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An Assessment Study of Seismic Resistance of Two-story Wood-frame Housing by Shaking Table Tests
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 Title & Authors
An Assessment Study of Seismic Resistance of Two-story Wood-frame Housing by Shaking Table Tests
Ni, Chun; Kim, Sang-Yeon; Chen, Haijiang; Lu, Xilin;
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While there exists a relatively large body of technical information for the engineered design of wood-frame buildings to resist seismic ground motions, the quantitative assessment of seismic resistance of conventional houses built by prescriptive requirements is less well understood. Forintek Canada Corp., in collaboration with other research and industry partners, has embarked on a research project to address this topic. This paper will report on the seismic shake table tests of a full-scale wood-frame building. The two-story specimen, in plan, was built on the seismic shake table at Tongji University in Shanghai, China, according to Part 9 of the 1995 National Building Code of Canada and shaken uni-directionally in each of the two principal directions. Three different seismic table motions were applied at increasing peak ground motion amplitudes up to 0.40 and 0.50 g. The specimen was repaired after the above sets of seismic table motions, and successive runs were conducted for increased door openings. Measurements included specimen accelerations, displacements and anchorage forces. Static stiffness of the specimen was measured at low force levels, and natural frequencies were measured after each seismic loading stage by applying low-level random excitation. The results presented consist of the capacity spectra of the shake table tests, changes in specimen stiffness and natural frequencies with increasing seismic loading. These results and those from other recent shake table tests elsewhere will be compared with simplified engineering calculations based on codified values of strength, and on that basis preliminary conclusions will be drawn on the adequacy of the current code provisions and design guides in Canada and the USA for conventional wood-frame construction.
Shake table test;wood-frame housing;seismic loading;peak ground motion;
 Cited by
Fischer, D., A. Filiatrault, B. Folz, C-M. Uang and F. Seible (2001), "Shake table tests of a two-story woodframe house. department of structural engineering", University of California, San Diego, CUREE publication No. W-06.

IBC (2003), International Building Code, International Code Council, Falls Church, VA.

Karacabeyli, E. and A. Ceccotti (1996), "Test results on the lateral resistance of nailed shear walls", Proceedings of Wood Conference on Timber Engineering, New Orleans, LA, 2: 179-186.

NBCC (1995), National Building Code of Canada, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON.

Rainer, J. H. and E. Karacabeyli (1999), Wood-frame Building Construction in Earthquakes, Special publication No. SP-40, Forintek Canada Corp., Vancouver, BC, March, 28 p.

Ventura, C. E., G. W. Taylor, H. G. L. Prion, M. H. K. Kharrazi and S. Pryor (2002), "Full-scale shaking table studies of woodframe residential construction", Proceedings of 7th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, July 21-25, Boston, MA, p. 528.