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Application of numerical simulation for the analysis and interpretation of pile-anchor system failure
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  • Journal title : Geomechanics and Engineering
  • Volume 9, Issue 6,  2015, pp.689-707
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.6.689
 Title & Authors
Application of numerical simulation for the analysis and interpretation of pile-anchor system failure
Saleem, Masood;
Progressive increase in population causing land scarcity, which is forcing construction industry to build multistory buildings having underground basements. Normally, basements are constructed for parking facility. This research work evaluates important factors which have caused the collapse of pile-anchor system at under construction five star hotel. 21 m deep excavation is carried out, to have five basements, after installation of 600 mm diameter cast in-situ contiguous concrete piles at plot periphery. To retain piles and backfill, soil anchors are installed as pit excavation is proceeded. Before collapse, anchors are designed by federal highway administration procedure and four anchor rows are installed with three strands per anchor in first row and four in remaining. However, after collapse, system is modeled and analyzed in plaxis using mohr-coulomb method. It is investigated that in-appropriate evaluation of soil properties, additional surcharge loads, lesser number of strands per anchor, shorter grouted body length and shorter pile embedment depth caused large deformations to occur which governed the collapse of east side pile wall. To resume work, old anchors are assumed to be standing at one factor of safety and then system is analyzed using finite element approach. Finally, it is concluded to use four strands per anchor in first new row and five strands in remaining three with increase in grouted and un-grouted body lengths.
anchor;contiguous pile;stress;deformation;finite;shear;elongation;
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