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The Effect of Soil Texture on Fruits and Growth Properties in Rabbiteye Blueberries
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 Title & Authors
The Effect of Soil Texture on Fruits and Growth Properties in Rabbiteye Blueberries
Kim, Hong-lim; Kwack, Yong-Bum; Lee, Mock-hee; Chae, Won-Byoung; Hur, Youn-Young; Kim, Jin-Gook;
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This study was conducted to compare the plant growth and fruit quality of blueberries grown in different soil textures of Korea, in order to utilize the results for stable production and soil improvement. Rabbiteye blueberry cultivars `Tifblue` and `Baldwin` were planted and grown for three years from 2013 in wagner pot (1 ) in a greenhouse of Namhae Sub-station, Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science. The plants were grown in four soil textures, sand, sandy loam, loam and silt loam, and nutrient uptake and growth characteristics of plants were investigated. Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus contents of two cultivars grown in different soil textures ranged between 8.6 to , which was lower than appropriate level for rabbiteye blueberry. However, the contents of potassium, calcium and magnesium in leaves were appropriate levels as , and , respectively. Nitrogen and phosphate contents in leaves were higher in the two cultivars grown in silt loam soil. There was no significant difference in plant volume and root dry weight among four soil textures in two cultivars. However, dry weight of leaves and branches were highest in loam soil. Fruit production was highest in loam and silt loam soil in two cultivars, showing negative correlation with the amount of sand in soil. However, sugar and acidity showed no correlation with sand content in soil. These results show the limit to the blueberry growth in soil that has no nutrient holding capacity; however, most of Korean soils that have good nutrient holding capacity can produce competitive fruits if the drainage is improved.
Soil texture;Rabbiteye blueberry;Growth properties;
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