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Biological Control of Root-knot Nematode by Lysobacter capsici YS1215
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 Title & Authors
Biological Control of Root-knot Nematode by Lysobacter capsici YS1215
Lee, Yong-Sung; Park, Yun-Suk; Kim, Sun-Bae; Kim, Kil-Yong;
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The experiments were carried out to investigate the biocontrol potential of Lysobacter capsici YS1215 on root-knot nematode and to characterize its lytic enzyme activities. L. capsici YS1215 showed chitinase and gelatinase activities on the medium containing 0.5% chitin or 0.5% gelatin as substrates. Cell growth of L. capsici YS1215 was highest at 6 days, and the highest activities of chitinase (4.0 unit ) and gelatinase (7.43 unit ) were observed on 3 and 5 days after incubation, respectively. To investigate the effect of L. capsici YS1215 on tomato growth and nematode infection, the plants in pot trial were treated with bacterial culture (BC), half of bacterial culture (HBC), only bacterial medium (BM), tap water (TW) and commercial nematicide (CN). HBC treatd plants showed the higher shoot fresh weight and dry weight on week after incubation while BM, HBC and BC had consistently higher values than TW at week. HBC appeared to be the highest shoot fresh length at week. Both CN and BC showed lower number of egg mass, root gall, and population of juveniles in soil compared to BC, HBC, BM and TW. These results suggest that L. capsici YS1215 with its strong ability of lytic enzyme production can be one of the most significant candidates for biocontrol agents against root-knot nematodes.
Biological control;Lysobacter capsici YS1215;Root-knot nematodes;Chitinase;Gelatinase;
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