Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Germanium Foliar Spray Application on Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption in Rice
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Germanium Foliar Spray Application on Growth Characteristics and Germanium Absorption in Rice
Park, Jong-Hwan; Seo, Dong-Cheol; Kim, Seong-Heon; Lee, Choong-Heon; Lee, Seong-Tea; Choi, Jeong-Ho; Kim, Hong-Chul; Ha, Yeong-Rae; Cho, Ju-Sik; Heo, Jong-Soo;
  PDF(new window)
To obtain the basic information for agricultural utilization of germanium (Ge), the growth characteristics and Ge absorption in rice plant were investigated under different Ge concentrations by foliar spray application. The Ge concentrations were treated with 0 (control), 10, 20, 40 and in pot (1 5000 a), respectively. The Ge absorption rate in rice by foliar spray application with in pot was higher in the order of leaf (5.75%) > stem (4.52%) > root (<0.01%). By foliar spray application, the Ge content in rice was higher in the order of > > > . When rice was treated with of Ge, the Ge content in rice grain was higher in the order of rice bran () brown rice () polished rice (). By foliar spray application, the Ge uptake in rice bran was higher than that in other parts. Therefore, optimum Ge concentration by foliar spray application was in pot based on the results from the Ge treatments.
Foliar spray;Germanium;Rice bran;Brown rice;Polished rice;
 Cited by
게르마늄 처리에 따른 땃두릅나무의 생육 증진 효과 및 유기게르마늄 생산,김희영;성은수;유지혜;최재후;강병주;전미란;김명조;유창연;

한국약용작물학회지, 2016. vol.24. 3, pp.214-221 crossref(new window)
Aso, H., F. Suzuki, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Hayashi, T. Ebina, and N. Ishida. 1985. Induction of interferone and activation of NK cells and macrophages in mice by oral administration of Ge-12, and organic germanium compound. Microbiol. Immunol. 29:65-74. crossref(new window)

Bernstein, L.R. 1985. Germanium geochemisry and mineralogy. Geochim. Comochim. Acta 49:2409-2422. crossref(new window)

Cheon, Y.S. 2010. Development of rice cultivation methods in paddy field for production of functional rice with germanium. Master Thesis. Gyeongsang National University of Education. Korea.

Dakley, W.M. and B.E. Volcani. 1969. Role of silicon in diatom metabolism. A silicon requirement for deoxyribonucleic remann and lewin. Exptl. Cell. Res. 58:334-339. crossref(new window)

Dimartino, M.J. 1986. Antiarthritic and immunoregulatory activity of spirogermanium. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 236:103- 110.

Ho, C.C., Y.F. Cherm, and M.T. Lin. 1990. Effects of organogermanium compound 2-carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide on cardiovascular function motor activity in rats. Pharmacology 41:286-291. crossref(new window)

Hwang, S.H. 2008. Effect of organic and inorganic germanium on growth and its uptake of rice in paddy soil condition. Master Thesis. Gyeongsang National University of Education. Korea.

Jang, J,J., K.J. Cho, Y.S. Lee, and J.H. Bae. 1991. Modifying responses of allyl surfide, indole-3-carbinol and germanium in a rat multi-organ carcinogenesis model. Carcinogenesis 12:691-695. crossref(new window)

Kang, S.W., D.C. Seo, W.T Jeon, S.J. Kang, S.T Lee, H.H. Sung, I.W. Choi, U.G. Kang, H.O. Kim, J.S. Heo, and J.S. Cho. 2011. Growth characteristics and germanium absorption of brasica juncea C. with different types of germanium compounds in hydroponic cultivation. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44:465-472. crossref(new window)

Kang, Y.K. and Z.K. U. 1999. Nitrogen recovery of foliar applied urea by satsuma mandarins. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 32:132-139.

Kehlbeck, H. 1983. New germanium containing yeast for medicinal and veterinary use. Deutsch Patent DE. 3345211.

