JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Light Trapping in Silicon Based Tandem Solar Cell: A Brief Review
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Current Photovoltaic Research
  • Volume 4, Issue 1,  2016, pp.1-7
  • Publisher : Korea Photovoltaic Society
  • DOI : 10.21218/CPR.2016.4.1.001
 Title & Authors
Light Trapping in Silicon Based Tandem Solar Cell: A Brief Review
Iftiquar, Sk Md; Park, Hyeongsik; Dao, Vinh Ai; Pham, Duy Phong; Yi, Junsin;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Among the various types of solar cells, silicon based two terminal tandem solar cell is one of the most popular one. It is designed to split the absorption of incident AM1.5 solar radiation among two of its component cells, thereby widening the wavelength range of external quantum efficiency (EQE) spectra of the device, in comparison to that of a single junction solar cell. In order to improve the EQE spectra further and raise short circuit current density () an optimization of the tradeoff between the top and bottom cell is needed. In an optimized cell structure, the and hence efficiency of the device can further be enhanced with the help of light trapping scheme. This can be achieved by texturing front and back surface as well as a back reflector of the device. In this brief review we highlight the development of light trapping in the silicon based tandem solar cell.
 Keywords
Amorphous silicon tandem solar cell;Light trapping;Surface texture;Back reflector;External quantum efficiency;Current density;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
P. Campbell, "Light trapping in textured solar cells", Sol Energy Mater, 21 (1990) 165-172. crossref(new window)

2.
E. Yablonovitch, G.D. Cody, "Intensity enhancement in textured optical sheets for solar cells", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, ED-29 (1982) 300-305.

3.
B.W. Faughnan, "Experimental observation of light trapping in hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cells", J Appl Phys, 58 (1985) 2746-2750. crossref(new window)

4.
P. Campbell, M.A. Green, "Light trapping properties of pyramidally textured surfaces", J Appl Phys, 62 (1987) 243-249. crossref(new window)

5.
S.M. Iftiquar, J. Jung, C. Shin, H. Park, J. Park, J. Jung, J. Yi, "Light management for enhanced efficiency of textured n-i-p type amorphous silicon solar cell", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 132 (2014) 348-355.

6.
Y. Kenji, S. Takayuki, Y. Masashi, N. Akihiko, "Optical Confinement Effect for below $5 {\mu}m$ Thin Film Poly-Si Solar Cell on Glass Substrate", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 36 (1997) L569. crossref(new window)

7.
D.E. Carlson, R.R. Arya, M.S. Bennett, A. Catalano, R.C. D'Aiello, C.R. Dickson, C.M. Fortmann, B. Goldstein, J. Morris, J.L. Newton, S. Wiedeman, "Progress toward high efficiency multijunction cells and submodules at Solarex", Solar Cells, 24 (1988) 165-169. crossref(new window)

8.
A. Nakajima, T. Suzuki, M. Yoshimi, K. Yamamoto, "Enhancement of optical absorption for below $5 {\mu}m$ thin-film poly-Si solar cell on glass substrate", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 48 (1997) 287-294. crossref(new window)

9.
J. Muller, B. Rech, J. Springer, M. Vanecek, "TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells", Sol. Energy, 77 (2004) 917-930. crossref(new window)

10.
A.V. Shah, M. Vanecek, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Fay, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, J. Bailat, "Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, ${\mu}c$-Si:H and 'micromorph tandem' solar cells", J Non Cryst Solids, 338-340 (2004) 639-645. crossref(new window)

11.
J. Krc, K. Brecl, F. Smole, M. Topic, "The effects of enhanced light trapping in tandem micromorph silicon solar cells", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 90 (2006) 3339-3344. crossref(new window)

12.
P. Kumar, M. Kupich, W. Bock, R.O. Dusane, B. Schroeder, "Microcrystalline single and double junction silicon based solar cells entirely prepared by HWCVD on textured zinc oxide substrate", J Non Cryst Solids, 352 (2006) 1855-1858. crossref(new window)

13.
A. Bielawny, J. upping, P.T. Miclea, R.B. Wehrspohn, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, M. Peters, L. Steidl, R. Zentel, S.M. Lee, M. Knez, A. Lambertz, R. Carius, "3D photonic crystal intermediate reflector for micromorph thin-film tandem solar cell", Phys. Status Solidi A Appl. Mater. Sci., 205 (2008) 2796-2810. crossref(new window)

14.
K. Bittkau, T. Beckers, "Near-field study of light scattering at rough interfaces of a-Si:H/${\mu}c$-Si:H tandem solar cells", Phys. Status Solidi A Appl. Mater. Sci., 207 (2010) 661-666. crossref(new window)

15.
J.S. Cho, S. Baek, K.H. Yoon, "Enhancement of light trapping by textured back electrodes in tandem micromorph n-i-p silicon thin film solar cells", Curr. Appl. Phys., 11 (2011) S2-S7.

