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Effect of Rice Straw Application on Yield of Whole Crop Barley and Change in Soil Properties under Upland Condition in Saemangeum Reclaimed Tidal Land
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Rice Straw Application on Yield of Whole Crop Barley and Change in Soil Properties under Upland Condition in Saemangeum Reclaimed Tidal Land
Lee, Su-Hwan; Shin, Pyeong; Bae, Hui-Su; Lee, Jang-Hee; Oh, Yang-Yeol; Lee, Sang-Hun; Rho, Tae-Hwan; Song, Beom-Heon; Cho, Jae-Yeong; Lee, Kyoung-Bo; Lee, Keon-Hui; Park, Ki-Hoon;
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Newly reclaimed tidal land is known to be in low status of soil fertility. The incorporation of crop residue is an effective method to improve soil properties and fertility in reclaimed saline soils. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of rice straw (RS) application to improve physico-chemical properties of saline-sodic soil and its contribution to productivity of whole crop barley. Increasing rate of rice straw improved growth parameter related to yield of whole crop barley, which increased tiller number significantly (p<0.05).The yield increased by 15% (F.W) and 9% (D.W) in rice straw-amended plots. The content of soil organic matter (SOM) in the surface soil (0-20cm) with rice straw incorporation increased by 5~9% (RS 2.5~RS 7.5) compared to RS 0, in which the content of SOM decreased after two consecutive cultivations. Rice straw incorporation promoted soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient-availability of the test crop, as indicated in change in soil bulk density, porosity and increased nutrient uptake of plant. Especially, the P content and uptake of whole crop barley increased with increasing the rate of rice straw application. In conclusion, the rice straw application at rates of in reclaimed saline soils effectively improved soil properties and crop productivity, which has potentials to reduce the loss of chemical fertilizers and facilitate the favorable condition for crop growth under adverse soil condition.
Reclaimed saline soil;Rice straw;Soil organic matter;Nitrogen;Phosphorus;
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