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Effect of Soil Compaction Levels and Textures on Soybean (Glycine max L.) Root Elongation and Yield
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Soil Compaction Levels and Textures on Soybean (Glycine max L.) Root Elongation and Yield
Jung, Ki-Yuol; Yun, Eul-Yoo; Park, Chang-Young; Hwang, Jae-Bok; Choi, Young-Dae; Jeon, Seung-Ho; Lee, Hwang-A;
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Soil compaction is one of the major problems facing modern agriculture. Overuse of machinery, intensive cropping, short crop rotations, intensive grazing and inappropriate soil management leads to compaction. This study was carried out evaluate of the effects soil texture and different compaction levels within the soil profile on the soybean root growth and productivity. The soybean plants were grown in cylinder pots using three different soil textures (clay, fine loamy and coarse loamy) compacted at different compaction levels (1.25, 1.50, 1.75, and 2.00 MPa). Results revealed that soybean development is more sensitive on penetration resistance, irrespective of soil type. Soybean yield and root weight density significantly decreases with increasing levels of soil compaction in both clayey and fine loamy soils, but not in coarse loamy soil. The highest root weight density was recorded in coarse loamy soils, followed by fine loamy and clay soils, in descending order. The root growth by soil compaction levels started to decline from 1.16, 1.28 and 1.60 MPa for clay, fine loamy and coarse loamy soils. Soybean production in the field experiment decreased about 30% at compacted sub-soils compared to undisturbed soils.
Soil compaction;Soybean;Penetration resistance;Texture;
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