JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Suboptimal Nutritional Status on Mineral Uptake and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Tomato Plants
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Suboptimal Nutritional Status on Mineral Uptake and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Tomato Plants
Sung, Jwakyung; Lee, Sangmin; Lee, Suyeon; Kim, Rogyoung; Lee, Yejin; Yun, Hongbae; Ha, Sangkeun; Song, Beomheon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A suitable supply of mineral elements into shoot via a root system from growth media makes plants favorable growth and yield. The shortage or surplus of minerals directly affects overall physiological reactions to plants and, especially, strongly influences carbohydrate metabolism as a primary response. We have studied mineral uptake and synthesis and translocation of soluble carbohydrates in N, P or K-deficient tomato plants, and examined the interaction between soluble carbohydrates and mineral elements. Four-weeks-old tomato plants were grown in a hydroponic growth container adjusted with suboptimal N ( and ), P (), and K () for 30 days. The deficiency of specific mineral element led to a significant decrease in its concentration and affected the concentration of other elements with increasing treatment period. The appearance of the reduction, however, differed slightly between elements. The ratios of N uptake of each treatment to that in NPK sufficient tomato shoots were 4 (N deficient), 50 (P deficient), and 50% (K deficient). The P uptake ratios were 21 (N deficient), 19 (P deficient), and 28% (K deficient) and K uptake ratios were 11 (N deficient), 46 (P deficient), and 7% (K deficient). The deficiency of mineral elements also influenced on carbohydrate metabolism; soluble sugar and starch was substantially enhanced, especially in N or K deficiency. In conclusion, mineral deficiency leads to an adverse carbohydrate metabolism such as immoderate accumulation and restricted translocation as well as reduced mineral uptake and thus results in the reduced plant growth.
 Keywords
Mineral;Carbohydrate;mineral deficiency;Tomato;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Source-Sink Partitioning of Mineral Nutrients and Photo-assimilates in Tomato Plants Grown under Suboptimal Nutrition,;;;;;;

한국토양비료학회지, 2013. vol.46. 6, pp.652-658 crossref(new window)
2.
Physiological Responses to Mineral-Excessive Conditions: Mineral Uptake and Carbohydrate Partitioning in Tomato Plants,;;;;;;

한국토양비료학회지, 2014. vol.47. 6, pp.563-570 crossref(new window)
1.
Source-Sink Partitioning of Mineral Nutrients and Photo-assimilates in Tomato Plants Grown under Suboptimal Nutrition, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2013, 46, 6, 652  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Physiological Responses to Mineral-Excessive Conditions: Mineral Uptake and Carbohydrate Partitioning in Tomato Plants, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2014, 47, 6, 563  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Ariovich, D., and C. F. Cresswell. 1983. The effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on starch accumulation and net photosynthesis in two variants of Panicum maximum. Jacq. Plant Cell Environ. 6: 657-664. crossref(new window)

2.
Behboudian, M. H., and D. R. Anderson. 1990. Effect of potassium deficiency on water relations and photosynthesis of tomato plants. Plant and Soil. 127: 137-139. crossref(new window)

3.
Beringer, H. and H. E. Haeder. 1981. Influence of potassium nutrition on starch synthesis in barley grains. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenernähring Bodenkunde. 144: 1-7. crossref(new window)

4.
Besford, R. T. 1978a. Effect of replacing nutrient potassium by sodium on uptake of and distribution of sodium in tomato plants. Plant Soil 50: 399-409. crossref(new window)

5.
Besford, R. T. 1978b. Effect of sodium in the nutrient medium on the incidence of potassium-deficiency symptoms in tomato plants. Plant Soil 50: 427-432. crossref(new window)

6.
Cakmak, I., C. Hengeler, and H. Marschner. 1994. Changes in phloem export of sucrose in leaves in response to phosphorus, potassium and magnesium deficiency in bean plants. J. Exp. Bot. 45: 1251-1257. crossref(new window)

7.
Ciereszko, I. and A. Barbachowska. 2000. Sucrose metabolism in leaves and roots of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) during phosphate deficiency. J. Plant Physiol. 156: 640-644. crossref(new window)

8.
Ciereszko, I., A. Gniazdowska, M. Mikulska, and A. M. Rychter. 1996. Assimilate translocation in bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) during phosphate deficiency. J. Plant Physiol. 149: 343-348. crossref(new window)

