Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Mineral-Based Slow Release Fertilizers: A Review
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Mineral-Based Slow Release Fertilizers: A Review
Noh, Young Dong; Komarneni, Sridhar; Park, Man;
  PDF(new window)
Global population is expected to reach nine billion in 2050 and the total demand for food is expected to increase approximately by 60 percent by 2050 as compared to 2005. Therefore, it is important to increase crop production in order to meet the global demand for food. Slow release fertilizers have been developed and designed in order to improve the efficiency of fertilizers. Mineral-based slow release fertilizers are useful because the minerals have a crystalline structure and are environmentally friendly in a soil. This review focuses on slow release fertilizers based on montmorillonite, zeolite, and layered double hydroxide phases as a host for nutrients, especially N. Urea was successfully stabilized in the interlayer space of montmorillonite by the formation of urea-Mg or Ca complex, protecting its rapid degradation in soils. Naturally occurring zeolites occluded with ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate by molten salt treatment could be used as slow release fertilizer because the occlusion process increased the capacity of zeolites to store nutrients in addition to exchangeable cations. Additionally, surface-modified zeolites could also be used as slow release fertilizer because the modified surface showed high affinity for anionic nutrients such as nitrate and phosphate. Moreover, there were attempts to develop and use synthetic layered double hydroxide as a carrier of nitrate because it has positively charged layers which electrostatically bond nitrate anions. Kaolin was also tested by combining with a polymer or through the mechanical-chemical process for slow release of nutrients.
Slow-release fertilizer;Montmorillonite;Zeolite;Layered double hydroxide;Kaolin;
 Cited by
Isolation of Antifungal Compound and Biocontrol Potential of Lysobacter antibioticus HS124 against Fusarium Crown Rot of Wheat, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2016, 49, 4, 393  crossref(new windwow)
Adetunji, M.T. 1994. Nitrogen application and underground water contamination in some agricultural soils of South Western Nigeria. Fertil. Res. 37:159-163. crossref(new window)

Alexandratos, N., and J. Bruinsma. 2012. World agriculture towards 2030/2050, the 2012 revision. ESA Working Paper No. 12-03, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). pp. 23-51.

Allen, E.R., L. Hossner, D. Ming, and D. Henninger. 1996. Release rates of phosphorus, ammonium, and potassium in clinoptilolite-phosphate rock systems. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 60:1467-1472. crossref(new window)

Allen, E.R., L.R. Hossner, D.W. Ming, and D.L. Henninger. 1993. Solubility and cation exchange in phosphate rock and saturated clinoptilolite mixtures. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 57:1368-1374. crossref(new window)

Bansiwal, A.K., S.S. Rayalu, N.K. Labhasetwar, A.A. Juwarkar, and S. Devotta. 2006. Surfactant-modified zeolite as a slow release fertilizer for phosphorus. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54:4773-4779. crossref(new window)

Bortolin, A., F.A. Aouada, L.H.C. Mattoso, and C. Ribeiro. 2013. Nanocomposite PAAm/Methyl Cellulose/Montmorillonite Hydrogel: Evidence of Synergistic Effects for the Slow Release of Fertilizers. J. Agric. Food Chem. 61:7431-7439. crossref(new window)

Charette, M.A., P.B. Henderson, C.F. Breier, and Q. Liu. 2013. Submarine groundwater discharge in a river-dominated Florida estuary. Mar. Chem. 156:3-17. crossref(new window)

De Roy, A., C. Forano, and P. Besse. 2001. Layered double hydroxides: synthesis and postsynthesis modification. p. 1-39. In: Rives, V. (ed.), Layered Double Hydroxides: Present and Future. Nova Science Publisher Inc., New York.

