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A Study on the Design Directions for Public Housing through Trend Analysis in Housing
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 Title & Authors
A Study on the Design Directions for Public Housing through Trend Analysis in Housing
Kwon, Hyuck-Sam; Yoon, Young-Ho; Kim, Yu-Jeong; Park, Kwang-Jae; Cho, Sung-Hak;
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This study aims to provide new design directions for public housing by analyzing trends in housing design. To this end, we investigate the changes in population, household, society, policy, institution, and technology as the main factors that can affect the housing design trends. Then we analyze the applications of public housing design and suggest the new design directions for public housing after considering experts` opinions. The low growth rate of population, growing separation of household members and increasing level of income produced more diverse demands from residents. In addition, housing demand is notably different by region, and the supply of medium and small-sized housing and small scale developments are growing. Information technology and green technology are also advancing. As a consequence, future housing trends would change from numerically-controlled to performance-based, from central to regional-oriented, from unit to city-centric. Current designs of public housing reflect recent housing trends- in reducing the number of housings and making view corridors by placing a central square in the middle. This shows that the existing designs are not differentiated by region and we need to develop various approaches according to location characteristics and the corresponding new housing types. Therefore, this study proposes the following five directions: responsiveness to demand changes, reflection of location characteristics, connectivity to a local community, realization of green environment, and acquisition of housing function.
Housing;Trend Analysis;Public Housing;Design Directions;
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