JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Influence of the Urban Characteristics on the Incidence of Crime Using Panel Model
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Influence of the Urban Characteristics on the Incidence of Crime Using Panel Model
Lee, Hyo Jin; Lee, Jae Song; Choi, Yeol;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study, based on the sociological crime theory, is to examine the relation between urban characteristics and the incidence of crime, helping establish effective crime prevention measures. For doing so, the study employs crime data from the Supreme Prosecutors' Office and socio-demographic data including the regional Statistical Yearbooks -both from 2005 to 2012- to build the study's panel data, and analyzes the panel model on the 16 subordinate districts in the city of Busan. To reduce the incidence of crime and prevent crimes from occurring based on the analysis results, first, prevention measures specific to each region by its attributes are needed rather than general ones; second, new institutional frameworks or policies are required for utilizing accurate crime data; third, interdisciplinary research in which various fields including urban engineering are associated to that of social science is necessary to further the study.
 Keywords
Crime;Urban characteristics;Panel data;Panel model;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
A Study on the Influence of the Space Syntax and the Urban Characteristics on the Incidence of Crime Using Negative Binomial Regression, Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, 2016, 36, 2, 333  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Ashenfelter, O., Levine, P. B. and Zimmerman, D. J. (2003). Statistics and Econometrics: Methods and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y.

2.
Baek, S. I. (2011). A Study on Physical Neighborhood Environment with the Effects on Crime Incidence - focused on 3 districts in seoul -, Master's Dissertation, Yonsei University (in Korean).

3.
Baltagi, B. H. (2005). Econometric Analysis of Panel Data, John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y.

4.
Cheong, J. S. (2014). "Spatial regression analysis on the relationship between structural characteristics and homicide of Seoul." Seoul Studies, The Seoul Institute, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 101-118 (in Korean).

5.
Cheong, J. S. and Hwang, E. G. (2010). "A macro-level study on the cause of homicide rate: Nationwide Analysis Using Spatial Regression Model." Korean Journal of Criminology, Korean Association of Criminology, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 157-184 (in Korean).

6.
Cheong, J. S. and Kang, W. (2013). "Causal relationship between structural characteristics of metropolitan neighborhoods and homicide." The Journal of the Korea Contents Society, The Korea Contents Society, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 152-161 (in Korean).

7.
Cheong, J. S. and Park, H. H. (2010). "A study on the effects of structural covariates on homicide: Nationwide Analysis Using Negative Binomial Regression Model." Korean Criminological Review, Korean Institute of Criminology, Vol. 81, pp. 91-119 (in Korean).

8.
Choeng, J. S. and Kwak, D. H. (2008). "A study on the effects of community conditions on crime rates : Longitudinal Analyses Using the Growth Curve Model." Korean Criminological Review, Korean Institute of Criminology, Vol. 75, pp. 251-290 (in Korean).

9.
Choi, Y. and Seo, M. H. (2013). "Assessing the impact of the factors of urban characteristics on the damages caused by natural disaster using panel model." Journal of Korea Planners Association, Korea Planners Association, Vol. 48, No. 5, pp. 309-318 (in Korean).

10.
Choi, Y. and Yim, H. K. (2005). "The analysis on the characteristics of the fear of crime in the public space of high-rise multi-family attached house." Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Planning & Design, The Architectural Institute of Korea, Vol. 21, No. 7, pp. 57-63 (in Korean).

11.
Choi, Y., Moon, S. H. and Yim, H. K. (2007). "Assessing the Impact of the factors of urban characteristics on air pollution using panel model." Journal of Korea Planners Association, Korea Planners Association, Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 191-202 (in Korean).

12.
Choi, Y., Son, T. M. and Kang, J. E. (2000). "Comparison between single-detached unit and apartment: Crime and Crime Prevention of Residential Area in Pusan." Journal of Korea Planners Association, Korea Planners Association, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 153-165 (in Korean).

13.
Geoffrey, H. D. and Jeffrey, P. P. (2012). "The effect of trees on crime in portland, Oregon." Environment and Behavior, SAGE, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 3-30. crossref(new window)

14.
Greene, W. H. (2003). Econometric Analysis, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J.

15.
Gujarati, D. N. (2003). Basic Econometrics, McGraw-Hill, New York, N.Y.

16.
Heo, S. Y. and Moon, T. H. (2013). "Analysis of urban environmental impact factors in crime hotspot." Journal of Korea Planners Association, Korea Planners Association, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 223-234 (in Korean).

17.
Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Random House, New York, NY.

