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A fundamental study on the ventilation analysis method for the network-type tunnel - focused on the none hardy-cross method
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 Title & Authors
A fundamental study on the ventilation analysis method for the network-type tunnel - focused on the none hardy-cross method
Kim, Hyo-Gyu; Choi, Pan-Gyu; Ryu, Ji-Oh; Lee, Chang-Woo;
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Recently, various forms of diverging sections in tunnels have been designed as the demand for underground passageway in urban areas increases. Therefore, the complexity of the ventilation system in tunnels with diverging sections requires a ventilation analysis method different from the conventional method for the straight tunnels. None of the domestic and foreign tunnel ventilation design standards specifies the method for the ventilation network analysis, and the numerical analysis methods have been most widely used. This paper aims at reviewing the ventilation network analytical method applicable as the design standard. The proposed method is based on the characteristic equations rather than the numerical analysis. Thanks to the advantages of easy application, the Hardy-Cross method has been widely applied in the fields of mine ventilation and tunnel ventilation. However, limitations with the cutting errors in the Taylor series expansion and the convergence problem mainly caused by the mesh selection algorithm have been reported. Therefore, this paper examines the applicability of the ventilation analysis method for network-type tunnels with the gradient method that can analyze flow rate and pressure simultaneously without the configuration of mesh. A simple ventilation analysis method for network-type tunnels is proposed.
Tunnel ventilation;Network;Mesh;Branch;Hardy-Cross method;
 Cited by
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