JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Water-soaking and Mechanical and Chemical Scarifications on Seed germination of Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa Roth)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Water-soaking and Mechanical and Chemical Scarifications on Seed germination of Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa Roth)
Kim, Min-Tae; Lee, Yong-Hwan; Jeon, Weon-Tai; Kim, Sook Jin; Yun, Da-Hae; Ku, Ja-Hwan; Song, Hana; Lee, Hyeon Bok; Seo, Myung Chul; Kang, Hang-Won;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Seed coat of hairy vetch is very thick and hard, and difficult to absorb water during germination. It requires much time that cotyledon comes out from seed coat. Therefore this experiment was carried out to increase the germination rate by enhancing water absorption through water-soaking of seed, chemical scarification by sulfuric acid, and mechanical scarification on seed coat. Water-soaking for 5 hours seemed to be highly effective in enhancing germination rate. Although not significant, water-soaking resulted in increase of germination rate by 9%. Effect of soaking temperature was not significant, but early germination rate was increased to be 5.0%, 31.7% and 48.3% at , and , respectively. Mechanical scarification of seed coat led to a germination rate of 97% whereas intact seed showed that of 65%. Chemical scarification by sulfuric acid for 10min, 20min and 30min resulted in a germination rate of 76.7%, 74.7% and 96.0% respectively. It is clear that scarification increased germination rate.
 Keywords
Hairy vetch;Seed soaking;Scarification;Seed germination;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
저장 및 발아 온도조건에 따른 황기 종자의 발아 특성,최재후;이재근;성은수;유지혜;김철중;이기혜;안영섭;박충범;임정대;유창연;

한국약용작물학회지, 2013. vol.21. 6, pp.461-465 crossref(new window)
2.
특산식물 말오줌나무와 노랑말오줌나무의 종자발아 및 분화묘 재배특성,이수광;이동준;김효연;구자정;

한국산림과학회지, 2014. vol.103. 3, pp.359-367 crossref(new window)
3.
자귀풀(Aeschynomene Indica L.) 종자의 휴면타파 처리가 발아에 미치는 영향,오양열;이수환;김영주;정진태;류진희;김선;정진;배희수;이상훈;김영두;홍하철;김선림;

한국국제농업개발학회지, 2015. vol.27. 5, pp.663-666 crossref(new window)
1.
The Germination Characteristics of Seed by Storage and Germination Temperature in Astragalus membranaceus, Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, 2013, 21, 6, 461  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Characteristics of Seed Germination and Potted Seedlings Growth of Endemic Species, Sambucus sieboldiana var. pendula and Sambucus sieboldiana for. xanthocarpa, Journal of Korean Forest Society, 2014, 103, 3, 359  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Bevilacqua, L.R., F.Fossati, and G. Dondero.1987. 'Callose' in the impermeable seed coat of Sesbsnia punicea. Ann. Bot. 59:335-341.

2.
Choi, C.H., W.S. Tak, and T.S. Kim. 2006. Effects of Several Pre-treatments on Seed Germination of sophora japonica L. Korean J. Plant. 19:580-585.

3.
Choi, C.H. and B.S. Seo. 2009. Effect of Soaking and Prechilling Treatment on Seed Germination of phellodendron amurense Rupr. Korean J. Plant. 22(2).

4.
Choi, B.H, B.H. Hong, K.H. Kang, J.H. Kim and S.H. Kim, 1991, Seed Science, Hyang Mon Press, Seoul, Korea, pp. 190-199.

5.
Doo, H.S., W.J. Baek, and J.H. Ryu. 2001. Effects of Scarification and Soaking Treatment on Germination of Sword Bean Seed. Korean J. Crop Sci. 46(3):165-169: 111-115.

6.
ISTA. 2006. International Rules for Seed Testing. International Seed Testing Association.

7.
Im, M.H., B.W. Kim, Y.S. Park, S.Y. Yang, C.E. Song, and B. G. Heo. 2012. Effects of Scarification, Temperature and Sulfuric Acid Treatments on Seed Germination of White Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera). Korean J. Plant. 25(1):7-13. crossref(new window)

8.
Kim, S.H., M.H. Chang, J.I. Chung, and S.I. Shim. 2009. Effects of Scarification and Water Soaking Treatment on Germination of Hard-Seeded Legumes. Korean J. Crop Sci. 53(3):320-326.

9.
Lee, K.S. 2001. Effects of Temperature and Sulfuric acid treatment on the Germination of Hovenia dulcis thunb. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 9(2) : 166-172.

10.
Mayer, M.A. and Y. Shain. 1974. Control of seed germination. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 25 : 167-193. crossref(new window)

11.
Park, C.M., H.S. Choi, and C.H. Choi. 2012. Effects of Storage, Temperature and Pre-treatments on Germination of Melia azedarach L. Seed. Korean J. Plant. 25(1):14-23. crossref(new window)

12.
Scowcroft, P.G. 1978. Germination of Sophora chrysophylla in-creased by presowing treatment. Forest Service, UDSA Berkeley. CA.

13.
Scowcroft, P.G. 1981. Regeneration of mamane: effects of seed coat treatment and sowing depth. For. Sci. 27:771-779.