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Changes in Phytoavailability of Cadmium, Copper, Lead, and Zinc after Application with Eggshell in Contaminated Agricultural Soil
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 Title & Authors
Changes in Phytoavailability of Cadmium, Copper, Lead, and Zinc after Application with Eggshell in Contaminated Agricultural Soil
Kim, Rog-Young; Yang, Jae E.;
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Agricultural soils surrounding mine areas in South Korea are often contaminated with multiple metals such as Cd, Pb and Zn. It poses potential risks to plants, soil organisms, groundwater, and eventually human health. The aim of this study was to examine the changes in phytoavailability of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn after application with calcined eggshell (CES; 0, 1, 3, and 5% W/W) in an agricultural soil contaminated by mine tailings. The contents of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in soils were 8.79, 65.4, 1602, and (aqua regia dissolution), respectively. The experiments were conducted with lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia) grown under greenhouse conditions during a 30-d period. solution was used to examine the mobile fraction of these metals in soil. The application of CES dramatically increased soil pH and inorganic carbon content in soil due to CaO and of CES. The increased soil pH decreased the mobile fraction of Cd, Pb, Zn: from 3.49 to < for Cd, from 79.4 to for Pb, and from 29.6 to for Zn with increasing treatment of CES from 0 to 5%. In contrast, the mobile fraction of Cu was increased from 0.05 to , probably due to the formation of soluble and Cu-organic complex. This changes in the mobile fraction resulted in a diminished uptake of Cd, Pb and Zn by lettuce and an increased uptake of Cu: from 4.19 to < dry weight (DW) for Cd, from 0.78 to < DW for Pb, and from 133 to DW for Zn and conversely, from 3.79 up to DW for Cu. The increased contents of Cu in lettuce shoots did not exceed the toxic level of > DW. The mobile contents of these metals in soils showed a strong relationship with their contents in plant roots and shoots. These results showed that CES effectively reduced the phytoavailability of Cd, Pb, and Zn to lettuce but elevated that of Cu in consequence of the changed binding forms of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in soils. Based on these conclusions, CES can be used as an effective immobilization agent for Cd, Pb and Zn in contaminated soils. However, the CES should be applied in restricted doses due to too high increased pH in soils.
Immobilization;Lettuce;Mobile content;Mine areas;;
 Cited by
Evaluation of the Feasibility of Phytoremediation of Soils Contaminated with Cd, Pb and Zn using Sunflower, Corn and Castor plants,;;;;;;

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