Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Cover Crops on Soil Chemical Properties and Biota in a Pear Orchard
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Cover Crops on Soil Chemical Properties and Biota in a Pear Orchard
Eo, Jinu; Park, Jin-Myeon; Park, Kee-Choon;
  PDF(new window)
The use of cover crops has a beneficial effect on sustainable soil management in pear orchards. We aimed to compare changes in soil chemical properties and biota with the use of different cover crops. We tested the effects of five cover plants, including hairy vetch, orchard grass, rattail fescue, rye, and perennial ryegrass. Use of different cover crops had a minimal impact on soil chemical properties through three year experiments. The aboveground biomass was greatest with the use of rye. The potential amounts of returnable N and P were highest when leguminous hairy vetch was used as a cover plant. Changes in the composition of the microbial community were investigated by phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis. Microbial PLFAs were highest with the use of rattail fescue and lowest with the use of hairy vetch. Minimal changes in the abundances of nematodes and microarthropods suggested that there was no bottom-up control in the soil ecosystem. The results also show that increases in aboveground biomass and nutrient content with the use of cover crops may not promote the abundance of soil organisms.
Hairy vetch;Nematode;Nutrient;PLFA;Rattail fescue;
 Cited by
Evaluation on Soil Characterization in Paddy Treated with Different Green Manure Crops and Tillage Method by Ordination Technique,;;;;;;

한국토양비료학회지, 2015. vol.48. 4, pp.285-294 crossref(new window)
Effects of Continuous Application of Green Manures on Microbial Community in Paddy Soil,;;;;;;;

한국토양비료학회지, 2015. vol.48. 5, pp.528-534 crossref(new window)
Effects of Continuous Application of Green Manures on Microbial Community in Paddy Soil, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2015, 48, 5, 528  crossref(new windwow)
Evaluation on Soil Characterization in Paddy Treated with Different Green Manure Crops and Tillage Method by Ordination Technique, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2015, 48, 4, 285  crossref(new windwow)
Anugroho, F., M. Kitou, F. Nagumo, K. Kinjo, and G.Y. Jayasinghe. 2010. Potential growth of hairy vetch as a winter legume cover crops in subtropical soil conditions. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 56:254-262. crossref(new window)

Ashraf, M., T. Mahmood, F. Azam, and R.M. Qureshi. 2004. Comparative effects of applying leguminous and non-leguminous green manures and inorganic N on biomass yield and nitrogen uptake in flooded rice (Oryza sativa L.). Biol. Fertil. Soils 40:147-152. crossref(new window)

Batten, K.M., K.M. Scow, K.F. Davies, and S.P. Harrison. 2006. Two invasive plants alter soil microbial community composition in serpentine grasslands. Biol. Invasions 8:217-230. crossref(new window)

Biederbeck, V.O., O.T. Bouman, C.A. Campbell, L.D. Bailey, and G.E. Winkleman. 1995. Nitrogen benefits from four greenmanure legumes in dryland cropping systems. Can. J. Plant Sci. 76:307-315.

Brunetto, G., C.A. Ceretta, G.W.B. de Melo, J. Kaminski, G. Trentin, E. Girotto, P.A.A. Ferreira, A. Miotto, and P.C.O. Trivelin. 2014. Contribution of nitrogen from agricultural residues of rye to 'Niagara Rosada' grape nutrition. Sci. Hortic. 169:66-70. crossref(new window)

Choi, H.S., K.H. Im, Y. Lee, H.J. Ji, J.R. Cho. 2011. Nutrient contribution as affected by ground cover treatments in a pear orchard. Kor. Soc. Weed Sci. Conf. 31(1):65-66.

Creamer, N.G., M.A. Bennett, and B.R. Stinner. 1997. Evaluation of cover crop mixtures for use in vegetable production systems. Hortscience 32:886-870.

De Baets, S., J. Poesen, J. Meersmans, and L. Serlet. 2011. Cover crops and their erosion-reducing effects during concentrated flow erosion. Catena 85:237-244. crossref(new window)

De Deyn, G.B., H. Quirk, Y. Zou, S. Oakley, N.J. Ostle, and R.D. Bardgett. 2009. Vegetation composition promotes carbon and nitrogen storage in model grassland communities of contrasting soil fertility. J. Ecol. 97:864-875. crossref(new window)

Drury, C.F., J.A. Stone, and W.I. Findlay. 1991. Microbial biomass and soil structure associated with corn, grasses, and legumes. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:805-811. crossref(new window)

Eo, J., S.B. Kang, K.C. Park, K.S. Han, and Y.K. Yi. 2010. Effects of cover plants on soil biota: A study in a apple orchard. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 29:287-292. crossref(new window)

Gusewell, S., and M.O. Gessner. 2009. N : P ratios influence litter decomposition and colonization by fungi and bacteria in microcosms. Func. Ecol. 23:211-219. crossref(new window)

Hoyt, G.D. 1989. Predicting nutrients from winter cover crops for no-till management. Proc. 1989 Southern Conservation Tillage Conf. Spec. Bul. 89-1. p 70-72.

Ingels, C.A., R.L. Bugg, G.T. McGourty, and L.P. Christensen. 1998. Cover cropping in vineyards: a grower's handbook. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Publication 3338.