18.
Jang, H. Y., Kim, K. and Lee, J. Y. (2014). "A study on the improvement of CCTV location for crime prevention by citizens' daily activity pattern." Journal of the Korean Urban Geographical Society, The Korean Urban Geographical Society, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 101-112 (in Korean).

19.
Jeffery, C. R. (1971). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, C.A.

20.
Jeong, K. S., Moon, T. H., Jeong, J. H. and Heo, S. Y. (2009). "Analysis of spatio-temporal pattern of urban crime and its influencing factors." Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 12-25 (in Korean).

21.
Johnson, S. D. and Bowers, K. J. (2010). "Permeability and burglary risk: Are Cul-de-Sacs Safer?" Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Springer, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 89-111. crossref(new window)

22.
JoongAng Ilbo (2012). Crime analysis on OECD 34 countries${\cdots}$ Shameful murder rank 6th. Newspaper account (in Korean).

23.
Ki, J. H. (2015). "A study of impact of urban population characteristics on violent crimes." Journal of the Korean Regional Development Association, The Korean Regional Development Association, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 107-124 (in Korean).

24.
Kim, H. J. and Lee, S. W. (2011), "Determinants of 5 major crimes in seoul metropolitan area: Application of Mixed GWR Model." Seoul Studies, The Seoul Institute, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 137-155 (in Korean).

25.
Kim, J. H., Yu, S. G. and Jung, C. M. (2014). "The influence on the crime rate according to proliferation of convenience store." Journal of Korea Planners Association, Korea Planners Association, Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 161-169 (in Korean).

26.
Korean National Police Agency (2013). Korean National Police Agency 2013 White Paper, 11-1320000-000044-10 (in Korean).

27.
Ku, J. Y. and Kim, K. H. (2011). "The effects of the physical environmental characteristics of city on the fear of crime." Urban Design, Urban Design Institute of Korea, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 59-77 (in Korean).

28.
Lee, H. C., Lee, J. H., Kim, D. J. and Ha, M. K. (2011). "A study on the direction of the lighting plan for crime-free in street of commercial district." Seoul Studies, The Seoul Institute, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 73-89 (in Korean).

29.
Lee, H. Y. and Noh, S. C. (2012). Advanced Statistical Analysis, Bobmunsa (in Korean).

30.
Lee, S. J. and Kang, S. J. (2012). "A study on the methodology of positioning security CCTV cameras in urban residential district through using space syntax." Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Planning & Design, The Architectural Institute of Korea, Vol. 28, No. 9, pp. 55-62 (in Korean).

31.
Lee, S. W. and Cho, J. K. (2006). "The effects of spatial and environmental factors on crime victimization." Seoul Studies, The Seoul Institute, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 57-76 (in Korean).

32.
Lee, T. G. (2010). A Study on the Causes of Crime Occurrence - With an Emphasis on Urban Area -, Master's Dissertation, Kyung Hee University (in Korean).

33.
Massoomeh, H. M., Aldrin, A., Nordin, A. R. and Mohammad, J. M. T. (2012). "The influence of crime prevention through environmental design on victimisation and fear of crime." Journal of Environmental Psychology, ELSEVIER, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 79-88. crossref(new window)

34.
Newman, O. (1973). Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design, Collier Books, New York, N.Y.

35.
Oh, M. J. (2011). A Study on the Characteristics of Urban Environment Influencing Crimes - Focusing on 5 Major Crime -, Master's Dissertation, Hongik University (in Korean).

36.
Park, C. H. and Choi, S. H. (2009). "Crime prevention effects of publicity of CCTV installation at kang-nam gu, Seoul: The Effects of First News." Korean Criminological Review, Korean Institute of Criminology, Vol. 79, pp. 213-238 (in Korean).

37.
Park, S. H. (2013). "Crime rates and neighbourhood effects by the urbanization." Law and Government Review, Institute for Local Government in Dong-Eui University, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 83-99 (in Korean).

38.
Seo, M. H. (2015). Analysis on Spatial Autocorrelation and Correlates between Factors of Urban Characteristics and the Damages Caused by Natural Disaster, Doctoral Dissertation, Pusan National University (in Korean).

39.
Seo, S. J. (2014). Study on the Location Characteristics of The Crime Incidence Before and After The Installation Crime Prevention C.C.T.V. of Public Institution, Master's Dissertation, Pusan National University (in Korean).

40.
Statistics Korea (2014). 2013 Social Indicators of Korea, Press release (in Korea).

41.
Supreme Prosecutors' Office (2014). Analytical Report on Crime, 11-1280000-000004-10 (in Korean).