JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Estimation of the Optimum Installation Depth of Soil Moisture Sensor in an Automatic Subsurface Drip Irrigation System for Greenhouse Cucumber
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Estimation of the Optimum Installation Depth of Soil Moisture Sensor in an Automatic Subsurface Drip Irrigation System for Greenhouse Cucumber
Lim, Tae-Jun; Kim, Ki-In; Park, Jin-Myeon; Noh, Jae-Seung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Vegetables production in greenhouse are typically intensely managed with high inputs of fertilizers and irrigation water, which increases the risk of ground-water nitrate contamination. In 2010 and 2011, a study was conducted to determine the appropriate depth of soil moisture sensor for automatic irrigation control to use water and nitrogen efficiently under subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) systems. The irrigation line for SDI placed 30 cm below soil surface and tensiometer was used as soil moisture sensor. Three tensiometer treatments placed at 10 (SDI-T10), 20 (SDI-T20) and 30 cm (SDI-T30) depths below soil surface under SDI. These are also compared to SUR-T20 treatment where tensiometer placed at 20 cm below soil surface under surface drip irrigation (SUR) systems. The growth of cucumber was not statistically different between SUR and SDI without SDI-T30 treatment. Fruit yields (Mg/ha) were 57.0 and 56.9 (SDI-T10), 56.0 and 60.5 (SDI-T20), 40.9 and 41.2 (SDI-T30) and 56.6 and 54.3 (SUR-T20) for 2010 and 2011, respectively. Slightly higher total yield was observed in tensiometer placed 20 cm below the soil surface, although no significant differences were found between SDI-T10 and SDI-T20 under SDI treatments. In addition, nitrogen application rates and daily irrigation rates were lowest in SDI-T20 compared with other SDIs and SUR treatments. Nitrogen and daily irrigation application under SDI-T20 was lower than that under SUR-T20 by 6.0%. These findings suggested tensiometer 20 cm depth under SDI systems was best for cucumber production in greenhouse.
 Keywords
Subsurface drip irrigation;Tensiometer;Soil depth;Cucumber;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Al-Omran, A.M., A.S. Sheta, A.M. Falatah, and A.R. Al- Harbi. 2005. Effect of drip irrigation on squash (Cucurbita pepo) yield and water use efficiency in sandy calcareous soils amended with clay deposits. Agric. Water Manage. 73: 43-55. crossref(new window)

2.
Ayars, J.E., C.J. Phene, R.B. Hutmacher, K.R. Davis, R.A. Schoneman, S.S. Vail, R.M. Mead. 1999. Sursurface drip irrigation of row crops: a review of 15 years of research at the Water Management Research Laboratory. Agric. water management. 42:1-27. crossref(new window)

3.
Blass, S. 1971. rip irrigation. In: Drip (trickle) and automated irrigation in Israel. Water Commissioners Office, Ministry of Agriculture, Tel Aviv, Israel. 1: 10-28.

4.
Bucks, D.A., L.J. Erie, O.F. French, F.S. Nakayama, and W.D. Pew. 1981. Subsurface trickle irrigation management with multiple cropping. Trans ASAE. 24:1482-1489. crossref(new window)

5.
Camp, C.R. 1998. Subsurface drip irrigation: a review. Trans. ASAE. 41(5): 1353-1367. crossref(new window)

6.
Camp C.R., P.J. Bauer, and P.G. Hunt. 1997. Subsurface drip irrigation lateral spacing and management for cotton in the southeastern coastal plain. Trans. ASAE. 40(4):993-999. crossref(new window)

7.
Dogan, E., H. Kirnak, K. Berekatoglu, L. Bilgel, and A. Surucu. 2008. Water stress imposed on muskmelon (Cucumis Melo L.) with subsurface and surface drip irrigation systems under semi-arid climatic conditions. Irrig. Sci. 26:131-138. crossref(new window)

8.
Enciso, J., J. Jifon, and B. Wiedenfeld. Subsurface drip irrigation of onions: Effects of drip tape emitter spacing on yield and qualty. Agric. Water Manage. 92:126-130.

