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Comparison between Siderophores Production by Fungi Isolated from Heavy Metals Polluted and Rhizosphere Soils
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 Title & Authors
Comparison between Siderophores Production by Fungi Isolated from Heavy Metals Polluted and Rhizosphere Soils
Hussein, Khalid A.; Joo, Jin Ho;
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Although siderophores are induced primarily in response to iron deficiency, soil and other ecological factors can affect on this process. This study was to evaluate the production of siderophores by different fungal species isolated from heavy metal contaminated and uncontaminated soils. More than thirty fungal strains were isolated from heavy metal contaminated and rhizosphere uncontaminated soils. Chrome azurol sulfonate (CAS) was used for both quantitative and qualitative evaluation of siderophores production. No significant correlations were observed between the tested variables such as ultraviolet (UV) irradiation method and CAS-agar plate and heavy metal concentration in both soils. The production of siderophores in rhizosphere fungi was higher than those isolated from the contaminated soil; however, the difference was not significant. The siderophore production (%) by fungi isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil using UV irradiation method was positively correlated with the qualitative values using CAS-plate method (P<0.05). Pearson correlation test indicated a positive correlation between the quantitative and qualitative methods of detection for fungi isolated from rhizosphere and also those isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil.
Siderophore;Heavy metal;Fungi;Rhizosphere soil;Chrome azurol sulfonate;
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