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Effects of Soil Amendments on the Early Growth and Heavy Metal Accumulation of Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis Jusl. in Heavy Metal-contaminated Soil
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Soil Amendments on the Early Growth and Heavy Metal Accumulation of Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis Jusl. in Heavy Metal-contaminated Soil
Kim, Min-Suk; Koo, Namin; Kim, Jeong-Gyu; Yang, Jae-E.; Lee, Jin-Su; Bak, Gwan-In;
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There have been many studies about efficiency of amendments for heavy metal stabilization through chemical assessment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of several soil amendments (lime, agric-lime, dolomite, steel slag, fly ash and acid mine drainage sludge) on heavy metals stabilization through not only chemical but also biological assessments (phytotoxicity test) in abandoned mining area soil. In order to achieve the goal, we conducted preliminary screening experiment targeting 12 types of crop plants such as radish, young radish, chinese cabbage, winter grown cabbage, cabbage, bok choy, chicory, crown daisy, carrot, chives, spinach, and spring onion. The results of inhibition rates of early plant growth in metal-contaminated soil against non-contaminated soil and the correlations between inhibitions items showed that the bok choy was appropriate specie with respect to confirm the effect of several amendments. Several amendment treatments on contaminated soil brought about the changes in the root and shoot elongation of bok choy after 1 week. Agric-lime, dolomite and steel slag treatments showed the great efficiency of reducing on mobility of heavy metals using chemical assessment. But in contrary, these treatments resulted in the reduction of root and shoot elongation and only AMD sludge increased that of elongation, significantly. When considering both chemical and biological assessments, AMD sludge could be recommended the compatible amendment for target contaminated soil. In conclusion, biological assessment was also important aspect of decision of successful soil remediation.
Heavy metal;AMD sludge;Phytotoxicity;Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis Jusl.;
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