9.
Gericke, S. and B. Kurmies. 1952. Die kolorimetrische phosphorsaurebestimmung mit ammonium-vandat-molybdat und ihre anwendung bei der pflanzenanalyse. Z. Pflanzenernahrung, Dungung und Bodenkunde. 59, 235-247.

10.
Hanson, B.R., L.J. Schwankl, and K.F. Schulbach. 1997. A comparison of furrow, surface drip, and subsurface drip irrigation on lettuce yield and applied water. Agric. Water Manage. 33:139-157. crossref(new window)

11.
IPET. 2012. Research and development trends about agricultural utilization of seawater against the era of water shortages. p. 1-10. Korea Institute of Planning and Evalution for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fishers. Seoul, Korea.

12.
Kong, Q., G. Li, Y. Wang, and H. Huo. 2012. Bell pepper response to surface and subsurface drip irrigation under different fertigation levels. Irrig. Sci. 30: 233-245. crossref(new window)

13.
Kwon, O.S., T.H. Lee, and J.H. Heo. 2009. Valuation of irrigation water: A chance-constrained programming approach. Journal of Korea Water Resources Association. 42(4):281-295. crossref(new window)

14.
Lamn, F.R. and T.P. Trooien. 2003. Subsurface drip irrigation for corn productivity: a review of 10 years of research in Kansas. Irrig. Sci. 22:195-200. crossref(new window)

15.
Machado, R.M.A., M.R.G. Oliveira, and C.A.M. Portas. 2003. Tomato root distribution, yield and fruit quality under subsurface drip irrigation. Plant and soil. 255:333-341. crossref(new window)

16.
Martinez Hernandez, J.J., B. Bar-Yosef, and U. Kafkafi. 1991. Effect of surface and subsurface drip fertigation on sweet corn rooting, uptake, dry matter production and yield. Irrig. Sci. 1991. 12:153-159.

17.
MIFAFF. 2011. Greenhouse status and production performance of vegetables in 2010. p. 59-73. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Seoul, Korea.

18.
Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers. 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. p. 961-1010. In D.L. Sparks (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 3. SSSA Book Series No5. SSSA and ASA. Madison, WI.

19.
NIAST. 2000. Method of soil and plant analysis, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology. Rural Development Administration, Suwon, Korea.

20.
Oliveira, M.R.G., A.M. Calado, and C.A.M. Portas. 1996. Tomato root distribution under drip irrigation. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121(4):644-648.

21.
Phene, C.J., K.R. Davis, R.B. Hutmacher, B. Bar-Yosef, D.W. Meek, and J. Misaki. 1991. Effect of high frequency surface and surface drip irrigation on root distribution of sweet corn. Irrig. Sci. 12:135-140.

22.
Phene, C.J., K.R. Davis, R.B. Hutmacher, and R.L. McCormick. 1987. Advnatages of subsurface drip irrigation for processing tomatoes. Acta Horticulture. 200: 101-113.

23.
Park, J.M., T.J. Lim, and S.E. Lee. 2012. Effect of subsurface drip pipes spacing on the yield of lettuce, irrigation efficiency, and soil chemical properties in greenhouse cultivation. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 45:683-589. crossref(new window)

24.
Zhuge, Y.P., X.D. Zhang, Y.L. Zhang, L.I. Jun, L.J. Yang, Y. Huang, and M.D. Liu. 2004. Tomato root response to subsurface drip irrigation. Pedosphere. 14: 205-212.

25.
Zotarelli, L., M.D. Dukes, J.M. Scholberg, T. Hanselman, K.L. Femminella, and R. Munoz-Carpena. 2008. Nitrogen and water use efficiency of zucchini squash for a plastic mulch bed system on a sandy soil. Sci. Hortic. 116:8-16. crossref(new window)