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Carbon Footprint and Mitigation of Vegetables Produced at Open Fields and Film House using Life Cycle Assessment
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 Title & Authors
Carbon Footprint and Mitigation of Vegetables Produced at Open Fields and Film House using Life Cycle Assessment
Lee, Deog Bae; Jung, Sun Chul; So, Kyu Ho; Kim, Gun Yeob; Jeong, Hyun Cheol; Sonn, Yeon Gyu;
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 Abstract
This study was carried out to find out major factors to mitigate carbon emission using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). System boundary of LCA was confined from sowing to packaging during vegetable production. Input amount of agri-materials was calculated on 2007 Income reference of white radish, chinese cabbage and chive produced at open field and film house published by Rural Development Administration. Domestic data and Ecoinvent data were used for emission factors of each agri-material based on the 1996 IPCC guideline. Carbon footprint of white radish was 0.19 kg at open fields, 0.133 kg at film house, that of chinese cabbage was 0.22 kg at open fields, 0.19 kg at film house, and that of chive was 0.66 kg at open fields and 1.04 kg at film house. The high carbon footprint of chive was related to lower vegetable production and higher fuel usage as compared to white radish and Chinese cabbage. The mean proportion of carbon emission was 35.7% during the manufacturing byproduct fertilizer; white radish at open fields was 50.6%, white radish at film house 13.1%, Chinese cabbage at outdoor 38.4%, Chinese cabbage at film house 34.0%, chive at outdoor 50.6%, and chive at film house 36.0%. Carbon emission, on average, for the step of manufacturing and combustion accounted for 16.1% of the total emission; white radish at open fields was 4.3%, white radish at film house 15.6%, Chinese cabbage at open fields 6.9%, Chinese cabbage at film house 19.0%, chive at open fields 12.5%, and chive at film house 29.1%. On the while, mean proportion of carbon footprint for the step of emission was 29.2%; white radish at open fields was 39.2%, white radish at film house 41.9%, Chinese cabbage at open fields 34.4%, Chinese cabbage at film house 23.1%, chive at open fields 28.8%, and chive at film house 17.1%. Fertilizer was the primary factor and fuel was the secondary factor for carbon emission among the vegetables of this study. It was suggested to use Heug-To-Ram web-service system, http://soil.rda.go.kr, for the scientific fertilization based on soil testing, and for increase of energy efficiency to produce low carbon vegetable.
 Keywords
White radish;Chinese cabbage;Chive;Life Cycle Assessment;Carbon footprint;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
'탄소발자국' 개념의 발전 과정과 농림 부문에서의 활용 전망,최성원;김학영;김준;

한국농림기상학회지, 2015. vol.17. 4, pp.358-383 crossref(new window)
1.
Development of 'Carbon Footprint' Concept and Its Utilization Prospects in the Agricultural and Forestry Sector, Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2015, 17, 4, 358  crossref(new windwow)
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