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Emission of NO2 Gas Causing Damage to Plants in an Acid Soil under Conditions Favorable for Denitrification
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 Title & Authors
Emission of NO2 Gas Causing Damage to Plants in an Acid Soil under Conditions Favorable for Denitrification
Suh, Sun-Young; Byeon, Il-Su; Lee, Yong-Se; Chung, Jong-Bae;
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Nitrogen dioxide () gas damage on vegetable crops commonly occurs in plastic film houses where relatively large amounts of are applied in acid soils. In acid soils, can be formed from the accumulated during denitrification, and can be evolved from the chemical self-decomposition of . In this study, gas production and its detrimental effects on plants were investigated in soils of various conditions to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the gas production. A silty loam soil was amended with (500 mg N ) and glucose, and pH and moisture of the soil were adjusted respectively to 5.0 and 34.6% water holding capacity (WHC) with 0.01 M phosphate buffer. The soil was placed in a 0.5-L glass jar with strawberry leaf or gas absorption badge in air space of the jar, and the jar was incubated at . After 4-5 days of incubation, dark burning was observed along the outside edge of strawberry leaf and production was confirmed in the air space of jar. However, when the soil was sterilized, emission was minimal and any visible damage was not found in strawberry leaf. In the soil where water or content was reduced to 17.3% WHC or 250 mg N , production was greatly reduced and toxicity symptom was not found in strawberry leaf. Also in the soil where glucose was not amended, production was significantly reduced. In soil with pH of 6.5, was evolved to the level causing damage to strawberry leaf when the soil conditions were favorable for denitrification. However, compared to the soil of pH 5.0, the production and its damage to plants were much less serious in pH 6.5. Therefore, the production of damaging plants might be occurred in acid soils when the conditions are favorable for denitrification.
Acid soil;Denitrification;Nitrogen dioxide;Nitrate;Nitrite self-decomposition;
 Cited by
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