Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Interspecific Differences of the Capacities on Excessive Soil Moisture Stress for Upland Crops in Converted Paddy Field
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Interspecific Differences of the Capacities on Excessive Soil Moisture Stress for Upland Crops in Converted Paddy Field
Jung, Ki-Yuol; Choi, Young-Dae; Chun, Hyen-Chung; Lee, Sanghun; Kang, Hang-Won;
  PDF(new window)
The interspecific estimation for tolerance capacities of upland crop species to excessive soil water stress in paddy field is significant in agricultural practices. Most of upland crops can be damaged by either excessive soil water or capillary rise of the water table during rainy season in paddy fields. The major objective of this study was to evaluate water stress of upland crops under different drainage classes in converted paddy field. This experiment was carried out in poorly drained soil (PDS) and imperfectly drained soil (IDS) of alluvial sloping area located at Toero-ri, Bubuk-myeon, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do. The soil was Gagog series, which was a member of the fine silty, mixed, nonacid, mesic family of Aeric Endoaquepts (Low Humic-Gley soils). Two drainage methods, namely under Open ditch drainage methods (ODM) and, Closed pipe drainage methods (PDM) were installed within 1-m position at the lower edge of the upper paddy fields. The results showed that sum of excess water days (), which was used to represent the moisture stress index, was 42 days (the lowest) in the PDM compared with 110 days in the ODM. Most of upland crops were more susceptible to excessive soil water during panicle initial stage on more PDS than on IDS. Yield of upland crops in the PDM was continuously increased by the rate of 15.1% on sorghum, 15.4% foxtail millet, 53.6% proso millet, 49.6% soybean and 47.9% adzuki bean as compared in the ODM. The capacity for tolerance by excessive soil water based on yield of each upland crop in the poorly drained sloping paddy fields was the order of sorghum, soybean, foxtail millet, proso millet and adzuki bean. Therefore, Sorghum is relatively tolerant to excessive soil water conditions and, may be grown successfully in converted paddy field.
Upland crop;Excessive water stress;Stress Day Index;Paddy field;
 Cited by
Bolton, E.F., V.A. Dirks, and M.M. McDonnell. 1982. The effect of drainage, rotation and fertilizer on corn yield, plant height, leaf nutrient composition and physical properties of Brookston clay soil in Southwestern Ontario. Can. J. Soil Sci. 62:297-309. crossref(new window)

Box, J.E.Jr. 1991. The effect of waterloogging on rooting intermittent flooding on germination and seeding growth of cotton. Trans. ASAE. 14:567-570.

Cannell, R.Q. and M.B. Jackson. 1981. Alleviating aeration stress. p. 141-192. In G.f. Arkin and H.M. Talors(ed) Modifying the root environment to reduce crop stress. ASAE. St. Joseph. MI.

Choi, K.J. 1994. Effect of Excessive water stress on the growth and yield of soybean. Research reports of agronomy. Seoul National Univ.Ph. D. Dissert.

Colwell, H.T.M. 1978. The economics of increasing crop productivity in Ontario and Quebec by tile drainage installation. Canadian Farm Economics. 13(3):1-7.

Darcy, H. 1856. Les Fontaines Publiques de la Ville de Dijon, Dalmont, Paris.

Desmond, E.D., G.F. Barkle, and G.O. Schwab. 1985. Soybean yield response to excess water ASAE. Pap. No.85-2562. ASAE. St Joseph. MI.

Doh, D.H., S.J. Kim, S.K. Jin, and R.C. Jo. 1994. A Study on Variation of the Soil Physical Characteristics of Multiutilized Paddy Field by the Introduction of Subsurface Drainage Facility. J. Life Sci. V(1): 87-96.

