JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Experimental Study on Performance of MEMS(Multi-Effect-Multi-Stage) Distiller for Solar Thermal Desalination
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Experimental Study on Performance of MEMS(Multi-Effect-Multi-Stage) Distiller for Solar Thermal Desalination
Joo, Hong-Jin; Jeon, Yong-Han; Kwak, Hee-Youl;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In this study, we have carried out development and performance evaluation of optimized MEMS(Multi-Effect-Multi-Stage) fresh water generator with for solar thermal desalination system. The developed MEMS was composed of high temperature part and low temperature part. This arrangement has the advantage of increasing the availability of solar thermal energy. The MEMS consists of 2 steam generators, 5 evaporators, and 1 condenser. Tubes of heat exchanger used for steam generators, evaporators and condenser were manufactured by corrugated tubes. The performance of the MEMS was tested through in-door experiments, using an electric heater as heat source. The experimental conditions for each parameters were for sea water inlet temperature to condenser, /hour sea water inlet volume flow rate, for hot water inlet temperature to generator of high temperature part, 3.6 4.8, 6.0 for hot water inlet volume flow rate. As a result, The developed MEMS was required about 85 kW heating source to produce of fresh water. It was analyzed that the performance ratio of MEMS was about 2.6.
 Keywords
Sea Water Desalination;Solar Thermal Desalination;Multi Effect Distiller;PR(Performance Ratio);
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
S. Nisan, N. Benzarti, A comprehensive economic evaluation of integrated desalination systems using fossil fuelled and nuclear energies and including their environmental costs, Desalination, 229, 125-146, (2008) crossref(new window)

2.
M. A. Darwish and Hisman El-Dessouky, The heat recovery thermal vapour-compression desalting system :a comparison with other thermal desalination processes, Applied Thermal Engineering, 16, 523-537, (1996) crossref(new window)

3.
Hisham T. El-Dessouky, Hisham M. Ettouney and Faisal Mandani, Application of gas-turbine exhaust gases for brackish water desalination : a techno-economic evaluation, Applied Thermal Engineering, 24, 2487-2500, (2004) crossref(new window)

4.
S. Nisan, N. Benzarti, A comprehensive economice valuation of integrated desalination systems using fossil fuelled and nuclear energies and including their environmental costs, Desalination, 229, 125-146, (2008) crossref(new window)

5.
A. M. El-Nashar and M. Samad, Thesolar desalination plant in Abu Dhabi 13 years of performance and operation history. Renewable Energy, 14, 263-274, (1998) crossref(new window)

6.
Diego-Cesar Alarcon-Padilla, Julian Blanco-Galvez, Lourdes Garcia-Rodriguez, Wolfgang Gernjak and Sixto Malato-Rodriguez, First experimental results of anew hybrid solar/gas multi-effect distillation system : the AQUASOL project, Desalination, 220, 619-625, (2008) crossref(new window)

7.
Kwak, H. Y., Kim, J. B., Joo, H. J., Yoon, E. S., and Joo, M. C., Demonstration study on desalination system using solar energy, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, Vol. 27, No. 4, 27-33, (2007)

8.
Kwak, H. Y., Joo, H. J., and Hwang, I. S., Thermal performance of single stage shell & tubes(SAT) fresh water generator, INTA-SEGA, 2009.

9.
Joo, H. J., Hwang, I. S., and Kwak, H. Y., Development of Multi Effect Distillation for Solar Thermal Seawater Desalination System, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1-7, (2011) crossref(new window)

10.
Joo, H. J., Jung, I. Y., Yoon, S. K., and Kwak, H. Y., CFD Analysis on the Flow Characteristics of Ejector According to the Position Changes of Driving Nozzle for F. W. G, Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, Vol. 31, No. 3, 23-29, (2011) crossref(new window)

11.
Andrew Porteous., et al., Desalination Technology Development and Practice, Applied Science Publishers, London, 1983