Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Granular Silicate on Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus) Growth, Yield, and Characteristics of Soil Under Greenhouse
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Granular Silicate on Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus) Growth, Yield, and Characteristics of Soil Under Greenhouse
Kim, Young-Sang; Kang, Hyo-Jung; Kim, Tae-Il; Jeong, Taek-Gu; Han, Jong-Woo; Kim, Ik-Jei; Nam, Sang-Young; Kim, Ki-In;
  PDF(new window)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of granular type of silicate fertilizer on watermelon growth, yield, and characteristics of soil in the greenhouse. Four different levels of silicate fertilizer, 0(control), 600, 1,200, were applied for experiment. The silicate fertilizer was applied as a basal fertilization before transplanting watermelon. Compost and basal fertilizers were applied based on the standard fertilizer recommendation rate with soil testing. All of the recommended and 50% of N and were applied as a basal fertilization. The N and as additional fertilization was split-applied twice by fertigation method. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.) cultivar was `Sam-Bok-KKuol and main stem was from rootstock (bottle gourd: Lagenaria leucantha Standl.) `Bul-Ro-Jang-Sang`. The watermelon was transplanted on April, 15. Soil chemical properties, such as soil pH, EC, available phosphate and exchangeable K, Mg, and available levels increased compared to the control, while EC was similar and the concentrations of soil organic matter decreased. Physical properties of soils, such as soil bulk density and porosity were not different among treatments. The growth characteristics of watermelon, such as stem diameter, fresh and dry weight of watermelon at harvest were thicker and heavier for silicate treatment than the control, while number of node was shorter than the control. Merchantable watermelon increased by 3-5% compared to the control and sugar content was 0.4 to higher than the control. These results suggest that silicate fertilizer application in the greenhouse can improve some chemical properties of soils and watermelon stem diameter and dry weight, which are contributed to watermelon quality and marketable watermelon production.
Greenhouse;Silicate fertilizer;Soil chemistry;Watermelon;
 Cited by
Ahn, B.K., S.G. Han, J.Y. Kim, K.C. Kim, D.Y. Ko, S.S. Jeong, and J.H. Lee. 2014. Influence of silicate fertilizer application on soil properties and red pepper productivity in plastic film house. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 33:254-261. crossref(new window)

Aoki, M., and M. Ogawa, 1997. Influence of silicon on the blossom-end rot and growth of tomato. J. Sci. Soil Manure. 48:156-159.

Chang, K.W., J.H. Hong, J.E. Lee, and J.J. Lee. 2006. Effects of the granular silicate fertilizer (GSF) application on the rice growth and quality. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 39:151-156.

Cho, H.J., H.Y. Choi, Y.W. Lee, Y.J. Lee, and J.B. Chung. 2004. Availability of silicate fertilizer and its effect on soil pH in upland soils. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 23:104-110. crossref(new window)

Cho, I.C., S.H. Lee, and B.J. Cha, 1998. Effects of soluble silicon and several surfactants on the development of powdery mildew of cucumber. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 17:306-311.

Elawad S.H., and Green V.E. 1979. Silicon and the rice plant environment. A review of recent research. II. Riso. 28:235-253.

Epstein, E. 1994. The anomaly of silicon in plant. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:11-17. crossref(new window)

Joo, J. H., and S. B. Lee. 2011. Assessment of silicate fertilizers application affecting soil properties in paddy field. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44:1016-1022. crossref(new window)

Jung, K.Y., S.J. Cho, and J.J. Kim. 1985. Effects of rice straw and wollastonite application on the growth and yield of the rice plant. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 18:148-155.

Kang, U.G., and, H.S. Ha. 1985. Effect of lime and temperature on the changes of available soil nutrients in acid sulfate soil under submergence. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 18:282-288.

Kim, C.B., N.K. Park, S.H. Lee, S.D. Park, and B.S. Choi. 1994. Changes in Barley yield and some physico-chemical properties of upland soil by long term application of silicate fertilizer and compost. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 27:196-200.