16.
A. Feltrin, T. Meguro, M. Ichikawa, F. Sezaki, K. Yamamoto, "Light scattering and parasitic absorption in thin film silicon solar cells containing metal nano particles", J. Photonics Energy, 1 (2011) 017003. crossref(new window)

17.
K.C. Lai, F.J. Tsai, J.H. Wang, C.H. Yeh, M.P. Houng, "Texturing of the back reflector for light trapping enhancement in micromorph thin film solar cells", Thin Solid Films, 519 (2011) 3946-3949. crossref(new window)

18.
H. Sai, M. Kondo, "Light trapping effect of patterned back surface reflectors in substrate-type single and tandem junction thin-film silicon solar cells", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 95 (2011) 131-133. crossref(new window)

19.
K. Soderstrom, J. Escarre, O. Cubero, F.J. Haug, S. Perregaux, C. Ballif, "UV-nano-imprint lithography technique for the replication of back reflectors for n-i-p thin film silicon solar cells", Prog Photovoltaics Res Appl, 19 (2011) 202-210. crossref(new window)

20.
M. Boccard, P. Cuony, C. Battaglia, S. Hanni, S. Nicolay, L. Ding, M. Benkhaira, G. Bugnon, A. Billet, M. Charriere, K. Soderstrom, J. Escarre, F. Sculati-Meillaud, M. Despeisse, C. Ballif, "Nanometer- and micrometer-scale texturing for high-efficiency micromorph thin-film silicon solar cells", IEEE J. Photovoltaics, 2 (2012) 83-87. crossref(new window)

21.
T. Meguro, A. Feltrin, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, T. Kuchiyama, D. Adachi, O. Inaki, K. Yoshikawa, G. Koizumi, H. Uzu, H. Ueda, T. Uto, T. Fujimoto, T. Irie, H. Hayakawa, N. Nakanishi, M. Yoshimi, K. Yamamoto, "Advanced light trapping of high-efficiency thin film silicon solar cells", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 51 (2012) 10nb02. crossref(new window)

22.
S.M. Iftiquar, J.C. Lee, J. Lee, Y. Kim, J. Jang, Y.J. Lee, J. Yi, "Light management and efficient carrier generation with a highly transparent window layer for a multijunction amorphous silicon solar cell", J. Photonics Energy, 3 (2013) 033098. crossref(new window)

23.
S.M. Iftiquar, J.C. Lee, J. Lee, J. Jang, Y.-J. Lee, J. Yi, "Single-and Multiple-Junction p-i-n Type Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells with p-a-Si1-xCx:H and nc-Si:H Films", in: I. Yun (Ed.) Photodiodes - from fundamentals to applications Intech, Croatia, 2012, pp. 289-311.

24.
R.E.I. Schropp, H. Li, R.H. Franken, J.K. Rath, C.H.M. van der Werf, J.W.A. Schuttauf, R.L. Stolk, "Nanostructured thin films for multiband-gap silicon triple junction solar cells", Thin Solid Films, 516 (2008) 6818-6823. crossref(new window)

25.
G. Yue, L. Sivec, J.M. Owens, B. Yan, J. Yang, S. Guha, "Optimization of back reflector for high efficiency hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon solar cells", Appl Phys Lett, 95 (2009) 263501. crossref(new window)

26.
D.J. You, S.H. Kim, H. Lee, J.W. Chung, S.T. Hwang, Y.H. Heo, S. Lee, H.M. Lee, "Recent progress of high efficiency Si thin-film solar cells in large area", Prog Photovoltaics Res Appl, 23 (2015) 973-988. crossref(new window)

27.
S.M. Iftiquar, J. Park, C. Shin, J. Jung, S. Bong, V.A. Dao, J. Yi, "Present Status and Prospects of Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells", Current Photovoltaic Research, 2 (2014) 41-47.

