JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Differences in Tree Growth and Nutrient Absorption of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and Date Plum (D. lotus) Seedlings
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Differences in Tree Growth and Nutrient Absorption of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and Date Plum (D. lotus) Seedlings
Choi, Seong-Tae; Park, Doo-Sang; Kim, Sung-Chul; Kang, Seong-Mo;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
D. kaki and D. lotus are used as rootstocks for astringent persimmons in Korea but characteristics of their seedlings have not been determined. In this experiment, their seeds were sown in 3-L pots on April 18 and the seedlings were grown until October 24. Growth and nutrient absorption were compared at the end of the season after destructively harvesting the seedlings. Seedling growth of D. lotus was much faster than that of D. kaki in terms of total stem length, stem diameter, and number of leaves. However, chlorophyll value and specific leaf weight were higher in D. kaki than in D. lotus. Dry weight of D. lotus was 3.6- and 3.7-fold higher than that of D. kaki in above-ground parts and the root, respectively. D. kaki seedlings were characterized by higher concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg in the leaves, stem, or the root. However, total contents of the elements were 1.8- to 3.7-fold higher in a D. lotus seedling due to its greater dry weight. Since D. lotus seedlings absorbed more inorganic elements on a tree basis and grew more vigorously than D. kaki seedlings, the level of fertilization for astringent persimmons should be adjusted depending on rootstocks to maintain the trees at the optimum vigor.
 Keywords
Diospyros kaki;Diospyros lotus;Persimmon;Rootstock;Nutrient absorption;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ahmed, H.S., and M.Y. Al-Shurafa. 1984. Effect of rootstocks on the leaf mineral content of citrus. Sci. Hort. 23:163-168. crossref(new window)

2.
Autio, W.R. 1991. Rootstocks affect ripening and other qualities of 'Delicious' apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116:378-382.

3.
Choi, S.T., S.T. Kim, D.S. Park, and S.M. Kang. 2008. Tree growth and physiological fruit drop of 'Hachiya' persimmon on D. kaki and D. lotus rootstocks. Acta Hort. 772:345-349.

4.
Daza, A., P.A. Garcia-Galavis, M.J. Grande, and C. Santamaria. 2008. Fruit quality parameters of 'Pioneer' Japanese plums produced on eight different rootstocks. Sci. Hort. 118:206-211. crossref(new window)

5.
Fallahi, E. 2012. Influence of rootstock and irrigation methods on water use, mineral nutrition, growth, fruit yield, and quality in 'Gala' apple. HortTechnology 22:731-737.

6.
Ferree, D.C. and R.F. Carlson. 1987. Apple rootstock, p. 107-114. In: R.C. Rom and R.F. Carlson (eds.). Rootstocks for fruit crops. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA.

7.
Giordani, E. and S. Nin. 2013. Evolution and challenges of persimmon production in Italy after one hundred years of cultivation. Acta Hort. 996:29-41.

8.
Gyeviki, M., K. Hrotko, and P. Honfi. 2012. Comparison of leaf population of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) trees on different rootstocks. Sci. Hort. 141:30-36. crossref(new window)

9.
Hodgson, R.W. 1939. Rootstocks for the oriental persimmon. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 37:338-339.

10.
Larsen, F.E., S.S. Higgins, and C.A. Dolph. 1992. Rootstock influence over 25 years on yield, yield efficiency and tree growth of cultivars 'Delicious' and 'Golden Delicious' apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Sci. Hort. 49:63-70. crossref(new window)

11.
Li, F., S. Cohen, A. Naor, K. Shaozong, and A. Erez. 2002. Studies of canopy structure and water use of apple trees on three rootstocks. Agr. Water Management 55:1-14. crossref(new window)

12.
Morita, Y., T. Nishida, and E. Oguro. 1952. Studies on physical properties of soils in relation to fruit growth. III. Soil moisture and growth (5). Relation between soil moisture and oxygen decrease in the soil atmosphere under the growing of peach and persimmon (D. lotus Linn.) seedlings. J. Japan. Hort. Soc. Sci. 20:158-165. crossref(new window)

13.
NIAST (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology). 2000. Analytical methods of soil and plant. NIAST, RDA, Suwon, Korea.

14.
Ogata, R., K. Goto, T. Kunisawa, and R. Harada, 1986. Productivity and fruit quality of four apple cultivars on three different rootstocks and at different planting densities. Acta Hort. 160:97-104.

15.
RDA (Rural Development Administration). 2001. Standard agricultural manual - persimmon growing. RDA, Suwon, Korea. p. 79.

16.
Schroeder, C.A. 1950. Rootstock influence on fruit-set in the Hachiya persimmon. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 50:149-150.

17.
Tworkoski, T. and S. Miller. 2007. Rootstock effect on growth of apple scions with different growth habits. Sci. Hort. 111:335-343. crossref(new window)

18.
Yamada, M. 2008. Persimmon propagation, orchard planting, training and pruning in Japan. Adv. Hort. Sci. 22:269-273.

19.
Yonemori, K., A. Sugiura, and M. Yamada. 2000. Persimmon genetics and breeding. Plant Breeding Rev. 19:191-225.