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Effects of Supplementation of Mixed Methanogens and Rumen Cellulolytic Bacteria on Biochemical Methane Potential with Pig Slurry
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Supplementation of Mixed Methanogens and Rumen Cellulolytic Bacteria on Biochemical Methane Potential with Pig Slurry
Kim, Ji-Ae; Yoon, Young-Man; Jeong, Kwang-Hwa; Kim, Chang-Hyun;
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 Abstract
The study investigated the biochemical methane potential (BMP) assay of pig slurry supplemented with mixed methanogens and cellulolytic bacteria to improve anaerobic digestion for methane production. For the BMP assay, 7 different microbial supplementation groups consisted of the cultures of mixed methanogens (M), Fibrobacter succinogenes (FS), Ruminococcus flavefaciensn (RF), R. albus (RA), RA+FS, M+RA+FS, and control. The cultures were added in the batch reactors with the increasing dose levels of 1% (0.5 mL), 3% (1.5 mL) and 5% (2.5 mL). Incubation for the BMP assay was carried out for 60 days at using anaerobic digestate obtained from an anaerobic digester with pig slurry as inoculum. In results, 5% RF and RA+FS increased total biogas up to 8.1 and 8.4%, respectively, compared with that of control (p<0.05). All 5% microbial culture supplements significantly increased methane production up to 12.1~17.9% compared with that of control (p<0.05). Total solid (TS) and volatile solid (VS) digestion efficiencies showed no relationship to the increased supplementation levels of microbial cultures. After incubation, pH values in all treatment groups ranged between 7.527 and 7.657 indicating that methanogensis was not inhibited during the incubation. In conclusion, the results indicated that both hydrolysis and methanogenesis stages for methane production in anaerobic batch reactors were influenced by the supplemented microorganisms due to the chemical characteristics of pig slurry, but only the 5% supplementation level of all microbial culture supplements used in the experiment affected methane production.
 Keywords
BMP (biochemical methane potential);Methanogens;Rumen cellulolytic bacteria;Pig slurry;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
2단 혐기성소화조의 슬러지 반송율 변화를 통한 Bio-Gas 생산 증대,권구호;이태우;정용준;민경석;

Journal of Environmental Science International, 2014. vol.23. 6, pp.1061-1066 crossref(new window)
1.
The Improvement of Bio-gas Production through the Change of Sludge-Recycle Ratio with Two-Stage Anaerobic Digestion, Journal of Environmental Science International, 2014, 23, 6, 1061  crossref(new windwow)
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