JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
An Analysis of the Characteristics of Environmental Impact for PSC Beam Bridges using Life Cycle Assessment
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
An Analysis of the Characteristics of Environmental Impact for PSC Beam Bridges using Life Cycle Assessment
Cho, Namho; Yun, Won Gun; Lee, Wan Ryul; Kim, Kyong Ju;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study aims to analyze characteristics of environmental load for the construction phase of PSC beam bridge based on Life Cycle Assessment. For detail computation of environmental load, the construction materials and energy consumption are derived from the BOQ, also connecting with environmental load by Korea LCI Database Information Network. The characteristic of environmental impact was analyzed by 25 cases and cut-off ratio was 80% to 94%. The result sorted by construction materials revealed that environmental load were 53.3% for ready-mixed concrete, 9.6% for wire rod, 7.8% for rebar, 6.8% for cement, 5.5% for plywood, and 5.2% for energy. Furthermore, the result of environmental impact revealed that 45.5% for global warming, 30.4% for abiotic resources depletion, 10.5% for human toxicity, and 8.9% for photochemical oxidant creation. In the future, we can make a decision considering environmental load based on LCA at design phase.
 Keywords
LCA (Life Cycle Assessment);LCI (Life Cycle Inventory);Environmental load;PSC beam bridge;BOQ (Bill of Quantity);
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Construction Association of Korea (2015). Standard of Construction Estimate 2015, KICT (in Korean).

2.
Ecoinvent (2015). Ecoinvent Version 3, Ecoinvent, Switzerland, Available at: www.ecoinvent.org (Accessed: November 1, 2015).

3.
Goedkoop, M. (1995). The Eco-Indicator 95, Pre Consultants, Amersfoort, The Netherlands.

4.
Hauschile, M. and Wenzel, H. (1998). Environmental Assessment of Products. Scientific background, Vol. 2, Chapman & Hall, London, UK

5.
Heo, Y. C., Seo, S. W. and Lee, K. M. (2000). "Determination of normalization values for Korean eco-indicator." Journal of KSLCA, KSLCA, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 69-78.

6.
Hwang, Y. W., Park, K. H. and Seo, S. W. (2000). "Assessment of $CO_2$ emissions from road construction activities." Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineering, KSCE, Vol. 20, No. 1-B, pp. 113-121.

7.
ISO (2006). ISO 14040:2006 Environmental Management-Life Cycle Assessment-Principles and framework, ISO, Geneva, Switzerland.

8.
Jang, J. H., Jee, N. Y. and Roh, S. Y. (2013). "An plan for the reduction of construction wastes by applying the extruded concrete panels of flat plate apartment housing." Journal of AIK, AIK, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 105-112.

9.
Korea Environmental Industry Technology Institute (KEITI) (2015). Korea LCI Database Information Network, KEITI, Available at: http://www.edp.or.kr/lci/lci_db.asp (Accessed: November 1, 2015).

10.
KICT (2015). Korea LCI Database for Construction Materials, KICT, Available at: http://apess.kict.re.kr Accessed: November 1, 2015).

11.
KICT (2015). Korea LCI Database Information Network, KEITI, Available at: http://www.edp.or.kr/lci/lci_db.asp (Accessed: November 1, 2015).

12.
Kwon, S. H. (2008). Development of Assessment Model for Environmental Economics of Construction Projects, Ph.D. Dissertation, Chung-Ang University.

13.
Lee, K. M. (1999). "A weighting method for the Koran eco-indicator." The International Journal of LCA, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 161-165. crossref(new window)

14.
Lee, C., Lee, J. Y., Jung, W. S. and Hwang, Y. W. (2014). "A study on the characteristics of environmental imapct in construction sector of high-speed railway using LCA." Journal of KSR, KSR, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 178-185.

15.
Lee, S. M., Park, S. D. and Choi, M. H. (2006). "A study on the development of an assessment program for green building certification." Journal of AIK, AIK, Vol. 22, No. 8, pp. 251-258.

16.
Min, S. G. and Kim, S. K. (2013). "A study on an environmentalload analysis for airport pavement." Journal of KOSHAM, KOSHAM, Vol. 13, No. 5, pp. 355-363.

17.
Ministry of Environment (2006). Manual for Tool of type III labelling and LCA, TOTAL (in Korean).

18.
Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2008). Construction Design Practice for National Highway 2008 (in Korean).

19.
Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2011). Guide-line to Assessment of Environmental Load for Facilities - Road (in Korean).

20.
Park, K. H., Hwang, Y. W., Seo, S. W. and Park, J. H. (2000). "Environmental load evaluation through the life cycle of highway." Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineering, KSCE, Vol. 20, No. 3-D, pp. 311-321.

21.
Seo, S. W. and Hwang, Y. W. (1998). "Life cycle $CO_2$ assessment of residential building." Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineering, KSCE, Vol. 18, No. II-5, pp. 521-529.

22.
Strogen, B. and Horvath, A. (2013). "Greenhouse gas emissions from the construction, manufacturing, operation and maintenance of U.S. distribution infrastructure for petroleum and biofuels." Journal of Infrastructure Systems, ASCE, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 371-383. crossref(new window)