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Effects of Rapid Temperature Change on Growth Response and Yield of Garlic in Greenhouse with Thermostat Control System in Jeonnam Province
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Rapid Temperature Change on Growth Response and Yield of Garlic in Greenhouse with Thermostat Control System in Jeonnam Province
Lee, Kyung Dong;
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The garlic cultivation area is moved by change of grown environment due to global warming. It is important to predict changes in cultivation area, quantity and quality of each crop. This study was carried out to estimate the yield and response of garlic growth by the rapid temperature changes in the greenhouse with thermostat control system. Seedlings of Namdo garlic were planted on September 27, 2012 and harvested on May 30, 2013. The used treatments for a rapid temperature change in March-April-May were T0 (control): , T1: , T2: and T3: . Total dried weight per plant of garlic significantly increased by 5.0% for T2, but T1 and T3 decreased by 12.5 and 4.6%, respectively, compared to T0. Total yields of bulb within the temperature change as T2 and T0 increased significantly (p<0.05), as compared to T1. Decreasing temperature significantly (p<0.05) reduced plant height, SPAD reading, crude protein and fiber contents etc., as compared to T0 and T2. ABA contents gradually increased with time but IAA content rapidly decreased. Conclusively, growth and yield of garlic were more affected by decreased temperature than increased temperature at bulb development stage.
Climate change;Garlic;Yield;Physiological response;
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