Kato-Noguchi, H., M. Yamamoto, K. Tamura, T. Teruya, S. Kuenaga, and Y. Fuji. 2010. Isolation and identification of potent allelopathic substances in rattail fescue. Plant Growth Regul. 60:127-131. crossref(new window)

Kourtev, P.S., J.G. Ehrenfeld, and M. Haggblom. 2002. Exotic plant species alter the microbial community structure and function in the soil. Ecology 83:3152-3166. crossref(new window)

Kuo, S., U.M. Sainju, and E.J. Jellum. 1997. Winter cover crop effects on soil organic carbon and carbohydrate in soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 61:145-152. crossref(new window)

Landi, L., F. Valori., J. Ascher, G. Renella, L. Falchini, and P. Nannipieri. 2006. Root exudates effects on the bacterial communities, $CO_2$ evolution nitrogen transformations and ATP content of the rhizosphere and bulk soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 38:509-516. crossref(new window)

Li, J.H., S.M. Jiao, R.Q. Gao, and R.D. Bardgett. 2012. Differential effects of legume species on the recovery of soil microbial communities, and carbon and nitrogen contents, in abandoned fields of the loess plateau, China. Environ. Manage. 50:1193-1203. crossref(new window)

Li, W.H., C.B. Zhang, H.B. Jiang, G.R. Xin, and Z.Y. Yang. 2006. Changes in soil microbial community associated with invasion of the exotic weed, Mikania micrantha HBK. Plant Soil 281:309324.

Lucas, S.T., E.M. D'Angelo, and M.A. Williams. 2014. Improving soil structure by promoting fungal abundance with organic soil amendments. Appl. Soil Ecol. 75:13-23. crossref(new window)

Manns, H.R., C.K. Maxwell, and R.J.N. Emery. 2007. Soil biochemical response to long-term conservation tillage under semi-arid Mediterranean conditions. Soil Till. Res. 96:83-94. crossref(new window)

Marschner, P., E. Kandeler, and B. Marschner. 2003. Structure and function of the soil microbial community in a long-term fertilizer experiment. Soil Biol. Biochem. 35:453-461. crossref(new window)

Matthew, J.L., C.C. Sheaffer, and L.W. Donald. 2011. Rolled winter rye and hairy vetch cover crops lower weed density but reduce vegetable yields in no-tillage organic production. Hortscience 46:387-395.

Mouhamadou, B., J. Puissant, E. Personeni, M. Desclos- Theveniau, E.M. Kastl, M. Schloter, L. Zinger, J. Roy, R.A. Geremia, and S. Lavorel. 2013. Effects of two grass species on the composition of soil fungal communities. Biol. Fert. Soils 49:1131-1139. crossref(new window)

Nair, A., and M. Ngouajio. 2012. Soil microbial biomass, functional microbial diversity, and nematode community structure as affected by cover crops and compost in an organic vegetable production system. Appl. Soil Ecol. 58:45-55. crossref(new window)

Reeleder, R.D., J.J. Miller, B.R.B Coelho, and R.C. Roy. 2006. Impacts of tillage, cover crop, and nitrogen on populations of earthworms, microarthropods, and soil fungi in a cultivated fragile soil. Appl. Soil Ecol. 33:243-257. crossref(new window)

Rousk, J., and E. Baath. 2007. Fugnal and bacterial growth in soil with plant materials of different C/N ratios. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 62:258-267. crossref(new window)

Rural Development Administration (RDA). 1988. Method of soil chemical properties. RDA. Korea.

Sainju, U.M., W.F. Whitehead, and B.R. Singh. 2003. Cover crops and nitrogen fertilization effects on soil aggregation and carbon and nitrogen pools. Can. J. Soil Sci. 83:155-165. crossref(new window)

Sarrantonio, M. 2003. Soil response to surface-applied residues of varying carbon-nitrogen ratios. Biol. Ferty. Soils 37:175-183.

Van der Heijden, M.G.A., R.D. Bardgett, and N.M. van Straalen. 2008. The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems. Ecol. Lett. 11:296-310. crossref(new window)

White, C. M., and R.R. Weil. 2010. Forage radish and cereal rye cover crop effects on mycorrhizal fungus colonization of maize root. Plant Soil 328:507-521. crossref(new window)

Xavier, F.A.D., S.M.F. Maia, K.A. Ribeiro, E.D. Mendonca, and T.S. de Oliveira. 2013. Effect of cover plants on soil C and N dynamics in different soil management systems in dwarf cashew culture. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 165:173-183. crossref(new window)

Zablotowicz, R.M., M.A. Locke, and L.A. Gaston. 2007. Tillage and cover effects on soil microbial properties and fluometuron degradation. Biol. Fert. Soils 44:27-35. crossref(new window)

Zhaorigetu, M. Komatsuzaki, Y. Sato, and H. Ohta. 2008. Relationships between fungal biomass and nitrous oxide emission in upland rice soils under no tillage and cover cropping systems. Microbes Environ. 23:201-208. crossref(new window)

Zhou, X. G., and K. L. Everts. 2007. Effects of host resistance and inoculum density on the suppression of Fusarium wilt of watermelon induced by hairy vetch. Plant Dis. 91:92-96. crossref(new window)