28.
A. Bielawny, P.T. Miclea, A.V. Rhein, R.B. Wehrspohn, S. Van Riesen, S. Glunz, "Dispersive elements for spectrum splitting in solar cell applications", in: Photonics for Solar Energy Systems, Strasbourg, 2006.

29.
A. Goetzberger, J.C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, P. Loper, "Light trapping, a new approach to spectrum splitting", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 92 (2008) 1570-1578. crossref(new window)

30.
J.D. McCambridge, M.A. Steiner, B.L. Unger, K.A. Emery, E.L. Christensen, M.W. Wanlass, A.L. Gray, L. Takacs, R. Buelow, T.A. McCollum, J.W. Ashmead, G.R. Schmidt, A.W. Haas, J.R. Wilcox, J. Van Meter, J.L. Gray, D.T. Moore, A.M. Barnett, R.J. Schwartz, "Compact spectrum splitting photovoltaic module with high efficiency", Prog Photovoltaics Res Appl, 19 (2011) 352-360. crossref(new window)

31.
X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, A. Barnett, "Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: Direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency", Prog Photovoltaics Res Appl, 20 (2012) 149-165. crossref(new window)

32.
J.M. Russo, D. Zhang, M. Gordon, S. Vorndran, Y. Wu, R.K. Kostuk, "Spectrum splitting metrics and effect of filter characteristics on photovoltaic system performance", Opt. Express, 22 (2014) A528-A541. crossref(new window)

33.
Y. Yao, H. Liu, W. Wu, "Spectrum splitting using multi-layer dielectric meta-surfaces for efficient solar energy harvesting", Appl Phys A, 115 (2014) 713-719. crossref(new window)

34.
R.E.I. Schropp, C.H.M. Van Der Werf, M.K. Van Veen, P.A.T.T. Van Veenendaal, R. Jimenez Zambrano, Z. Hartman, J. Loffler, J.K. Rath, "Thin film a-Si/poly-Simultibandgap tandem solar cells with both absorber layers deposited by Hot Wire CVD", in: M. Stutzmann, J. Boyce, J.D. Cohen, R. Collins, J. Hanna (Eds.) Amorphous and Heterogeneous Silicon Based Films 2001, San Francisco, CA, 2001, pp. A1561-A1566.

35.
A. Feltrin, T. Meguro, E. Van Assche, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, T. Kuchiyama, D. Adachi, O. Inaki, K. Yoshikawa, G. Koizumi, H. Uzu, H. Ueda, T. Uto, T. Fujimoto, T. Irie, H. Hayakawa, N. Nakanishi, M. Yoshimi, K. Yamamoto, "Advanced light trapping designs for high efficiency thin film silicon solar cells", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 119 (2013) 219-227. crossref(new window)

36.
J. Yin, H. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Gao, Y. Mai, Y. Ma, M. Wan, Y. Huang, "A study of ZnO:B films for thin film silicon solar cells", Appl Surf Sci, 259 (2012) 758-763. crossref(new window)

37.
S. Calnan, J. Hupkes, B. Rech, H. Siekmann, A.N. Tiwari, "High deposition rate aluminium-doped zinc oxide films with highly efficient light trapping for silicon thin film solar cells", Thin Solid Films, 516 (2008) 1242-1248. crossref(new window)

38.
A. Campa, M. Meier, M. Boccard, L.V. Mercaldo, M. Ghosh, C. Zhang, T. Merdzhanova, J. KrC, F.J. Haug, M. TopiC, "Micromorph silicon solar cell optical performance: Influence of intermediate reflector and front electrode surface texture", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 130 (2014) 401-409. crossref(new window)

39.
C. Charpentier, R. Boukhicha, P. Prod'Homme, T. Emeraud, J.F. Lerat, P.R.I. Cabarrocas, E.V. Johnson, "Evolution in morphological, optical, and electronic properties of ZnO:Al thin films undergoing a laser annealing and etching process", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 125 (2014) 223-232. crossref(new window)

40.
K. Asaoka, M. Yamaguchi, H. Yamagishi, W.A. Nevin, H. Nishio, T. Endoh, K. Tsuge, Y. Tawada, "Light-induced effects in a-Si/a-Si two-stacked tandem junction solar cells", J Non Cryst Solids, 115 (1989) 24-26. crossref(new window)

41.
R. Brendel, A. Gier, M. Mennig, H. Schmidt, J.H. Werner, "Sol-gel coatings for light trapping in crystalline thin film silicon solar cells", J Non Cryst Solids, 218 (1997) 391-394. crossref(new window)

42.
K. Ryu, Y.J. Lee, M. Ju, H. Choi, B. Kim, J. Lee, W. Oh, K. Choi, N. Balaji, J. Yi, "Optimal indium tin oxide layer as anti reflection coating for crystalline silicon solar cell with shallow emitter", Thin Solid Films, 521 (2012) 50-53. crossref(new window)

43.
T. Doege, M. Neander, U. Blieske, A. Prat, P. Gayout, "Textured glass increases light transmission in solar modules", Glass Res., 12 (2002) 5-7.