Eturki, S., F. Ayari, N. Jedidi, and H. Ben Dhia. 2012. Use of clay mineral to reduce ammonium from wastewater. Effect of various parameters. Surf. Eng. Appl. Electrochem. 48:276-283. crossref(new window)

Gillman, G.P., and A.D. Noble. 2005. Environmentally manageable fertilizers: a new approach. Environ. Qual. Manag. 15:59-70. crossref(new window)

Govind, C.S. 1979. Controlled-release Fertilizers and horticultural Applications, Sci. Hortic. 11:107-129. crossref(new window)

Gruener, J.E., D.W. Ming, K.E. Henderson, and C. Galindo. 2003. Common ion effects in zeoponic substrates: Wheat plant growth experiment. Micro. Meso. Mater. 61:223-230. crossref(new window)

Guo, M.Y., M.Z. Liu, R. Liang, and A.Z. Niu. 2006. Granular urea-formaldehyde slow-release fertilizer with superabsorbent and moisture preservation. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 99:3230-3235. crossref(new window)

Halajnia, A. S. Oustan, N. Najafi, A.R. Khataee, and A. Lakzian. 2013. Adsorption-desorption characteristics of nitrate, phosphate and sulfate on Mg-Al layered double hydroxide. Appl. Clay Sci. 80-81:305-312. crossref(new window)

Ippolito, J.A., D.D. Tarkalson, and G.A. Lehrsch. Zeolite soil application method affects inorganic nitrogen, moisture, and corn growth. Soil Sci. 176:136-142.

Khan, A., and D. O'Hare. 2002. Intercalation chemistry of layered double hydroxide: recent developments and applications. J. Mater. Chem. 12:3191-3198. crossref(new window)

Kim, K.S., M. Park, W.T. Lim, and S. Komarneni. 2011. Massive Intercalation of Urea in Montmorillonite. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 75:2361-2366. crossref(new window)

Kim, K.S., M. Park, C.L. Choi, D.H. Lee, Y.J. Seo, C.Y. Kim, J.S. Kim, S.I. Yun, H.M. Ro, and S. Komarneni. 2011. Suppression of $NH_3$ and $N_2O$ emissions by massive urea intercalation in montmorillonite. J. Soils Sediments 11:416-422. crossref(new window)

Komarneni, S., Q.H. Li, and R. Roy. 1996. Microwave-hydrothermal processing of layered anion exchangers. J. Mater. Res. 11:1866-1869. crossref(new window)

Komarneni, S., B.L. Newalkar, D. Li, and T. Gheyi. 2003. Anionic clays as potential slow release fertilizers: nitrate ion exchange. J.Porous Mater. 10:243-248. crossref(new window)

Lee, W.F., and Y.C. Chen. 2005. Effect of intercalated reactive mica on water absorbency for poly (sodium acrylate) composite superabsorbents. Eur. Polym. J. 41:1605-1612. crossref(new window)

Liang, R., M.Z. Liu, and L. Wu. 2007. Controlled release NPK compound fertilizer with the function of water retention. React. Funct. Polym. 67:769-779. crossref(new window)

Li, Z. 2003. Use of surfactant-modified zeolite as fertilizer carriers to control nitrate release. Micro. Meso. Mater. 61:181-188. crossref(new window)

Mcgilloway, R., R. Weaver, D. Ming, and J.E. Gruener. 2003. Nitrification in a zeoponic substrate. Plant Soil 256:371-378. crossref(new window)

Mortland, M.M. 1966. Urea complexes with montmorillonite: An infrared absorption study. Clay Miner. 6:143-156. crossref(new window)

Mortvedt, J.J. 1987. Cadmium levels in soils and plants from some long-term soil fertility experiments in the United States. J. Environ. Qual. 16:137-142.

Mumpton, F.A. 1999. La roca magica: Uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:3463-3470. crossref(new window)

Ni, B., M. Liu, S. Lu, L. Xie, and Y. Wang. 2010. Multifunctional slow-release organic-inorganic compound fertilizer. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58:12373-12378. crossref(new window)

Park, M., C.Y. Kim, D.H. Lee, C.L. Choi, J. Choi, S.R. Lee, and J.H. Choi. 2004. Intercalation of magnesium-urea complex into swelling clay. J. Phys. Chem. Solids 65:409-412. crossref(new window)

