Numerical modeling of uplift resistance of buried pipelines in sand, reinforced with geogrid and innovative grid-anchor system

- Journal title : Geomechanics and Engineering
- Volume 9, Issue 6, 2015, pp.757-774
- Publisher : Techno-Press
- DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.6.757

Title & Authors

Numerical modeling of uplift resistance of buried pipelines in sand, reinforced with geogrid and innovative grid-anchor system

Mahdi, Majid; Katebi, Hooshang;

Mahdi, Majid; Katebi, Hooshang;

Abstract

Reinforcing soils with the geosynthetics have been shown to be an effective method for improving the uplift capacity of granular soils. The pull-out resistance of the reinforcing elements is one of the most notable factors in increasing the uplift capacity. In this paper, a new reinforcing element including the elements (anchors) attached to the ordinary geogrid for increasing the pull-out resistance of the reinforcement, is used. Thus, the reinforcement consists of the geogrid and anchors with the cylindrical plastic elements attached to it, namely grid-anchors. A three-dimensional numerical study, employing the commercial finite difference software FLAC-3D, was performed to investigate the uplift capacity of the pipelines buried in sand reinforced with this system. The models were used to investigate the effect of the pipe diameter, burial depth, soil density, number of the reinforcement layers, width of the reinforcement layer, and the stiffness of geogrid and anchors on the uplift resistance of the sandy soils. The outcomes reveal that, due to a developed longer failure surface, inclusion of grid-anchor system in a soil deposit outstandingly increases the uplift capacity. Compared to the multilayer reinforcement, the single layer reinforcement was more effective in enhancing the uplift capacity. Moreover, the efficiency of the reinforcement layer inclusion for uplift resistance in loose sand is higher than dense sand. Besides, the efficiency of reinforcement layer inclusion for uplift resistance in lower embedment ratios is higher. In addition, by increasing the pipe diameter, the efficiency of the reinforcement layer inclusion will be lower. Results demonstrate that, for the pipes with an outer diameter of 50 mm, the grid-anchor system of reinforcing can increase the uplift capacity 2.18 times greater than that for an ordinary geogrid and 3.20 times greater than that for non-reinforced sand.

Keywords

numerical analysis;uplift resistance;buried pipelines;reinforced sand;grid-anchor;geogrid;

Language

English

Cited by

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