44.
E. Bunte, W. Zhang, J. Hupkes, "Preparation and topography analysis of randomly textured glass substrates", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A Vac. Surf. Films, 28 (2010) 1255-1258. crossref(new window)

45.
S. Neubert, S. Ring, F. Welker, S. Gotzendorfer, F. Ruske, B. Stannowski, R. Schlatmann, B. Rech, "Very thin, highly-conductive ZnO: Al front electrode on textured glass as substrate for thin-film silicon solar cells", Physica Status Solidi Rapid Res. Lett., 8 (2014) 44-47. crossref(new window)

46.
W. Zhang, U.W. Paetzold, M. Meier, A. Gordijn, J. Hupkes, T. Merdzhanova, "Thin-film silicon solar cells on dry etched textured glass", in: Energy Procedia, 2014, pp. 151-159.

47.
J. Steinhauser, J.F. Boucher, E. Omnes, D. Borrello, E. Vallat-Sauvain, G. Monteduro, M. Marmelo, J.B. Orhan, B. Wolf, J. Bailat, S. Benagli, J. Meier, U. Kroll, "Improving low pressure chemical vapor deposited zinc oxide contacts for thin film silicon solar cells by using rough glass substrates", Thin Solid Films, 520 (2011) 1218-1222. crossref(new window)

48.
Y. Abe, T. Kagei, P. Sichanugrist, M. Konagai, "Development of double-textured ZnO:B substrates for improving microcrystalline silicon solar cell performance", IEEE J. Photovoltaics, 4 (2014) 1374-1379. crossref(new window)

49.
M.L. Addonizio, L. Fusco, "Preparation method of double-textured ZnO:B films deposited by MOCVD on plasma etched polymer buffer", J Alloys Compd, 622 (2015) 851-858. crossref(new window)

50.
S.M. Iftiquar, J. Jung, H. Park, J. Cho, C. Shin, J. Park, J. Jung, S. Bong, S. Kim, J. Yi, "Effect of light trapping in an amorphous silicon solar cell", Thin Solid Films, 587 (2015) 117-125. crossref(new window)

51.
S.M. Iftiquar, J. Jang, H. Park, C. Shin, J. Park, J. Jung, S. Kim, J. Yi, "Analysis of optical absorption and quantum efficiency due to light trapping in a n-i-p type amorphous silicon solar cell with textured back reflector", Phys. Status Solidi A Appl. Mater. Sci., 211 (2014) 924-931. crossref(new window)

52.
P. Alpuim, A. Samantilleke, E. Marins, F. Oliveira, M.F. Cerqueira, L. Rebouta, S. Stefanov, S. Chiussi, C. Serra, J.E. Bouree, "Amorphous silicon thin-film solar cells deposited on flexible substrates using different zinc oxide layers", 23rd International Conference on Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Semiconductors, ICANS23, 7 (2010) 1061-1064.

53.
H. Angermann, J. Rappich, C. Klimm, "Wet-chemical treatment and electronic interface properties of silicon solar cell substrates", Cent. Eur. J. Phys., 7 (2009) 363-370.

54.
M. Asad, M. Kowsari, M.H. Sheikhi, "Enhancement of nano-/microtextured crystalline silicon solar cells efficiency using hydrogen plasma surface treatment", Optik, 126 (2015) 5762-5766. crossref(new window)

55.
R. Biswas, S. Pattnaik, C. Xu, J. Bhattacharya, N. Chakravarty, V. Dalal, "Enhancement of solar cells with photonic and plasmonic crystals - Overcoming the Lambertian limit", J Mater Res, 28 (2013) 1021-1030. crossref(new window)

56.
W. Bottler, V. Smirnov, J. Hupkes, F. Finger, "Variation of back reflector morphology in n-i-p microcrystalline silicon thin film solar cells using texture-etched ZnO", J Non Cryst Solids, 358 (2012) 2474-2477. crossref(new window)

