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Evaluation of Soil and Fertilizer Management Techniques Applied by Farmers in Forcing and Semi-forcing Cucumber Cultivation Facilities
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 Title & Authors
Evaluation of Soil and Fertilizer Management Techniques Applied by Farmers in Forcing and Semi-forcing Cucumber Cultivation Facilities
Lee, Ju-Young; Jang, Byoung-Choon; Sung, Jwa-Kyung; Lee, Su-Yeon; Kim, Rog-Young; Lee, Ye-Jin; Park, Yang-Ho; Kang, Sung-Soo; Hyun, Byung-Keun;
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 Abstract
These days, agricultural products cultivated in facilities occupy the highest percentage of agricultural output price. Specifically cucumbers have been one of the crops that farmers prefer to growing, because their prices were high. However, cucumber crop is sensitive to the soil and environments and it requires the exact crop management. In order to establish cultivation techniques for cucumbers, the current situation of cucumber cultivation was surveyed from ten cucumber farmlands; five farmlands of cucumber cultivation in forcing and five of semi-forcing practicing systems, respectably. The soil conditions were alluvial or valley in soil topology, moderately or poorly drainage in soil drainage classes, coarse loamy in soil texture family. Soil was managed with deep plowing combined with application of basal fertilizers such as compost, rice straw, oil cake, wood chip and chemical fertilizer. The whole soil was prepared in uniformly with rotary. Three major nutrients ()of basal application were 815-464-529 kg in forcing and 197-135-151 kg in semi-forcing cultivation. Top dressing of fertilizer was supplied in fertigation system of macro and micro elements in 2~3 day interval with water irrigation. The average yields of cucumbers were with 381,000 thousand won in average gross profit (AGP) in forcing cultivation and with 177,000 thousand won in AGP in semi-forcing cultivation. Cucumber production during the winter season was considered to increase the gross profit because cucumber price tends to stay in high level during this time. The accumulation of soil chemicals like EC, available and exchangeable cations could be controlled by rice straw application. The rice straw application increased soil temperature during the winter season, in exchange of soil air, and in extension of plant roots. In addition, the rice straw application somewhat affected decrease of salts accumulation.
 Keywords
Cucumber cultivation;Soil and fertilizer management;Rice straw application;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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Changes of Chemical Properties and Correlation under No-tillage Silt Loam Soil with Ridge Cultivation of Plastics Film Greenhouse Condition, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2015, 48, 3, 170  crossref(new windwow)
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