Park, M., and S. Komarneni. 1997. Occlusion of KNO3 and $NH_4NO_3$ in natural zeolits. Zeolites 18:171-175. crossref(new window)

Park, M., and S. Komarneni. 1998. Ammonium nitrate occlusion vs. nitrate ion exchange in natural zeolites. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62:1455-1459. crossref(new window)

Pereira, E.I., F.B. Minussi, C.C.T. da Cruz, A.C.C. Bernardi, and C. Ribeiro. 2012. Urea Montmorillonite-Extruded Nanocomposites: A Novel Slow-Release Material. J. Agric. Food Chem. 60:5267-5272. crossref(new window)

Perrin, T.S., J.L. Boettinger, D.T. Drost, and J.M. Norton. 1998. Decreasing nitrogen leaching from sandy soil with ammoniumloaded clinoptilolite. J. Environ. Qual. 27:656-663.

Pickering, H.W., N.W. Menzies, and M.H. Hunter. 2002. Zeolite/rock phosphate: a novel slow release phosphorus fertiliser for potted plant production. Sci. Hortic. 94:333-343. crossref(new window)

Powlson, D.S., T.M. Addisott, N. Benjamin, K.G. Cassman, T.M. de Kok, H. van Grinsven, J.L. Lhirondel, A.A. Avery, and C. van Kessel. 2008. When does nitrate become a risk for humans? J. Environ. Qual. 37:291-295. crossref(new window)

Prasad, M.S., K.J. Reid, and H.H. Murray. 1991. Kaolin: processing, properties and applications Appl. Clay Sci. 6:87-119. crossref(new window)

Ramesh, K., and D.D. Reddy. 2011. Zeolites and their potential uses in agriculture. Adv. Agron. 113:219-241. crossref(new window)

Rehakova, M, S. Cuvanova, M. Dzivak, J. Rimarand, and Z. Gavalova. 2004. Agricultural and agrochemical uses of natural zeolite of the clinoptilolite type. Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 8:397-404. crossref(new window)

Sharpley, A.N., and R.G. Menzel. 1987. The impact of soil and fertilizer phosphorus on the environment. Adv. Agron. 41:297-320. crossref(new window)

Shaviv, A., and R. Mikkelsen. 1993. Controlled-release fertilizers to increase efficiency of nutrient use and minimize environmental degradation - a review. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 35:1-12.

Solihin, Q.W. Zhang, W. Tongamp, and F. Saito. 2011. Mechanochemical synthesis of kaolin-$KH_2PO_4$ and kaolin-$NH_4H_2PO_4$ complexes for application as slow release fertilizer. Powder Technol. 212:354-358. crossref(new window)

Torres-Dorante, L.O., J. Lammel, and H. Kuhlmann. 2009. Use of a layered double hydroxide (LDH) to buffer nitrate in soil: long-term nitrate exchange properties under cropping and fallow conditions. Plant Soil 315:257-272. crossref(new window)

Trave, A., A. Selloni, A. Goursot, D. Tichit, and J. Weber. 2002. First principles study of the structure and chemistry of Mg-based hydrotalcite-like anionic clays. J. Phys. Chem. B 106:12291-12296. crossref(new window)

UNFPA. 2012. The state of the world population report. By choice, not by chance: family planning, human rights and development. United Nations Population Fund, New York. pp.17-19.

Urena-Amate, M.D. N.D. Boutarbouch. M.D. Socias-Viciana, and E. Gonzalez-Pradas. 2011. Controlled release of nitrate from hydrotalcite modified formulations Appl. Clay Sci. 52:368-373. crossref(new window)

Wu, J., Y. Wei, J. Lin, and S. Lin. 2003. Study on starch-graftacrylamide/ mineral powder superabsorbent composite. Polymer 44:6513-6520. crossref(new window)

Zhang, J.P., H. Chen, and A.Q. Wang. 2006. Study on superabsorbent composite. IV. Effects of organification degree of attapulgite on swelling behaviors of polyacrylamide/organo-attapulgite composites. Eur. Polym. J. 42:101-108. crossref(new window)