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Crop Residues Management for Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Saline-Sodic Soil
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 Title & Authors
Crop Residues Management for Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Saline-Sodic Soil
Ahmed, Khalil; Qadir, Ghulam; Jami, Abdul-Rehman; Rafa, Hafeezullah; Mehmood, Muhammad Aamer; Han, Kyung-Hwa; Ibrahim, Muhammad;
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 Abstract
Series of field experiments were conducted to evaluate the long term effect of gypsum and crop residue on crop yield and soil health in rice-wheat crop rotation system in salt affected soil. A saline-sodic field having (electrical conductivity of the saturation extract) 4.77 (); pH () 8.96; SAR 43.78 () and gypsum requirement (G.R.) 2.86 (Mg ) was selected on Soil Salinity Research Institute Farm. Five treatments consisting of () control, () gypsum at 100% G.R., () gypsum at 25% G.R. + wheat straw at , () gypsum at 25% G.R. + rice straw at , () gypsum at 25% G.R.+ rice and wheat straw at were replicated four times under completely randomized block design. The data indicated that grain and straw yield of rice and wheat was significantly (P<0.05) increased by all the amendments used either single or in combination. (gypsum at 100% G.R.) significantly (P<0.05) increased grain and straw yield of rice and wheat crops followed by (gypsum at 25% G.R. + wheat straw at ) when compared with control. Soil properties were also improved by used amendments, pronounced decreased in , and SAR were recorded in followed by . The efficiency of the treatments could be arranged in following order gypsum at 100% G.R.> gypsum at 25% G.R. + wheat straw at > gypsum at 25% G.R. + rice and wheat straw at > gypsum at 25% G.R. + rice straw at > control.
 Keywords
Crop residues;Gypsum;Soil amendments;Wheat-rice crop rotation;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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