Kim, J.J., J.N. Kim, J.S. Cho, J.S. Heo, and S.T. Yee. 2009. Oral single-dose toxicity studies on germanium-fortified lettuce, in mouse. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 28:59-68. crossref(new window)

Lee, H.M. and Y. Chung. 1991. Effect of organic germanium on metallothionein induction in liver and kidney of cadmium and mercury intoxicated rats. Yakhak Hoeji. 35:99-110.

Lee, M.S., J.H. Lee, T.O. Kwon, and S.B. Namkoong. 1995. Increment of germanium of concents in Angelica Keiskei Koidz and Panax ginseng C.A Meyer by in vitro propagation. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 24:404-408.

Lee, S.T., Y.H. Lee, H.J. Lee, J.S. Cho, and J.S. Heo. 2005a. Germanium contents of soil and crops in gyeongnam province. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 24:34-39. crossref(new window)

Lee, S.T., Y.H. Lee, Y.J. Choi, S.D. Lee, C.H. Lee, and J.S. Heo. 2005b. Growth characteristics and germanium absorptionin rice plant with different germanium concentrations in soil. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 24:40-44. crossref(new window)

Lee, Y.H., Y.H. Shon, S.T. Lee, J.Y. Heo, M.K. Kim, E.S. Kim, W.D. Song, Y.S. Zhang, W.T. Jeon, and Y.S. Ok. 2012. Topographical chemical properties of paddy soils in gyeongnam province. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 45:143-148. crossref(new window)

Lim, J.S., D.C. Seo, W.Y. Park, Y.S. Cheon, S.T. Lee, J.S. Cho, and J.S. Heo. 2008. Effects of soil texture on germanium uptake and growth in rice plant by soil application with germanium. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 27:245-252. crossref(new window)

Matsumoto. H., S. Syo, and E. Takahashi. 1975. Translocation and some forms ofn germanium in rice plants. Soil Sci. Plnat Nutr. 21:273-279. crossref(new window)

Merian, E. 1991. Metal and their compounds in the environment: VCH. Weinheim. 921-929.

Mochizuki, H. and T. Kada, 1982. Antimutagenic effect of Ge-132 on $\gamma$-ray-induced mutation in Escherchia coli B/rWP2 trp-. Int. J. Radiat. Biol.42:653-659. crossref(new window)

NAAS. 2006. Fertilizer application recommendations for crop plant. National Academy of Agricultural Science. RDA. Suwon. Korea.

NIAST. 2000. Methods of soil chemical analysis. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology. RDA. Suwon. Korea.

Nobohiro, W., I. Osamu, K. Dakuro, and Y. Koichi. 1980. New approaches to using spent brewer' yeast. ASBC Journal 38:5.

Obara, K., T. Saito, H. Sato, K. Yamakage, T. Watanabe, M. Kakizawa, T. Tsukamoto, K. Kobayashi, M. Hongo, and K. Yoshinaga. 1991. Germanium poisoning; clinical symptoms and renal damage caused by long-term intake of germanium. Jpn. J. Med. 30:67-72. crossref(new window)

Park, B.W., J.H. Lee, and T.O. Kwon. 1996. Effects of $GeO_{2}$ and citric acid on germanium content of callus and plant in Angelica koreana MAX. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 4:101-108.

Seo, D.C., Y.S. Cheon, S.K. Park, J.H. Park, A.R. Kim, W.K. Lee, S.T. Lee, Y.H. Lee, J.S. Cho, and J.S. Heo. 2010. Applications of different types of germanium compounds on rice plant growth and its Ge uptake. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43:166-173.

Song, S.J., Y.R. Kim, S.G. Han, and Y.G. Kang. 2006. Foliar absorption rates of 45Ca-labeled calcium compounds applied on tomato and citrus leaves. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 39:80-85.

Suzuki, F., R.R. Brutkiewicz, and R.B. Pollard. 1986. Cooperation of lymphokine (s) and marcophages in expression of antitumor activity of carboxyethyl germanium (Ge-132). Antitumor Res. 62:177-182.

Suzuki, Y. and K. Taguchi. 1983. Pharmacological studies of carboxyethyl germanium sesquioxide (Ge-132). Pharmacometrics 26:803-810.

Wei, X.S. 1992. Effect of yeast on bioenrichment of germanium. Food Science 149:49-54.