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Geotechnical investigation on causes and mitigation of ground subsidence during underground structure construction
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 Title & Authors
Geotechnical investigation on causes and mitigation of ground subsidence during underground structure construction
Choi, Shin-Kyu; Back, Seung-Hun; An, Jun-Beom; Kwon, Tae-Hyuk;
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This study investigated the occurrences, causes, and mitigation of the recent ground subsidence and underground cavity generation events in Korea. Two main causes of ground subsidence are (1) the soil erosion by seepage during tunneling and earth excavation and (2) the damage of underground pipes. The main cause of the soil erosion during tunneling was the uncontrolled groundwater flow. Especially, when excavating soft grounds using a tunnel boring machine (TBM), the ground near TBM operation halt points were found to be the most vulnerable to failure. The damage of underground pipes was mainly caused by poor construction, material deterioration, and differential settlement in soft soils. The ground subsidence during tunneling and earth excavation can be managed by monitoring the outflow of groundwater and eroded soils in construction sites. It is expected that the ground subsidence by the underground pipe damage can be managed or mitigated by life cycle analysis and maintenance of the buried pipes, and by controlling the earth pressure distribution or increasing the bearing capacity at the upper ground of the buried pipes.
Ground subsidence;Tunneling;Excavation;Underground pipes;Seepage;
 Cited by
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