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Effect of Decomposition on Nitrogen Dynamics in Soil Applied with Compost and Rye
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Decomposition on Nitrogen Dynamics in Soil Applied with Compost and Rye
Ko, Byong-Gu; Kim, Myung-Sook; Park, Seong-Jin; Yun, Sun-Gang; Oh, Taek-Keun; Lee, Chang Hoon;
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Soil organic matter (SOM) plays an important role in the continuous production and environmental conservation in arable soils. In particular, the decomposition of organic matter in soil might promote soil organic matter and fertility due to the mineralization of N. In this study, to evaluate the effect of organic matter amendment on the C mineralization and N dynamic, flux, extractable N and emission were determined using closed chamber for 4 weeks at 10, 15, of incubation temperature after the mixture of rice straw compost and rye in sandy loam and clay loam. Regardless of soil texture, decomposition rates of rice straw compost and rye at of incubation temperature ranged from 0.9 to 3.8% and 8.8 to 20.3%, respectively. Rye application in soil increased and content as well as the emission compared to the rice straw compost. After incubation for 4 weeks, total C content in two soils was higher in rice straw compost than in rye application. In conclusion, application of rice straw compost and rye to soil was able to improve the soil organic matter and fertility. However, organic matter including the recalcitrant compounds like rice straw compost would be effective on the management of soil organic matter and the reduction of greenhouse gases in soil.
Soil organic matter;Soil respiration;Mineralization;N dynamic;
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