57.
J. Chantana, Y. Yang, Y. Sobajima, C. Sada, A. Matsuda, H. Okamoto, "Localized surface plasmon enhanced microcrystalline-silicon solar cells", J Non Cryst Solids, 358 (2012) 2319-2323. crossref(new window)

58.
S. Kim, J. Lee, V.A. Dao, S. Ahn, S.Q. Hussain, J. Park, J. Jung, C. Lee, B.S. Song, B. Choi, Y.J. Lee, S.M. Iftiquar, J. Yi, "Investigation of electrical and optical properties of highly transparent TCO/Ag/TCO multilayer", J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 15 (2015) 2247-2252. crossref(new window)

59.
P. Chen, G. Hou, Q. Fan, Q. Huang, J. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Ni, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, "An efficient light trapping scheme based on textured conductive photonic crystal back reflector for performance improvement of amorphous silicon solar cells", Appl Phys Lett, 105 (2014) 073506. crossref(new window)

60.
J.S. Cho, S. Baek, S.H. Park, J.H. Park, J. Yoo, K.H. Yoon, "Effect of nanotextured back reflectors on light trapping in flexible silicon thin-film solar cells", Sol Energ Mater Sol Cells, 102 (2012) 50-57. crossref(new window)

61.
J. upping, A. Bielawny, R.B. Wehrspohn, T. Beckers, R. Carius, U. Rau, S. Fahr, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, M. Kroll, T. Pertsch, L. Steidl, R. Zentel, "Three-dimensional photonic crystal intermediate reflectors for enhanced light-trapping in tandem solar cells", Adv Mater, 23 (2011) 3896-3900. crossref(new window)

62.
M. Berginski, J. Hupkes, W. Reetz, B. Rech, M. Wuttig, "Recent development on surface-textured ZnO:Al films prepared by sputtering for thin-film solar cell application", Thin Solid Films, 516 (2008) 5836-5841. crossref(new window)

63.
L. Bai, B. Liu, J. Fan, D. Zhang, C. Wei, J. Sun, Y. Zhao, X. Zhang, "The trade-off of light trapping between top and bottom cell in micromorph tandem solar cells with sputtering ZnO:Al glass substrate", J Power Sources, 266 (2014) 138-144. crossref(new window)

64.
P.A. Basore, "Numerical Modeling of Textured Silicon Solar Cells Using PC-1D", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 37 (1990) 337-343. crossref(new window)

65.
S.J. Byun, S.Y. Byun, J. Lee, J.W. Kim, T.S. Lee, K. Cho, D. Sheen, S.J. Tark, D. Kim, W.M. Kim, "Analysis of light trapping effects in Si solar cells with a textured surface by ray tracing simulation", Curr. Appl. Phys., 11 (2011) S23-S25. crossref(new window)

66.
S.Y. Byun, S.J. Byun, J.K. Lee, J.W. Kim, T.S. Lee, D. Sheen, K. Cho, S.J. Tark, D. Kim, W.M. Kim, "An efficient ray tracing algorithm for the simulation of light trapping effects in Si solar cells with textured surfaces", J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 12 (2012) 3224-3227. crossref(new window)

67.
H. Park, S.M. Iftiquar, H.W. Kim, J. Lee, A.H.T. Le, J. Yi, "Diffused transmission and texture-induced defect with transparent conducting oxide front electrode of amorphous silicon solar cell", Semicond Sci Technol, 28 (2013) 115012. crossref(new window)

68.
B. Janthong, T. Krajangsang, A. Hongsingthong, L. Zhang, P. Sichanugrist, M. Konagai, "Improvement of internal light-trapping for silicon based solar cells with a newly developed structure", in: 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2011, Seattle, WA, 2011, pp. 000622-000625.

69.
C. Ulbrich, A. Gerber, K. Hermans, A. Lambertz, U. Rau, "Analysis of short circuit current gains by an anti-reflective textured cover on silicon thin film solar cells", Prog Photovoltaics Res Appl, 21 (2013) 1672-1681. crossref(new window)

70.
M. Fecioru-Morariu, B. Mereu, S. Bakehe, J. Kalas, O. Kluth, T. Eisenhammer, "High quality amorphous Si solar cells for large area mass production Micromorph tandem cells", J Non Cryst Solids, 358 (2012) 2264-2267. crossref(new window)