Kim, J.K. 1982. A study on the dissolution rate for the silicons materials from Korea, MS. Thesis, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Kim, K.S., and Y.U. Kim, 1981. Studies on the counterplan against soil sickness due to continuous cropping of vegetables in vinyl houses. Part II. The effects of silicate on the growth of cucumber plants in vinyl house. Rural Development Review. 16:93-98.

Kim, S.B. 2008. Effect of silicon fertilizer application on the paddy rice and soil physiochemical properties. Chungnam National University. Ph. D. Thesis.

Kim, T.S. 1992. The effect silicon on physiological nutrition and manganese toxity of tomato plant. Ph. D. Kon-Kuk University, Seoul Korea.

Korean soil information system (http :// 2015. Soil data. Soil chemical properties in Jincheon and Eumseong region.

Lee, J.S., and M.S. Yiem. 2000. Effect of soluble silicon on development of powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fuliginea) in cucumber plants. Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 4:37-43.

Lee, S.B. 2012. Effect of several silicate fertilizers on soil characteristics and crop growth. MS. Thesis. Kangwon National University p 1.

Lee, S.H., H.J. Cho, H.J. Shin, Y.S. Shin, S.D. Park, B.J. Kim, and J.B. Chung. 2003. Effect of silicate fertilizer on oriental melon in plastic film house. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 36:407-416.

Lee, Y.B., and P.J. Kim. 2006. Effects of silicate fertilizer on increasing phosphate availability in salt accumulated soil during Chinese cabbage cultivation. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 39:8-14.

Lee, Y.H., S.T. Choi, S.T. Lee, K.P. Hong, W.D. Song, J.H. Lee, and J.S. Cho. 2010. Changes in Fe, and Mn content and lime requirement based on soil pH testing in sweet persimmon fields. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43:584-589.

Ma, J.F. 2004. Role of silicon in enhancing the resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stress. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 50:11-18. crossref(new window)

Menzies, J.G., D.L. Ehert, A.D.M. Glass, T. Helmer, C. Koch, and F. Seywerd. 1991. Effect of soluble silicon on the parasitic fitness of Sphaerotheca fuliginea on Cucumis sativus. Phytopathol. 81:84-88. crossref(new window)

Menzies. J.P. Bowen, D. Ehert, and A.D.M. Glass. 1992. Foliar applications of potassium silicate reduce severity of powdery mildew on cucumber, muskmelon, and zucchini squash. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 117:902-905.

Miller, W.P., and D.M. Miller, 1987. A micro-pipette method for soil mechanical analysis. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal, 18:1-15. crossref(new window)

Miyake, Y, and E. Takahashi. 1978. Silicon deficiency of tomato plant. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 24:175-189. crossref(new window)

Miyake, Y. and E. Takahashi 1983. Effect of silicon on the growth of solution cultured cucumber plant. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 29:71-83. crossref(new window)

NIAST (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology). 2010. Methods of soil chemical analysis, Rural Development Administration, Korea.

Park, N.J., Y.S. Park, K.H. Lee, and Y.S. Kim. 1972. The effect of lime and wollastonite on an acid sulfate soil. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 5:25-32.

Raupach M., and Piper C.S., 1959. Interactions of silicon and phosphate in a lateritic soil actinomycetes. Curr. Sci. 51:1117-1118.

RDA (Rural Development Administration). 2003. Standard of analysis and survey for agricultural research. Rural Development Administration. Suwon. Korea.

RDA (Rural Development Administration). 2010. Fertilization standard of crop plant. Rural Development Administration. Suwon. Korea.

Richmond, K.E., and M. Sussman. 2003. Got silicon? The non-essential beneficial plant nutrient. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 6:268-272. crossref(new window)

SAS Institute. 2006. SAS Version 9.1.3. SAS Inst. Cary, NC.

Sherwood, R.T. and Vance, C. P. 1980. Resistance to fungal penetration in Gramineae, Phytopathol. 70:273-279. crossref(new window)

Soil and Fertilizer. 2001. Soil & Fertilizer. Korean J. Soil Sci. pp. 23-35 (in Korea)

Yeon B.Y. 2005. Changes of rice yield and soil properties by continuous application of chemical fertilizer and soil ameliorator and future prospect of soil fertility management. Kong Ju National University Ph. D. p.17.