Urbanization and Urban Heat Island Analysis Using LANDSAT Imagery: Sejong City As a Case Study

Title & Authors
Urbanization and Urban Heat Island Analysis Using LANDSAT Imagery: Sejong City As a Case Study
Kim, Mi-Kyeong; Kim, Sang-Pil; Kim, Nam-Hoon; Sohn, Hong-Gyoo;

Abstract
Rapid urbanization of Korea was an unprecedented example in the world and urban population increased significantly. As a result, unbalanced distribution of population is serious problem in Korea because approximately 50% of the population is concentrated in the capital area that is 10% of nation's territory, thereby occurring various urban problems including UHI. Hence, Sejong Special Autonomous City was inaugurated officially on 2 July 2012 in order to decentralize population of capital area and induce more balanced regional development. The Sejong City has been changed drastically over a period of years as developed practically since the late 2000's and is expected to have new problems of urbanization. The land cover change due to urbanization is the main cause of UHI that urban area is significantly warmer than its surrounding areas and UHI is not only affecting urban climate change but also natural environment. So the purpose of this research is to analyze level of urbanization and UHI effect and to provide the correlation analysis between Land Surface Temperature and spectral indices. To achieve this, satellite imagery from LANDSAT were used. NDVI, NDBI, and UI were calculated using red, near-infrared, mid-infrared ($\small{0.63{\mu}m-1.75{\mu}m}$) images and LST was retrieved utilizing thermal infrared ($\small{10.4{\mu}m-12.5{\mu}m}$) image. Based on each index and LST, Changes of NDVI, UI and UHI through TVI were analyzed in Sejong City. UHI effect increased around newly constructed multi-functional administrative city, the correlation between LST and NDVI was negative and UI was strong positive.
Keywords
LANDSAT;NDVI;NDBI;LST;UHI;Sejong City;
Language
Korean
Cited by
1.
시계열 Landsat TM 영상과 연간 지표온도순환 모델을 이용한 열섬효과 분석,홍승환;조한진;김미경;손홍규;

한국지형공간정보학회지, 2015. vol.23. 1, pp.113-121
2.
Landsat 영상을 활용한 북한 주요도시의 도시화 지수 분석,김준현;

한국측량학회지, 2015. vol.33. 4, pp.277-286
1.
Analysis of Urban Heat Island Effect Using Time Series of Landsat Images and Annual Temperature Cycle Model, Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, 2015, 23, 1, 113
2.
Urbanization Analysis of Major City in North Korea Using Landsat Imagery, Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, 2015, 33, 4, 277
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