Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Physiological Responses of Tomato Plants and Soil Microbial Activity in Salt Affected Greenhouse Soil
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Physiological Responses of Tomato Plants and Soil Microbial Activity in Salt Affected Greenhouse Soil
Sung, Jwakyung; Lee, Suyeon; Nam, Hyunjung; Lee, Yejin; Lee, Jongsik; Almaroai, Yaser A.; Ok, Yongsik;
  PDF(new window)
Crop productivity decreases globally as a result of salinization. However, salinity impact on greenhouse-grown crops is much higher than on field-grown crops due to the overall concentrations of nutrients in greenhouse soils. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the short-term changes in growth, photosynthesis, and metabolites of tomato plants grown in greenhouse under heavily input of fertilizers evaluated by microbial activity and chemical properties of soils. The soils (< 3, 3.01~6, 6.01~10 and > 10.01 dS ) from farmer`s greenhouse fields having different fertilization practices were used. Results showed that the salt-accumulated soil affected adversely the growth of tomato plants. Tomato plants were seldom to complete their growth against > 10.0 dS level of EC. The assimilation rate of from the upper fully expanded leaves of tomato plants is reduced under increasing soil EC levels at 14 days, however; it was the highest in moderate or high EC-subjected (3.0 ~ 10.0 dS ) at 28 days. In our experiment, soluble sugars and starch were sensitive markers for salt stress and thus might assume the status of crops against various salt conditions. Taken together, tomato plants found to have tolerance against moderate soil EC stress. Various EC levels (< 3.0 ~ 10.0 dS ) led to a slight decrease in organic matter (OM) contents in soils at 28 days. Salinity stress led to higher microbial activity in soils, followed by a decomposition of OM in soils as indicated by the changes in soil chemical properties.
Electric conductivity;Organic acids;Soluble sugars;Microbial activity;Tomato;
 Cited by
Abd El-Azeem, S.A.M., M.W.M. Elwan, J.K. Sung, and Y.S. Ok. 2012. Alleviation of salt stress in Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) by plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 43:1303-1315. crossref(new window)

Alarcon, J.J., M.J. Sanchez-Blanco, M.C. Bolann, and A. Torrecillas. 1994. Growth and osmotic adjustment of two tomato cultivars during and after saline stress. Plant Soil 166: 75-82. crossref(new window)

Al-Rawahy, S.A., J.L. Stroehlein, and M. Pessarakli. 1992. Dry matter yield and nitrogen-15, $Na^{+}$, Cl- and $K^{+}$ content of tomatoes under sodium chloride stress. J. Plant Nutr. 15: 341-358. crossref(new window)

Awada, S., W.F. Campbell, L.M. Dudley, J.J. Jurinak, and M.A. Khan. 1995. Interactive effects of sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, calcium sulfate, and calcium chloride on snapbean growth, photosynthesis, and ion uptake. J. Plant Nutr. 18: 889-900. crossref(new window)

Balibrea, M.E., J.D. Amico, M.C. Bolarin, and F. Perez-Alfocea. 2000. Carbon partitioning and sucrose metabolism in tomato plants growing under salinity. Physiol. Plantarum 110: 503-511. crossref(new window)

Bolarin, M.C., F.G. Femandez, V. Cruz, and J. Cuartero. 1991. Salinity tolerance in four wild tomato species using vegetative yield salinity response curves. J. Am. Soc. Horti. Sci. 116: 286-290.

Chen, Z., X.S. Zhang, H.Y. Zhang, P. Christie, X.L. Li, D. Horlacher, and H. Liebig. 2004. Evaluation of current fertilizer practice and soil fertility in vegetable production in the Beijing region. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 69: 51-58. crossref(new window)

Cruz, V. and J. Cuartero. 1990. Effects of salinity at several developmental stages of six genotypes of tomato (Lycopersicon spp.). In: Cuartero, J., M. L. Gomez-Guillamon, and R. Fernandez-Munoz (Eds.), Eucarpia Tomato 90, Proc. XIth Eucarpia Meeting on Tomato Genetics and Breeding. Malaga, Spain, pp. 81-86.

Dumbroff, E.B. and A. W. Cooper. 1974. Effects of salt stress applied in balanced nutrient solutions at several stages during growth of tomato. Bot. Gazette 135: 219-224. crossref(new window)

El-Shourbagy, M.N. and A. M. Ahmed. 1975. Responses of two varieties of tomato to abrupt and gradual short-period sodium chloride exposure. Plant Soil 42: 255-271. crossref(new window)

Feigin, A., E. Pressman, P. Imas, and O. Miltau. 1991. Combined effects of KNO3 and salinity on yield and chemical composition of lettuce and Chinese cabbage. Irrig. Sci. 12: 223-230.

Gao, Z. and M. Sagi and S.H. Lips. 1998. Carbohydrate metabolism in leaves and assimilate partitioning in fruits of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) as affected by salinity. Plant Sci. 135: 149-159. crossref(new window)

Greenway, H. and R. Munns. 1980. Mechanism of salt tolerance in nonhalophytes. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 31: 149-190. crossref(new window)

Hanson, A.D. and W.D. Hitz. 1982. Metabolic responses of plant water deficit. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 33: 163-203. crossref(new window)

Hansen, E.H. and D.N. Munns. 1988. Effect of $CaSO_{4}$ and NaCl on mineral content of Leucaena leucocephala. Plant Soil 107: 101-105. crossref(new window)

Hocking, P.J. and B.T. Steer. 1994. The distribution and identity of assimilates in tomato with special reference to stem reserves. Ann. Bot. 73: 315-324. crossref(new window)

Janzen, H. H. and C. Chang. 1987. Cation nutrition of barley as influenced by soil solution composition in a saline soil. Can. J. Soil Sci. 67: 619-629. crossref(new window)

Jung, K., Y.S. Ok, and S.X. Chang. 2011. Sulfate adsorption properties of acid-sensitive soils in the Athabasca oil sands region in Alberta, Canada. Chemosphere 84:457-463. crossref(new window)

Khan, A.H., M.Y. Ashraf, and A.R. Azmi. 1990. Effect of sodium chloride on growth and nitrogen metabolism of sorghum. Acta Physiol. Plant 12: 233-238.

