Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of the Application of Carbonized Biomass from Crop Residues on Soil Chemical Properties and Carbon Pools
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of the Application of Carbonized Biomass from Crop Residues on Soil Chemical Properties and Carbon Pools
Lee, Sun-Il; Park, Woo-Kyun; Kim, Gun-Yeob; Choi, Yong-Su;
  PDF(new window)
Objective of this study was to investigate the effect of carbonized biomass from crop residues on chemical properties of soil and soil carbon pools during soybean cultivation. The carbonized biomass was made by field scale mobile pyrolyzer. A pot experiment with soybean in sandy loam soil was conducted for 133 days in a greenhouse, by a completely randomized design with three replications. The treatments consisted of four levels including the control without input and three levels of carbonized biomass inputs of , C-1 ; , C-2 ; , C-3. Soil samples were collected and analyzed pH, EC, TC, TN, inorganic-N, available phosphorus and exchangeable cations of the soils. Soil pH, Total-N and available phosphorus contents correspondingly increased with increasing the carbonized material input. The contents of soil carbon pools were for C-1, for C-2, for C-3 and for the control at the end of experiment, respectively. Increased contents of soil carbon pools relative to the control were estimated at for C-1, for C-2 and for C-3 at the end of experiment, respectively, indicating that the soil carbon pools were increased with increasing the input rate of the carbonized biomass. Consequently, it seems that the carbonized biomass derived from the agricultural byproducts such as crop residues could increase the soil carbon pools and that the experimental results will be applied to the future study of soil carbon sequestration.
Carbonized biomass;Crop residues;Soil carbon pools;
 Cited by
Ascough P.L., C.J. Sturrock, and M.I. Bird. 2010. Investigation of growth responses in saprophytic fungi to charred biomass. Isotopes Environ. Health Stud. 46:64-77. crossref(new window)

Atkinson, C.J., J.D. Fitzgerald, and N.A. Hipps. 2010. Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultural benefits from bio-char application to temperate soils: a review. Plant Soil. 337:1-18. crossref(new window)

Chan Y.K., L. Van Zwieten, I. Meszaros, A. Downie, and S. Joseph. 2008. Using poultry litter biochar as soil amendments. Aust. J. Soil Res. 46:437-444. crossref(new window)

Gee, G.W. and J.W. Bauder. 1986. Particle size analysis, p. 383-412. In: G.S. Campbell et al., (ed.). Methods of soil analysis, Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods. ASA and SSSA, Madison, Wi, USA.

Glaser B., L. Haumaier, G. Guggenberger, and W. Zech. 1998. Black carbon in soils: the use of benzenecarboxylic acids as specifirc markers. Organic Geochemistry. 29:811-819. crossref(new window)

Heckman, J.R. 2002. In-season soil nitrate testing as a guide to nitrogen management for annual crops. Horttechnology. 12:706-710.

Jones, D.L., D.V. Murphy, M. Khalid, W. Ahmad, G. Edwards- Jones, and T.H. DeLuca. 2011. Short-term biochar induced increase in soil $CO_2$ release is both biotically and abiotically mediated. Soil Biol. Biochem. 43:1723-1731. crossref(new window)

Khalil, M.I., M.B. Hossain, and U. Schmidhalter. 2005. Carbon and nitrogen mineralization in different upland soils of the subtropics treated with organic materials. Soil Biol. Biochem. 37:1507-1518. crossref(new window)

Larid, D. 2008. The charcoal vision: a win-win-win scenario for simultaneously producing bioenergy, permanently sequestering carbon, while improving soil and water quality. Agron. J. 100:178-184. crossref(new window)

Larid, D., P. Fleming, B.Q. Wang, R. Horton, and D. Karlen. 2010. Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma. 158:436-442. crossref(new window)

Lehmann, J. 2009. Biological carbon sequestration must and can be a win-win approach.. Climate Change. 97:459-463. crossref(new window)

Lehmann, J., J. Gaunt, and M. Rondon. 2006. Bio-char sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems: A review. Mitig. Adapt. Strategies Global Change. 11:395-419. crossref(new window)

