USA.

Palumbo, A.V., J.E. Amonette, J.R. Tarver, L.A. Fagan, S. Meghan, M.S. McNeilly, and W.L. Daniels. 2007. Fly ash chracteristics and carbon sequestration potential. World of coal ash (WOCA). Covington. Kentucky. USA.

Palumbo, A.V., W.L. Daniels, J.A. Burger, J.F. McCarthy, S. Wullschleger, J.E. Amonette, and L.S. Fusher. 2004. Prospects for enhancing carbon sequestration and reclamation of degraded lands with fossil-fuel combustion byproducts. Adv. Envir. Res. 8:425-438. crossref(new window)

Phelps, T.J., Y. Roh, and R.J. Lauf. 2003. Biogeochemical processes utilizing fly ash for carbon sequestration. Hilton alexandria mark center. Alexandria. Virginia. USA.

Ralph, M. and G.J. Dong. 2010. Environmental microbiology second., A jhon wiley and sons, Inc., Publication.

RDA. 2000. Methods of analysis of soil and plant, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development Administration, Korea.

Rochette, P.L. and G.L. Hutchinson. 2005. Measurement of soil respiration in situ: chamber techniques. pp. 247 -286. In A.L. page et al.(ed.) Micrometeorology in agricultural systems, part 12. Soil Science Society of Analysis, Madison, WI, USA.

Soil Science Society of America. 1996. Methods of soil analysis, part 3 chemical methods. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Wearing, C., C. Birch, and J. Nairn. 2004. An assessment of Tarong bottom ash for use on agricultural soils. Dev. Chem. Eng. Mineral Process., 12:531-543.

Yang, J.E., E.D. Skogley, B.E. Schaff, and J.J. Kim. 1998. A simple spectrophotometric determination of nitrate in water, resin, and soil extracts. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62:368-375

Yun, M.G. 2010. Immobilization of soil bacteria with cal bottom ash for using as microbial carrier. Master thesis. Gyengsang national university, Jinju, Korea.