Lissner, J., H.H. Shierup, F.A. Comin, and V. Astorga. 1999. Effect of climate on the salt tolerance of two Phragmites australis populations. I. Growth, inorganic solutes, nitrogen relations and osmoregulation. Aquat. Bot. 64: 317-333. crossref(new window)

Martinez, V., J.M. Nunez, A. Ortiz, and A. Cerda. 1994. Changes in amino acid and organic acid composition in tomato and cucumber plants in relation to salinity and nitrogen nutrition. J. Plant Nutr. 17: 1359-1368. crossref(new window)

Mass, E.V. and G.J. Hoffman. 1977. Crop salt tolerance - Current assessment. J. Irr. Drainage Div. 103; 115-134.

Matoh, T., N. Matsushita, and E. Takatashi. 1988. Salt tolerance of the reed plant Phragmites communis. Physiol. Plantarum 72: 8-14. crossref(new window)

Morgan, J.M. 1992. Osmotic components and properties associated with genotypic differences in osmoregulation in wheat. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 19: 67-76. crossref(new window)

Peng, Y.-H., Y.-F. Zhu, Y.-Q. Mao, S.-M. Wang, W.-A. SU, and Z.-C. Tang. 2004. Alkali grass resists salt stress through high [$K^{+}$] and an endodermis barrier to $Na^{+}$. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 939-949. crossref(new window)

Perez-Alfocea, F., M.T. Estan, M. Caro, and G. Guerrier. 1993. Osmotic adjustment in Lycopersicon esculentum and L. Pennellii under NaCl and polyethylene glycol 6000 iso-osmotic stresses. Physiol. Plantarum 87: 493-498. crossref(new window)

Puntamkar, S.S., K. Kant, and S.K. Mathur. 1988. Effect of different proportions of Ca and K to Na in saline water on yield and uptake of cations in pearl millet. Trans. Indian Soc. Desert Technol. and Univ. Centre Desert Stud. 13: 91-95.

Ok, Y.S., S.X. Chang, and Y.S. Feng. 2007. Sensitivity to acidification of forest soils in two watersheds with contrasting hydrological regimes in the oil sands region of Alberta. Pedosphere 17:747-757. crossref(new window)

Rengasamy, P. 1987. Importance of calcium in irrigation with saline-sodic water-A viewpoint. Agric. Water Manage. 12: 207-219. crossref(new window)

Rural Development Administration. 1988. Method of Soil Chemical Analysis. National Academy of Agricultural Science. Korea.

Sacher, R.F. and R.C. Staples. 1985. Inositol and sugars in adaptation of tomato to salt. Plant Physiol. 77: 206-210. crossref(new window)

Seemann, J.R. and C. Critchley. 1985. Effect of salt stress on the growth, ion content, stomatal behavior and photosynthetic capacity of salt-sensitive species, Phaseolus vulgaris L. Planta 164: 151-162. crossref(new window)

Sharma, S.K. 1996. Effects of salinity on uptake and distribution of Na+, Cl- and K+ in two wheat cultivars. Biol. Plant 38: 261-267. crossref(new window)

Sharpley, A.N., J.J. Meisinger, J.F. Power, and D.L. Suarez. 1992. Root extraction of nutrients associated with long-term soil management. In: (B. Stewart, ed.) Advances in Soil Science. Vol. 19. Berlin:Springer-Verlag. 151-217.

Sonneveld, C. 2000. Effects of salinity on substrate grown vegetables and ornamentals in greenhouse horticulture. Thesis Wageningen University, Netherlands. pp151.

Tong, Y.W. and D.F. Chen. 1991. Study on the cause and control of secondary saline soils in greenhouse. Acta Hort. Sin. 18: 159-161.

Vasquez, E.A., E.P. Glenn, J.J. Brown, G.R. Guntenspergen, and S.G. Nelson. 2005. Salt tolerance underlies the cryptic invasion of North American salt marshes by an introduced haplotype of the common reed Phragmites australis (Poaceae). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 298: 1-8. crossref(new window)

Xu, F.L., Y.L. Liang, C.E. Zhang, S.N. Du, and Z.J. Chen. 2004. Effect of fertilization on distribution of nitrate in cucumber and soil in sunlight greenhouse. Plant Nutr. Fert. Sci. 10: 68-72.

Yang, J.E., W.Y. Lee, Y.S. Ok, and J. Skousen. 2009. Soil nutrient bioavailability and nutrient content of pine trees (Pinus thunbergii) in areas impacted by acid deposition in Korea. Environ. Monit. Assess. 157: 43-50. crossref(new window)

Yeo, A.R., K.S. Lee, P. Izard, P.J. Bourssier, and T.J. Flowers. 1991. Short- and long-term effects of salinity on leaf growth in rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Exp. Bot. 42: 881-889. crossref(new window)

Yin, Y.G., Y. Kobayashi, A. Sanuki, S. Kondo, N. Fukuda, H. Ezura, S. Sugaya, and C. Matsukura. 2010. Salinity induces carbohydrate accumulation and sugar-regulated starch biosynthetic genes in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. cv. 'Micro-Tom') fruits in an ABA- and osmotic stress-independent manner. J. Exp. Bot. 61 (2): 563-574. crossref(new window)