Lehmann, J., J. Silva, C. Steiner, T. Nehls, W. Zech, and B. Glaser. 2003. Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant Soil. 249:343-357. crossref(new window)

Lehmann, J., M.C. Rillig, J. Thies, C.A. Masiello, W.C. Hockaday, and D.Crowley. 2011. Biochar effects on soil biota-A review. Soil Biol. Biochem. 43:1812-1836. crossref(new window)

Liang, B., J. Lehmann, D. Solomon, J. Kinyangi, J. Grossman, B. O'Neill, J.O. Skjemstad, J. Thies, F.J. Luizao, J. Petersem, and E.G. Neves. 2006. Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70:1719-1730. crossref(new window)

Luo, Y., M. Durenkamp, M. De Nobili, Q. Lin, B.J. Devonshire, and P.C. Brookes. 2013. Microbial biomass growth, flowing incorporation of biochars produced at $350^{\circ}C$ or $700^{\circ}C$, in a silty-clay loam soil of high and low pH. Soil Biol. Biochem. 57:513-523. crossref(new window)

Major J., J. Lehmann, M. Rondon, and C. Goodate. 2009. Fate of soil-applied black carbon: downward migration, leaching and soil respiration. Global Change Biology. 16:1366-1379.

Mathews, J.A. 2008. Carbon-negative biofuels. Energy Policy. 36:940-945. crossref(new window)

NAAS. 2000. Methods of soil and plant analysis. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon, Korea.

NAAS. 2013. Soil testing for major crops, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA, Suwon, Korea.

Nichols G.J., J.A. Cripps, M.E. Collinson and A.D. Scott. 2000. Experiments in waterlogging and sedimentology of charcoal: Results and implications. Paleogeogr. Paleoclimatol. Paleoecol. 164:43-56. crossref(new window)

Park, W.K., N.B. Park, J.D. Shin, S.G. Hong, and S.I. Kwon. 2011. Estimation of biomass resource conversion factor and potential production in agricultural sector. Korea J. Environ. Agric. 30:252-260. crossref(new window)

Schneider, U.A., and B.A. MaCarl. 2003. Economic potential of biomass based fuels for greenhouse gas emission mitigation. Environ. Resour. Econ. 24:291-312. crossref(new window)

Singh, B.P., A.L. Cowie, and R.J. Smernik. 2012. Biochar carbon stability in a clayey soil as a function of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46:11770-11778. crossref(new window)

Singh, B.P., B.J. Hattonb, B. Singh, A.L. Cowie, and A. Kathuria. 2010. Influence of Biochars on Nitrous Oxide Emission and Nitrogen Leaching from Two Contrasting Soils. J. Environ. Qual. 39:1224-1235. crossref(new window)

Takahashi, E., J.F. Ma, and Y. Miyake. 1990. The possibility of silicon as an essential element for higher plants. Comments Agric. Food Chem. 2:99-102.

Trinsoutrot, I., S. Recous, B. Bentz, M. Lineres, D. Chenby, and B. Nicolardot. 2000. Biochemical quality of crop residues and carbon and nitrogen mineralization kinetics under nonlimiting nitrogen conditions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 64:918-926. crossref(new window)

van Zwieten, L., S. Kimber, S. Morris, Y.K. Chan, A. Downie, J. Rust, S. Joseph, and A. Cowie. 2010. Effects of biochar from slow pyrolysis of papermill waste on agronomic performance and soil fertility. Plant Soil. 327:235-246. crossref(new window)

Yuan, J.H., R.K. Xu, W. Qian, and R.H. Wang. 2011. Comparison of the ameliorating effects on an aciedic ultisol between four crop straws and their biochars. J. Soils Sediments. 11:741-750. crossref(new window)

Zhang, X., S. Kondragunta, C. Schmidt, and F. Kogan. 2008. Near real time monitoring of biomass burning particulate emissions (PM2. 5) across contiguous United States using multiple satellite instruments. Atomospheric Environment. 42:6959-6972. crossref(new window)