Evans, R.O., R.W. Skaggs, and R.E. Sneed. 1990. Nomalized crop susceptibility factor for corn and soybean to excess water stress. Transactions of the ASAE. 33(4):1153-1161. crossref(new window)

Evans, R.O., R.W. Skaggs, and R.E. Sneed. 1991. Stress say index models to predict corn and Soybean relative yield under high water table condition. Trans. ASAE. 34:1997-2005. crossref(new window)

Griffin, J.L. and A.M. Saxton. 1988. Response of soildseeded soybean to flood irrigation. Flood duration. Agron. J. 80:885-888. crossref(new window)

Hardjoamidjojo. S. and R.W. Skaggs. 1982. Predicting the effects of drainage systems on corn yields. Agric. Water Manag. 5(2):127-144. crossref(new window)

Hiler, E.A. 1969. Quantitative evaluation of crop drainage requirements. Trans. ASAE. 12:499-805. crossref(new window)

Hiler, E.A. 1976. Drainage requirements of crops Proc. ASEA, Third national Drainage Symposium. ASAE, pp. 127-129.

Huck, M.G. 1970. Variation in tap root elongation rate as influenced by composition of the soil air. Agron J. 62: 815-818. crossref(new window)

Hundal, S.S. and S.K. De Datta. 1984 Water table and tillage effect on root distribution, soil water extration, yield of sorghum grown after wetland rice in a tropical soil. Field Crops Res. 9:291-303. crossref(new window)

Johnston, K., J.M. Ver Hoef, K. Krivoruchko, and N. Lucas. 2001. ArcGISTM Geostatistical Analyst extension User's Guide. ETRI.

Journel, A.G. and C.J. Huijbregts. 1978. Mining Geostatistics. Academic Press, London, p. 600.

Jung, K.Y., E.S. Yun, C.Y. Park, J.B. Hwang, Y.D. Choi, and K.D. Park. 2011. Stress day index to predict soybean yield response by subsurface drainage in poorly drained sloping paddy fields Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44:702-708. crossref(new window)

Kono, Y., A. Yamauchi, N. Kawamura, J. Tatsumi, T. Nonoyama, and N. Inagaki. 1987. Interspecific difference of the capacities of waterlogging and drought tolerance among summer cereals. Japan. Jour. Crop Sci. 56(1): 115-129. crossref(new window)

Lee, H.S., J.W. Gu, and S.H. Yun. 1993. Effects of water potential and underground water table on the rhizobium activity, growth, yield and seed quality of soybean 1. Effects of underground water table at different soil on the rhizobium activity, growth, yield and seed quality of soybean. RDA J. Agri. Sci. (Agri. Inst. Coop.) 35:1-11.

Lee, H.J., S.H. Kim, and H.S. Lee. 1994. Growth of maize and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid affected by soil texture and grounfd water levels. Korean J. Crop Sci. 39(6): 585-593.

MAFRA. 2014. Agriculture, food and rural affairs statistics yearbook.

NIAST. 2000. Methods of soil chemical analysis. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon, Korea.

Plamenac, N. 1988. Effects of subsurface drainage on heavy hydromorphic soil in the Nelindvor area, Yugoslavia. Agric. Water Manag. 14:19-27. crossref(new window)

Poole, C.A., R.W. Skaggs, G.M. Cheschier, M.A. Youssef, and C.R. Crozier. 2009. Effects of Drainage Water Management on Crop Yields. ASABE Annual International Meeting.Reno, Nevada. June 21 - June 24.

RDA. 2012. Standards for Agricultural Science and Technology Research Analysis.

Scott, H.D., J. DeAngulo, M.B. Deniels, and L.S. Wood. 1989. Flood duration effect on soybean growth and yield. Agron. J 81:631-636. crossref(new window)

Sieben, W.H. 1964. Relation of drainage conditions and crop yields on young light clay soils in the yssellake polders. Van Zee tot Land, No. 40.

Skaggs, R.W. 1978. A water management model for shallow water table soils, Rep. No. 134, Water Resour. Res. Inst. Univ. North Carolina. p. 178.

USDA. 1993. Soil survey manual.

USDA. 1996. Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual. soil survey investions report No. 42 version 3.0.

Wesseling, J. 1974. Crop growth and wet soils. In J. van Schitfgaard (Ed) Drainage for Agriculture. Agron. Monogr. 17.ASA. Madison. WI. pp. 39-90.

Wesseling, J. and W.R. van Wijk. 1957. Soil physical conditions in relation to drain depth. In: Luthin, J.N. (Ed.), Drainage of Agricultural Lands. Madison, WI, pp. 461-504.