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Contrast Effect of Citric Acid and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid on Cadmium Extractability in Arable Soil
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 Title & Authors
Contrast Effect of Citric Acid and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid on Cadmium Extractability in Arable Soil
Lee, Hyun Ho; Hong, Chang Oh;
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Chelating agents have been proposed to improve the efficiency of phytoextraction of heavy metal hyperaccumulator. However, little studies to elucidate mechanism of chelating agents to increase cadmium (Cd) extractability have been conducted. The objectives of this study were to evaluate effect of different chelating agents on Cd extractability and to determine mechanism of Cd mobilization affected by these agents. An arable soil was spiked with inorganic Cd () to give a total Cd concentration of . Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and citric acid (CA) were selected and mixed with the arable soil at the rates of 0 and . The mixture soils were incubated at for 4 weeks in dark condition. Concentration of F1 Cd fractions (water soluble) significantly increased with addition of EDTA but did not changed with addition of CA. Especially; concentration of F5 Cd fractions (residual) significantly increased with addition of CA. Increase in water soluble with EDTA might be attributed to complexation of Cd and EDTA. Dissolved organic carbon concentration significantly increased with EDTA addition, but did not with CA implying that considerable amount of CA was decomposed to inorganic carbon by microorganism. Log activity of carbonate () which might be generated from CA increased with addition of CA. Increase in residual Cd fraction might be due to precipitation of Cd as . As a result, EDTA was effective in increasing Cd extractability, by contrast CA had significant effect in reducing Cd extractability.
Cadmium fraction;Carbonate;Chelating agent;Heavy metal;Phytoremediation;
 Cited by
중금속 오염 논토양에서 카드뮴의 용출성과 벼의 흡수에 대한 인산시용의 효과,이현호;김근기;이용복;곽연식;김석철;이상범;심창기;홍창오;

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