JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Yield of Green Manure and Nitrogen of Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus L.) in Different Upland Soil Textures
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Yield of Green Manure and Nitrogen of Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus L.) in Different Upland Soil Textures
Cho, Hyeoun-Suk; Seong, Ki-Yeung; Park, Tae-Seon; Seo, Myung-Chul; Jeon, Weon-Tai; Kang, Hang-Won; Lee, Hye-Jin;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Experiments were conducted to find out the landscape effects and green manure production at the same time in farmland. Cornflower was grown in different soil texture with sand, sandy loam, loam, clay loam, and was sowing with autumn and spring respectively. The overwintering rate of cornflower was at 58.7% in average, and the treatment at sand soil showed 62.1% that was highest among other soils, which cornflower is possible to winter landscape crop. After flowering of cornflower, the contents of total nitrogen (T-N) and total carbon (T-C) in plant were 15.0 and , respectively, and the carbon-nitrogen ratio (C/N) was 28.6. The yield of cornflower biomass, which will be returned to soil as green manure, recorded at the spring seeding higher than the autumn seeding as , and the biomass treated by soil texture were showed that the treatments at the clay loam had been the largest yields both spring and autumn seeding among at other treatment of soil. The heights of cornflower regardless of soil treatments were 52.8 to 73.6 cm at the autumn seeding and 35.5 to 79.2 cm at the spring seeding although it was more significant variation at the soil textures than the seeding periods. The flowering periods of cornflower ranged from to in May at the autumn seeding and from to in June at the spring seeding, which was faster 30 days approximately at the autumn seeding than the spring seeding. In a view of the cornflower application as green manure after flowering, the autumn seeding, when considered to combine with following crops, was more suitable and various than the spring seeding, even though the yield at spring seeding was higher than one at autumn seeding.
 Keywords
Green manure crop;Landscape;Yield;Cornflower;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
지역에 따른 식재가 가든멈 네 가지 품종의 생육에 미치는 영향,이규민;남유경;

인간식물환경학회지, 2014. vol.17. 4, pp.281-285 crossref(new window)
1.
Effects of Different Planting Locations on the Growth of Four Cultivars of Garden Mum(Dendranthema grandiflorum), Journal of Korea Society for Plants People and Environment, 2014, 17, 4, 281  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Allison, F.E. 1966, The fate of nitrogen applied to soils Adv. Agron, 18:219-258. crossref(new window)

2.
Cho, H.S., W.Y. Park, K.Y. Seong, C.G. Kim, T.S. Park, and J.D. Kim. 2011. Effect of green manure barley and hairy vetch on soil characteristics and rice yield in paddy, CNU J. Agricul. Sci. 38(4):703-709, in Korea.

3.
http://www.kma.go.kr. 2012, Weather

4.
http://www.naver.com. 2012, Cornflower, Wikipedia Dictionary

5.
http://www.mifaff.go.kr. 2011, Landscape Conservation Direct Payment

6.
Jeon, W.T., K.Y. Seong, M.T. Kim, G.J. Oh, I.S. Oh, and U.G. Kang. 2010. Changes of soil physical properties by glomalin concentration and rice yield using different green manure crops in paddy, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43(2): 119-123, in Korea.

7.
MFAFF (Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries). 2009. Selection of barley varieties for replacing imported seeds of green manure crops and identification of effects on environment friendly agriculture. 190 pp. in Korea.

8.
NIAST. 2000. Analytical methods of soil and plant. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon, Korea.

9.
RDA (Rural Development Administration). 2003. Standard measurement and analysis in agricultural research and development, RDA, Suwon, Korea.

10.
RDA (Rural Development Administration) 2009. Studies on landscape crops of east coast area in gangwon province(3th ed.), Rural Development Administration, Suwon, Korea, 73p.

11.
Ryoo, J.W. 2008. Growth characteristics and green anure productivities of hairy vetch and woolly pod vetch under different sowing seasons in the highland area. Korean J. Org. Agr. 16(4):409-420, (in Korean).

12.
Seo, J.H., H.J. Lee, I.B. Hur, S.J. Kim, C.K. Kim, and H.S. Jo, 2000a. Comparisons of chemical composition and forage yield among winter green manure crops, Korean grass Sci. 20(3): 193-198, (in korean).

13.
Seo, J.H., H.J. Lee, and S.J. Kim. 2000b. Changes of green manure and nitrogen yield of hairy vetch according to seeding date in autumn, Korean. J. Crop Sci. 45(6): 400-404, (in korean.)

14.
Seo, J.H., H.J. Lee, S.J. Kim, and I.B. Hur. 1998. Nitrogen release from hairy vetch(vicia villosa Roth) Residue in relation to different tillages and plant groeth stage, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 31(2):137-142, (in Korean).

15.
Park, S.T., W.T. Jeon, M.T Kim, K.Y. Sung, J.H. Ku, I.S. OH, B.K. Lee, Y.H. Yoon, J.K. Lee, K.H. Lee, and J.H. Yu. 2008. Understanding of environmental friendly agriculture and rice production using green manure crops RDA, NICS, Sammi, Suwon, 20-21, (in Korean).

16.
Yang, C.H., J.H. Ryu, T.K. Kim, S.B. Lee, J.D. Lee, N.H. Beak, W.Y. Choi, and S.J. Kim. 2009, Effect of green manure crops Incorporation with rice cultivation on soil fertility improvement in paddy field, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 42(5):371-378, (in Korean).