9.
Ciereszko, I., H. Johansson, and L. A. Kleczkowski. 2005. Interactive effects of phosphate deficiency, sucrose and light/dark conditions on gene expression of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in Arabidopsis. J. Plant Physiol. 162: 343-353. crossref(new window)

10.
de Groot, C. C., L. F. M., Marcelis, R. van der Boogaard, W. M. Kaiser, and H. Lambers. 2003a. Interaction of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrition in determining growth. Plant Soil 248: 257-268. crossref(new window)

11.
de Groot, C. C., R. van der Boogaard, L. F. M., Marcelis, J. Harbinson, and H. Lambers. 2003b. Contrasting effects of N and P deprivation on regulation of photosynthesis in tomato plants in relation to feedback limitation. J. Exp. Bot. 54: 1957-1967. crossref(new window)

12.
Epstein, E. and A. J. Bloom. 2005. Mineral nutrition of plants: Principles and Perspectives, 2nd ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA.

13.
Evans, J. R. and H. Poorter. 2001. Photosynthetic acclimation of plants to growth irradiance: the relative importance of specific leaf area and nitrogen partitioning in maximizing carbon gain. Plant Cell Environ. 24: 755-767. crossref(new window)

14.
Guidi, L., G. Lorefice, A. Pardossi, F. Malorgio, F. Tognoni, and G. F. Soldatini. 1997. Growth and photosynthesis of Lycopersicon esculentum (L.) plants as affected by nitrogen deficiency. Biologia Plantarum 40: 235-244. crossref(new window)

15.
Hell, R. and H. Hillebrand. 2001. Plant concepts for mineral acquisition and allocation. Curr. Opin. Biotechno. 12: 161-168. crossref(new window)

16.
Huber, S. C. and T. Akazawa. 1986. A novel sucrose synthase pathway for sucrose degradation in cultured sycamore cells. Plant Physiol. 81: 1008-1013. crossref(new window)

17.
Kanai, S., K. Ohkura, J. J. Adu-Gyamfi, P. K. Mohapatra, N. T. Nguyen, H. Saneoka, and K. Fujita. 2007. Depression of sink activity precedes the inhibition of biomass production in tomato plants subjected to potassium deficiency stress. J. Exp. Bot. 2007: 2917-2928.

18.
Marschner, A. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic Press, San Diego, CA

19.
Mengel, K. 1980. Effect of potassium on the assimilate conduction of storage tissue. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft. 93: 353-362.

20.
Mengel, K. and M. Viro. 1974. Effect of potassium supply on the transport of photosynthates to the fruits of tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum). Physiol. Plantarum. 30: 295-300. crossref(new window)

21.
Paul, M. J. and S. P. Driscoll. 1997. Sugar repression of photosynthesis: the role of carbohydrates in signaling nitrogen deficiency through source:sink imbalance. Plant Cell Environ. 20: 110-116. crossref(new window)

22.
Paul, M. J. and M. Stitt. 1993. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus deficiencies on levels of carbohydrates, respiratory enzymes and metabolites in seedlings of tobacco and their response to exogenous sucrose. Plant Cell Environ. 16: 1047-1057. crossref(new window)

23.
Pujos, A. and P. Morard.1997. Effect of potassium deficiency on tomato growth and mineral nutrition at the early production stage. Plant Soil 189: 189-196. crossref(new window)

24.
Rufty, T. W., S. C. Huber, and R. J. Volk. 1988. Alterations in leaf carbohydrate metabolism in response to nitrogen stress. Plant Physiol. 88: 725-730. crossref(new window)

25.
Wang, C., and J. E. Tillberg. 1997. Effects of short-term phosphorus deficiency on carbohydrate storage in sink and source leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare). New Phytol. 136: 131-135. crossref(new window)

26.
William, T. P. 1999. Potassium deficiency increases specific leaf weights and leaf glucose levels in field-grown cotton. Agronomy J. 91: 962-968. crossref(new window)

27.
Zhao, D., D. M. Oosterhuis, and C. W. Bednarz. 2001. Influence of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, and chloroplast ultra-structure of cotton plants. Photosynthetica. 39: 103-109. crossref(new window)