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Effects of Long-Term Fertilization on Microbial Diversity in Upland Soils Estimated by Biolog Ecoplate and DGGE
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Long-Term Fertilization on Microbial Diversity in Upland Soils Estimated by Biolog Ecoplate and DGGE
An, Nan-Hee; Lee, Sang-Min; Cho, Jung-Rai; Lee, Byung-Mo; Shin, Jae-Hun; Ok, Jung-Hun; Kim, Seok-Cheol;
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Organic amendment practices can influence diversity and activities of soil microorganisms. There is a need to investigate this impact compared with other types of materials. This study was carried out to evaluate the long term effects of chemical and organic fertilizer on soil microbial community in upland field. During the last 11 years green manure, rice straw compost, rapeseed cake, pig mature compost, NPK, and NPK + pig mature compost were treated in upland soil. Organic fertilizer treatment found with high bacterial colony forming units (CFUs) as compared to chemical and without fertilizer treatment. There was no significant difference in the actinomycetes and fungal population. The average well color development (AWCD) value was the highest in green manure and, the lowest in without fertilizer treatment. Analyses based on the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profile showed that rice straw compost and pig mature compost had a similar banding pattern while rapeseed cake, NPK, NPK + pig mature compost and without fertilizer treatment were clustered in another cluster and clearly distinguished from green manure treatment. Bacterial diversity can be highly increased by the application of organic fertilizer while chemical fertilizer had less impact. It can be concluded that green manure had a beneficial impact on soil microbial flora, while, the use of chemical fertilizer could affect the soil bacterial communities adversely.
Microbial diversity;Upland soil;Long-term fertilization;Ecoplate;DGGE;
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신규 유기농경지 토양의 유기물 공급이 토양 미생물군집에 미치는 영향,안난희;옥정훈;조정래;신재훈;남홍식;김석철;

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